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The potential role of forest management in Swedish scenarios towards climate neutrality by mid century

Cintas, Olivia; Berndes, Göran; Hansson, Julia; Poudel, Bishnu Chandra; Bergh, Johan; Börjesson, Pål LU ; Egnell, Gustaf; Lundmark, Tomas and Nordin, Annika (2017) In Forest Ecology and Management 383. p.73-84
Abstract

Swedish climate policy targets net zero greenhouse gases (GHG) by mid-century, with road transport independent of fossil fuels by 2030, requiring far-reaching changes in the way energy is used. Forest management is expected to support carbon sequestration and provide biomass for various uses, including energy. In this paper, we combine two energy scenarios with four forest scenarios and quantify GHG balances associated with energy-use for heat, electricity, and road transport, and with forest management and production, use, and end-of-life management of various forest products, including products for export. The aggregated GHG balances are evaluated in relation to the 2-degree target and an allocated Swedish CO2 budget. The... (More)

Swedish climate policy targets net zero greenhouse gases (GHG) by mid-century, with road transport independent of fossil fuels by 2030, requiring far-reaching changes in the way energy is used. Forest management is expected to support carbon sequestration and provide biomass for various uses, including energy. In this paper, we combine two energy scenarios with four forest scenarios and quantify GHG balances associated with energy-use for heat, electricity, and road transport, and with forest management and production, use, and end-of-life management of various forest products, including products for export. The aggregated GHG balances are evaluated in relation to the 2-degree target and an allocated Swedish CO2 budget. The production of biofuels in the agriculture sector is considered but not analyzed in detail. The results suggest that Swedish forestry can make an important contribution by supplying forest fuels and other products while maintaining or enhancing carbon storage in vegetation, soils, and forest products. The GHG neutrality goal is not met in any of the scenarios without factoring in carbon sequestration. Measures to enhance forest productivity can increase output of forest products (including biofuels for export) and also enhance carbon sequestration. The Swedish forest sector can let Sweden reach net negative emissions, and avoid “using up” its allocated CO2 budget, thereby increasing the associated emissions space for the rest of the world.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Carbon budget, Climate change, Energy systems, Forest fuels, Forest supply, GHG balances
in
Forest Ecology and Management
volume
383
pages
12 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:84995923641
  • wos:000389163500008
ISSN
0378-1127
DOI
10.1016/j.foreco.2016.07.015
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
25e14261-6106-453e-9cb4-ac3db884124f
date added to LUP
2017-03-24 12:20:10
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:34:10
@article{25e14261-6106-453e-9cb4-ac3db884124f,
  abstract     = {<p>Swedish climate policy targets net zero greenhouse gases (GHG) by mid-century, with road transport independent of fossil fuels by 2030, requiring far-reaching changes in the way energy is used. Forest management is expected to support carbon sequestration and provide biomass for various uses, including energy. In this paper, we combine two energy scenarios with four forest scenarios and quantify GHG balances associated with energy-use for heat, electricity, and road transport, and with forest management and production, use, and end-of-life management of various forest products, including products for export. The aggregated GHG balances are evaluated in relation to the 2-degree target and an allocated Swedish CO<sub>2</sub> budget. The production of biofuels in the agriculture sector is considered but not analyzed in detail. The results suggest that Swedish forestry can make an important contribution by supplying forest fuels and other products while maintaining or enhancing carbon storage in vegetation, soils, and forest products. The GHG neutrality goal is not met in any of the scenarios without factoring in carbon sequestration. Measures to enhance forest productivity can increase output of forest products (including biofuels for export) and also enhance carbon sequestration. The Swedish forest sector can let Sweden reach net negative emissions, and avoid “using up” its allocated CO<sub>2</sub> budget, thereby increasing the associated emissions space for the rest of the world.</p>},
  author       = {Cintas, Olivia and Berndes, Göran and Hansson, Julia and Poudel, Bishnu Chandra and Bergh, Johan and Börjesson, Pål and Egnell, Gustaf and Lundmark, Tomas and Nordin, Annika},
  issn         = {0378-1127},
  keyword      = {Carbon budget,Climate change,Energy systems,Forest fuels,Forest supply,GHG balances},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  pages        = {73--84},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Forest Ecology and Management},
  title        = {The potential role of forest management in Swedish scenarios towards climate neutrality by mid century},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2016.07.015},
  volume       = {383},
  year         = {2017},
}