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Comparison between tower and aircraft-based eddy covariance fluxes in five European regions

Gioli, B; Miglietta, F; De Martino, B; Hutjes, RWA; Dolman, HAJ; Lindroth, Anders LU ; Schumacher, M; Sanz, MJ; Manca, G and Peressotti, A, et al. (2004) In Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 127(1-2). p.1-16
Abstract
Airborne eddy covariance measurements provide a unique opportunity to directly measure surface energy, mass and momentum fluxes at the regional scale. This offers the possibility to complement the data that are obtained by the ground-based eddy covariance networks and to validate estimates of the surface fluxes that can be obtained by means of satellite products and models. The overall accuracy and the reliability of airborne eddy covariance measurements have already been assessed in the past for different platforms. More recently an international collaboration between several research laboratories and a European aeronautical manufacturer led to the development of a new small environmental research aircraft, called the Sky Arrow ERA... (More)
Airborne eddy covariance measurements provide a unique opportunity to directly measure surface energy, mass and momentum fluxes at the regional scale. This offers the possibility to complement the data that are obtained by the ground-based eddy covariance networks and to validate estimates of the surface fluxes that can be obtained by means of satellite products and models. The overall accuracy and the reliability of airborne eddy covariance measurements have already been assessed in the past for different platforms. More recently an international collaboration between several research laboratories and a European aeronautical manufacturer led to the development of a new small environmental research aircraft, called the Sky Arrow ERA (Environmental Research Aircraft). This aircraft has been used in the framework of the European Research Project RECAB (Regional Assessment and Modelling of the Carbon Balance in Europe), that is part of the CarboEurope projects cluster, to measure surface mass and energy exchange at five different European locations. An extensive comparison between airborne and ground-based flux data at seven flux measurement sites, showed the overall matching between airborne and tower data. While friction velocity and latent heat flux estimates made by airborne and tower data were comparable at all sites and under whatever conditions, substantial and consistent underestimation of CO2 (28% on average) and sensible heat fluxes (35% on average) was observed. Differences in the aircraft and tower footprint and flux divergence with height explained most of the discrepancies. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
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publication status
published
subject
keywords
regional ecosystem, aircraft flux measurements, area-averaged fluxes, exchange, flux divergence
in
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
volume
127
issue
1-2
pages
1 - 16
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000225607000001
  • scopus:5444256582
ISSN
1873-2240
DOI
10.1016/j.agrformet.2004.08.004
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e0a350a2-679c-4faf-9b7a-a70e59d168c9 (old id 259427)
date added to LUP
2007-10-26 16:38:55
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2017-08-20 04:33:50
@article{e0a350a2-679c-4faf-9b7a-a70e59d168c9,
  abstract     = {Airborne eddy covariance measurements provide a unique opportunity to directly measure surface energy, mass and momentum fluxes at the regional scale. This offers the possibility to complement the data that are obtained by the ground-based eddy covariance networks and to validate estimates of the surface fluxes that can be obtained by means of satellite products and models. The overall accuracy and the reliability of airborne eddy covariance measurements have already been assessed in the past for different platforms. More recently an international collaboration between several research laboratories and a European aeronautical manufacturer led to the development of a new small environmental research aircraft, called the Sky Arrow ERA (Environmental Research Aircraft). This aircraft has been used in the framework of the European Research Project RECAB (Regional Assessment and Modelling of the Carbon Balance in Europe), that is part of the CarboEurope projects cluster, to measure surface mass and energy exchange at five different European locations. An extensive comparison between airborne and ground-based flux data at seven flux measurement sites, showed the overall matching between airborne and tower data. While friction velocity and latent heat flux estimates made by airborne and tower data were comparable at all sites and under whatever conditions, substantial and consistent underestimation of CO2 (28% on average) and sensible heat fluxes (35% on average) was observed. Differences in the aircraft and tower footprint and flux divergence with height explained most of the discrepancies. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Gioli, B and Miglietta, F and De Martino, B and Hutjes, RWA and Dolman, HAJ and Lindroth, Anders and Schumacher, M and Sanz, MJ and Manca, G and Peressotti, A and Dumas, EJ},
  issn         = {1873-2240},
  keyword      = {regional ecosystem,aircraft flux measurements,area-averaged fluxes,exchange,flux divergence},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-2},
  pages        = {1--16},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Agricultural and Forest Meteorology},
  title        = {Comparison between tower and aircraft-based eddy covariance fluxes in five European regions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2004.08.004},
  volume       = {127},
  year         = {2004},
}