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Personalised, predictive and preventive medicine: a decision-theoretic perspective

Sahlin, Nils-Eric LU and Hermerén, Göran LU (2012) In Journal of Risk Research 15(5). p.453-457
Abstract
Background. The last decade has witnessed remarkable developments in medical treatment that is personalised, predictive and preventive. The advances made here have the potential to bring about radical change, not only in diagnostic tests and prescriptions, but also in more fundamental patterns in the provision of health care. Methods. The conceptual framework and principles of modern decision theory are applied to some of the ethical issues raised by recent advances in personalised, predictive and preventive medicine, including questions about limits of autonomy and the implications of justice and fairness in the distribution of health care services. Results. A new way of conceptualising and understanding the ethical issues raised by... (More)
Background. The last decade has witnessed remarkable developments in medical treatment that is personalised, predictive and preventive. The advances made here have the potential to bring about radical change, not only in diagnostic tests and prescriptions, but also in more fundamental patterns in the provision of health care. Methods. The conceptual framework and principles of modern decision theory are applied to some of the ethical issues raised by recent advances in personalised, predictive and preventive medicine, including questions about limits of autonomy and the implications of justice and fairness in the distribution of health care services. Results. A new way of conceptualising and understanding the ethical issues raised by personalised, predictive and preventive medicine is sketched. Such medicine involves decisions under risk and decisions under uncertainty, depending on the extent to which current knowledge gaps can be filled. Conclusions. The various ways of conceptualising and understanding these problems need to be discussed before personalised, predictive and preventive medicine is implemented in practical health care. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
personalised medicine, risk taking, decision-making
in
Journal of Risk Research
volume
15
issue
5
pages
453 - 457
publisher
Routledge
external identifiers
  • wos:000302097200001
  • scopus:84858253816
ISSN
1366-9877
DOI
10.1080/13669877.2011.634524
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8d201da7-fbbb-4796-817e-9d8cfc6bc90f (old id 2594694)
date added to LUP
2012-06-01 09:38:45
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:13:08
@article{8d201da7-fbbb-4796-817e-9d8cfc6bc90f,
  abstract     = {Background. The last decade has witnessed remarkable developments in medical treatment that is personalised, predictive and preventive. The advances made here have the potential to bring about radical change, not only in diagnostic tests and prescriptions, but also in more fundamental patterns in the provision of health care. Methods. The conceptual framework and principles of modern decision theory are applied to some of the ethical issues raised by recent advances in personalised, predictive and preventive medicine, including questions about limits of autonomy and the implications of justice and fairness in the distribution of health care services. Results. A new way of conceptualising and understanding the ethical issues raised by personalised, predictive and preventive medicine is sketched. Such medicine involves decisions under risk and decisions under uncertainty, depending on the extent to which current knowledge gaps can be filled. Conclusions. The various ways of conceptualising and understanding these problems need to be discussed before personalised, predictive and preventive medicine is implemented in practical health care.},
  author       = {Sahlin, Nils-Eric and Hermerén, Göran},
  issn         = {1366-9877},
  keyword      = {personalised medicine,risk taking,decision-making},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {453--457},
  publisher    = {Routledge},
  series       = {Journal of Risk Research},
  title        = {Personalised, predictive and preventive medicine: a decision-theoretic perspective},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13669877.2011.634524},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2012},
}