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Runoff generation in a plough-drained cutover fen in Central Finland

Klove, B. and Bengtsson, Lars LU (1999) In Journal of Hydrology 218(3-4). p.157-168
Abstract
The hydrology of a cutover fen was studied from May to October in 1995 and 1996. Rainfall equivalent depths were measured every 15 min and stream runoff was continuously monitored. Water table depths were measured bi-weekly during 1995 and continuously during 1996. Storm runoff was separated into different components; rain falling directly into channels and rapid groundwater response based on a contributing area method and on different electrical conductivities of rain-, ground- and streamwater. The results show three sources of storm runoff from cutover fens. Frequent small runoff peaks were caused by rain falling directly into channels. The amount of quick runoff increased when rain fell on wet soil, resulting in intermediate sized... (More)
The hydrology of a cutover fen was studied from May to October in 1995 and 1996. Rainfall equivalent depths were measured every 15 min and stream runoff was continuously monitored. Water table depths were measured bi-weekly during 1995 and continuously during 1996. Storm runoff was separated into different components; rain falling directly into channels and rapid groundwater response based on a contributing area method and on different electrical conductivities of rain-, ground- and streamwater. The results show three sources of storm runoff from cutover fens. Frequent small runoff peaks were caused by rain falling directly into channels. The amount of quick runoff increased when rain fell on wet soil, resulting in intermediate sized runoff peaks generated by rapid groundwater response. The largest runoff values were observed after prolonged rainfall when water from the upper part of the catchment flooded the fen. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Hydrology
volume
218
issue
3-4
pages
157 - 168
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:0033600023
ISSN
0022-1694
DOI
10.1016/S0022-1694(99)00036-0
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2f039073-9496-40a5-8c7d-9ef27a5c27d8 (old id 2595410)
date added to LUP
2012-05-31 17:37:13
date last changed
2017-01-01 06:55:47
@article{2f039073-9496-40a5-8c7d-9ef27a5c27d8,
  abstract     = {The hydrology of a cutover fen was studied from May to October in 1995 and 1996. Rainfall equivalent depths were measured every 15 min and stream runoff was continuously monitored. Water table depths were measured bi-weekly during 1995 and continuously during 1996. Storm runoff was separated into different components; rain falling directly into channels and rapid groundwater response based on a contributing area method and on different electrical conductivities of rain-, ground- and streamwater. The results show three sources of storm runoff from cutover fens. Frequent small runoff peaks were caused by rain falling directly into channels. The amount of quick runoff increased when rain fell on wet soil, resulting in intermediate sized runoff peaks generated by rapid groundwater response. The largest runoff values were observed after prolonged rainfall when water from the upper part of the catchment flooded the fen. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Klove, B. and Bengtsson, Lars},
  issn         = {0022-1694},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3-4},
  pages        = {157--168},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Hydrology},
  title        = {Runoff generation in a plough-drained cutover fen in Central Finland},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(99)00036-0},
  volume       = {218},
  year         = {1999},
}