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Illness through the eyes of the child: the development of children's understanding of the causes of illness

Koopman, HM; Baars, RM; Chaplin, John LU and Zwinderman, KH (2004) In Patient Education and Counseling 55(3). p.363-370
Abstract
In this study 158 children, 80 children with diabetes mellitus and 78 healthy classmates, were interviewed about their concept of different types of illness (a cold, diabetes, infection, the most and least serious disease) and illness-related concepts (pain, becoming ill and going to the doctor or hospital). Special attention was given to the relationship between development of thinking and the variables anxiety, locus of control and family- and school functioning. The results show that the ideas of the children about the causes of illness follow a sequence of developmental stages, described as 'Through the Eyes of the Child' (TEC) model. Perception seems to be the child's central auto regulative system of cognitive development. The... (More)
In this study 158 children, 80 children with diabetes mellitus and 78 healthy classmates, were interviewed about their concept of different types of illness (a cold, diabetes, infection, the most and least serious disease) and illness-related concepts (pain, becoming ill and going to the doctor or hospital). Special attention was given to the relationship between development of thinking and the variables anxiety, locus of control and family- and school functioning. The results show that the ideas of the children about the causes of illness follow a sequence of developmental stages, described as 'Through the Eyes of the Child' (TEC) model. Perception seems to be the child's central auto regulative system of cognitive development. The findings suggest that thinking about illness develops relatively independently of other influences. The practical relevance of knowing how children's thinking about illness develops is elaborated in terms of their implications for health education. Immature thoughts of children about illness can be detected and accepted and not dismissed as irrational. With the help of this model, health education of the child can be facilitated. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
cognitive development, perception, children, illness concepts, health, education
in
Patient Education and Counseling
volume
55
issue
3
pages
363 - 370
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:15582342
  • wos:000226057100007
  • scopus:9944243182
ISSN
0738-3991
DOI
10.1016/j.pec.2004.02.020
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
88122f63-25f5-435a-85b9-8ec044100bbb (old id 257767)
date added to LUP
2007-10-23 19:16:42
date last changed
2017-12-10 03:53:30
@article{88122f63-25f5-435a-85b9-8ec044100bbb,
  abstract     = {In this study 158 children, 80 children with diabetes mellitus and 78 healthy classmates, were interviewed about their concept of different types of illness (a cold, diabetes, infection, the most and least serious disease) and illness-related concepts (pain, becoming ill and going to the doctor or hospital). Special attention was given to the relationship between development of thinking and the variables anxiety, locus of control and family- and school functioning. The results show that the ideas of the children about the causes of illness follow a sequence of developmental stages, described as 'Through the Eyes of the Child' (TEC) model. Perception seems to be the child's central auto regulative system of cognitive development. The findings suggest that thinking about illness develops relatively independently of other influences. The practical relevance of knowing how children's thinking about illness develops is elaborated in terms of their implications for health education. Immature thoughts of children about illness can be detected and accepted and not dismissed as irrational. With the help of this model, health education of the child can be facilitated. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Koopman, HM and Baars, RM and Chaplin, John and Zwinderman, KH},
  issn         = {0738-3991},
  keyword      = {cognitive development,perception,children,illness concepts,health,education},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {363--370},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Patient Education and Counseling},
  title        = {Illness through the eyes of the child: the development of children's understanding of the causes of illness},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2004.02.020},
  volume       = {55},
  year         = {2004},
}