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Signatures of local adaptation along environmental gradients in a range-expanding damselfly (Ischnura elegans)

Dudaniec, Rachael Y. LU ; Yong, Chuan Ji ; Lancaster, Lesley T. LU ; Svensson, Erik I. LU orcid and Hansson, Bengt LU orcid (2018) In Molecular Ecology 27(11). p.2576-2593
Abstract

Insect distributions are shifting rapidly in response to climate change and are undergoing rapid evolutionary change. We investigate the molecular signatures underlying local adaptation in the range-expanding damselfly, Ischnura elegans. Using a landscape genomic approach combined with generalized dissimilarity modelling (GDM), we detect selection signatures on loci via allelic frequency change along environmental gradients. We analyse 13,612 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), derived from restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (RADseq), in 426 individuals from 25 sites spanning the I. elegans distribution in Sweden, including its expanding northern range edge. Environmental association analysis (EAA) and the magnitude of... (More)

Insect distributions are shifting rapidly in response to climate change and are undergoing rapid evolutionary change. We investigate the molecular signatures underlying local adaptation in the range-expanding damselfly, Ischnura elegans. Using a landscape genomic approach combined with generalized dissimilarity modelling (GDM), we detect selection signatures on loci via allelic frequency change along environmental gradients. We analyse 13,612 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), derived from restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (RADseq), in 426 individuals from 25 sites spanning the I. elegans distribution in Sweden, including its expanding northern range edge. Environmental association analysis (EAA) and the magnitude of allele frequency change along the range expansion gradient revealed significant signatures of selection in relation to high maximum summer temperature, high mean annual precipitation and low wind speeds at the range edge. SNP annotations with significant signatures of selection revealed gene functions associated with ongoing range expansion, including heat shock proteins (HSP40 and HSP70), ion transport (V-ATPase) and visual processes (long-wavelength-sensitive opsin), which have implications for thermal stress response, salinity tolerance and mate discrimination, respectively. We also identified environmental thresholds where climate-mediated selection is likely to be strong, and indicate that I. elegans is rapidly adapting to the climatic environment during its ongoing range expansion. Our findings empirically validate an integrative approach for detecting spatially explicit signatures of local adaptation along environmental gradients.

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author
; ; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Environmental association analysis, Insects, Ischnura, Landscape genomics, Local adaptation, Range expansion
in
Molecular Ecology
volume
27
issue
11
pages
2576 - 2593
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:85047612555
  • pmid:29707847
ISSN
0962-1083
DOI
10.1111/mec.14709
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
26b85213-a647-4f43-8204-cf02bd0db3f4
date added to LUP
2018-06-15 13:43:03
date last changed
2021-11-09 02:33:15
@article{26b85213-a647-4f43-8204-cf02bd0db3f4,
  abstract     = {<p>Insect distributions are shifting rapidly in response to climate change and are undergoing rapid evolutionary change. We investigate the molecular signatures underlying local adaptation in the range-expanding damselfly, Ischnura elegans. Using a landscape genomic approach combined with generalized dissimilarity modelling (GDM), we detect selection signatures on loci via allelic frequency change along environmental gradients. We analyse 13,612 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), derived from restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (RADseq), in 426 individuals from 25 sites spanning the I. elegans distribution in Sweden, including its expanding northern range edge. Environmental association analysis (EAA) and the magnitude of allele frequency change along the range expansion gradient revealed significant signatures of selection in relation to high maximum summer temperature, high mean annual precipitation and low wind speeds at the range edge. SNP annotations with significant signatures of selection revealed gene functions associated with ongoing range expansion, including heat shock proteins (HSP40 and HSP70), ion transport (V-ATPase) and visual processes (long-wavelength-sensitive opsin), which have implications for thermal stress response, salinity tolerance and mate discrimination, respectively. We also identified environmental thresholds where climate-mediated selection is likely to be strong, and indicate that I. elegans is rapidly adapting to the climatic environment during its ongoing range expansion. Our findings empirically validate an integrative approach for detecting spatially explicit signatures of local adaptation along environmental gradients.</p>},
  author       = {Dudaniec, Rachael Y. and Yong, Chuan Ji and Lancaster, Lesley T. and Svensson, Erik I. and Hansson, Bengt},
  issn         = {0962-1083},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {2576--2593},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Molecular Ecology},
  title        = {Signatures of local adaptation along environmental gradients in a range-expanding damselfly (Ischnura elegans)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mec.14709},
  doi          = {10.1111/mec.14709},
  volume       = {27},
  year         = {2018},
}