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Working towards paradise; an interdisciplinary theoretical framework for environmental peacebuilding

Wessels, Josepha LU (2018) Association of American Geographers (AAG) 2018
Abstract
Exploring the human-environment nexus and linkages between (post-conflict) political developments and environmental dimensions, this paper reflects on the development of interdisciplinary theories of environmental peacebuilding. Theories of environmental peacebuilding come from a variety of different disciplines within the social and biophysical sciences; warfare ecology (Machlis et al. , 2011), environmental politics, political ecology and environmental peacemaking (Waisová 2017; Dresse et al., 2016; Carius, 2007; Conca and Dabelko, 2002), which are fields of social and biophysical science research. Against a background of constructivist theories of conflict, offering a holistic, multi-dimensional understanding of processes such as war,... (More)
Exploring the human-environment nexus and linkages between (post-conflict) political developments and environmental dimensions, this paper reflects on the development of interdisciplinary theories of environmental peacebuilding. Theories of environmental peacebuilding come from a variety of different disciplines within the social and biophysical sciences; warfare ecology (Machlis et al. , 2011), environmental politics, political ecology and environmental peacemaking (Waisová 2017; Dresse et al., 2016; Carius, 2007; Conca and Dabelko, 2002), which are fields of social and biophysical science research. Against a background of constructivist theories of conflict, offering a holistic, multi-dimensional understanding of processes such as war, conflict and conflict resolution (Jackson, 2009), this paper argues that in order to come to some kind of comprehensive theory of environmental peacebuilding, there is a need for several paradigm shifts. The first paradigm shift should take place in the field of peace and conflict studies, going from the liberal peacebuilding to a more holistic approach. The second paradigm shift will have to take place in conservation biology and environmental sciences, from a conventional anthropocentric ecosystem to a Human Ecosystem approach, whereby human beings are integral part of the natural environment, linking the biophysical, terrestrial, physical, cultural and socio-economic components of the environment. The paper will explore further anthropological theories of culture, and how this can be connected with the paradigm shifts. Based on previously carried out fieldwork and a desk-study, two geographical cases will be highlighted in the paper, to dissect the proposed theoretical approaches; the crisis of Darfur and the war in Syria. (Less)
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author
organization
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type
Contribution to conference
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Environmental PEacebuilding
conference name
Association of American Geographers (AAG) 2018
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
26230b9b-6cc7-43f0-8525-0232a37135bf
date added to LUP
2018-05-17 11:00:07
date last changed
2018-05-29 11:25:15
@misc{26230b9b-6cc7-43f0-8525-0232a37135bf,
  abstract     = {Exploring the human-environment nexus and linkages between (post-conflict) political developments and environmental dimensions, this paper reflects on the development of interdisciplinary theories of environmental peacebuilding. Theories of environmental peacebuilding come from a variety of different disciplines within the social and biophysical sciences; warfare ecology (Machlis et al. , 2011), environmental politics, political ecology and environmental peacemaking (Waisová 2017; Dresse et al., 2016; Carius, 2007; Conca and Dabelko, 2002), which are fields of social and biophysical science research. Against a background of constructivist theories of conflict, offering a holistic, multi-dimensional understanding of processes such as war, conflict and conflict resolution (Jackson, 2009), this paper argues that in order to come to some kind of comprehensive theory of environmental peacebuilding, there is a need for several paradigm shifts. The first paradigm shift should take place in the field of peace and conflict studies, going from the liberal peacebuilding to a more holistic approach. The second paradigm shift will have to take place in conservation biology and environmental sciences, from a conventional anthropocentric ecosystem to a Human Ecosystem approach, whereby human beings are integral part of the natural environment, linking the biophysical, terrestrial, physical, cultural and socio-economic components of the environment. The paper will explore further anthropological theories of culture, and how this can be connected with the paradigm shifts. Based on previously carried out fieldwork and a desk-study, two geographical cases will be highlighted in the paper, to dissect the proposed theoretical approaches; the crisis of Darfur and the war in Syria.},
  author       = {Wessels, Josepha},
  keyword      = {Environmental PEacebuilding},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {Working towards paradise; an interdisciplinary theoretical framework for environmental peacebuilding},
  year         = {2018},
}