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Enjeux idéologiques dans Le Conte du Graal de Chrétien de Troyes

Daiciu, Violeta LU (2007) In Études Romanes de Lund 79.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Med föreliggande avhandling vill jag belysa att Chrétien de Troyes Graalsaga, till skilnad från vad de åtskilliga kritiker har påstått, inte bygger på traditionella ridderliga värden, men väl avslöjar en problematisk ideologi. Denna ideologi prövas med hjälp av V. Jouves metod, som beskrivs i hans Poétique des valeurs.



Graalsagans värden analyseras ur ett dubbelt perspektiv. Dels examineras det lokala, eller personernas plan, varvid Percevals och Gauvains perception, språk och äventyr granskas, dels undersöks den globala nivån där narratörens funktion ägnas uppmärksamhet.



Mina slutsatser avslöjar narratörens avgörande roll när det gäller förmedlandet av... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Med föreliggande avhandling vill jag belysa att Chrétien de Troyes Graalsaga, till skilnad från vad de åtskilliga kritiker har påstått, inte bygger på traditionella ridderliga värden, men väl avslöjar en problematisk ideologi. Denna ideologi prövas med hjälp av V. Jouves metod, som beskrivs i hans Poétique des valeurs.



Graalsagans värden analyseras ur ett dubbelt perspektiv. Dels examineras det lokala, eller personernas plan, varvid Percevals och Gauvains perception, språk och äventyr granskas, dels undersöks den globala nivån där narratörens funktion ägnas uppmärksamhet.



Mina slutsatser avslöjar narratörens avgörande roll när det gäller förmedlandet av värden. Percevals värden är svårtillgängliga i exempelvis Graalscenen eftersom narratörens berättande inte ger läsaren tillgång till karaktärernas inre liv. Detta leder till förekomsten av en dissonans mellan narratör och person. Förutom denna dissonans, kunde jag även visa att narratören stundvis sammanflätar sin perception med Percevals i syfte av att klargöra dennes klena perception och förståelse av den ridderliga världen.



Trots romanens talrika tvetydigheter, ger Graalsagan läsaren delaktighet i romanen värld. Med stöd i V. Jouves metod, kunde jag visa att oberoende av romanens många hänvisningar till medeltiden, skapar Graalsagan en illusion av verklighet som för läsaren närmare romanens värld. (Less)
Abstract
This dissertation aims at showing that Chrétien de Troyes' Conte du Graal does not, as often affirmed, uphold traditional chivalrous values, but discloses a problematic ideology, mostly as a result of multiple interactions at the textual level. In order to examine ideology, Le Conte du Graal is analysed in the light of the poetics elaborated by Vincent Jouve in his Poétique des valeurs (2001). Following V. Jouve's concept, two main areas are submitted to analysis. Firstly, values at the local level are considered, by discussing Perceval and Gauvain's perception, speech and adventures. Secondly, the global aspect of the novel is investigated, attention being focused on the narrator's function and overall responsibility.



... (More)
This dissertation aims at showing that Chrétien de Troyes' Conte du Graal does not, as often affirmed, uphold traditional chivalrous values, but discloses a problematic ideology, mostly as a result of multiple interactions at the textual level. In order to examine ideology, Le Conte du Graal is analysed in the light of the poetics elaborated by Vincent Jouve in his Poétique des valeurs (2001). Following V. Jouve's concept, two main areas are submitted to analysis. Firstly, values at the local level are considered, by discussing Perceval and Gauvain's perception, speech and adventures. Secondly, the global aspect of the novel is investigated, attention being focused on the narrator's function and overall responsibility.



Analysis of the prologue shows a dynamics of values since Chrétien's patron, the Gospel and the novel are part of a circuit whose aim seems to be to shed light on the value of the novel. Our investigation of the characters perception pleads for the existence of an interaction between Perceval and the narrator, leading to both a tutoring and an evaluation of the inexperienced knight. As to Gauvain, we have shown that even though his perception is clear, he is rendered problematic as a result of the other characters' perception of him. The examination of characters speech shows the occurrence of a dichotomy. Perceval's silence in front of the Grail is argued to be the result of a paradoxical situation since he is expected to both follow and disobey chivalrous rules. The study of Perceval and Gauvain's adventures shows a feeble valorisation of action. Perceval's quest to find the answers concerning the Grail and the lance correspond to an elliptic narration, while Gauvain's adventures seem to be successful as a result of the great number of questions he asks.



Even though a clear ideology is not identifiable in Le Conte du Graal, the study of the global level discloses the importance of the narrator in meddling values. A dissonance, in D. Cohn's terms, is identified between Perceval and the narrator in the Grail episode since the narrator's speech hinders our access to the young knight's own words and thus the disclosure of his values. The narrator is shown to be distant at some other regards, too. He never explains the function and the significance of the lance and of the Grail. Nor does he enlighten us regarding the meaning of Perceval's silence. A certain distance of the narrator towards himself appears since he does not assume a clear responsibility oh his own judgements towards the young knight.



Despite numerous ambiguities and the distance separating us from the time of Le Conte, the novel entitles a participative attitude of the reader, who can easily get involved in the universe of the novel. Following V. Jouve's criteria, it has been shown that, regardless of frequent elements referring to the Middle Ages, Le Conte du Graal favours the creation of an illusion of reality. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Prof. Jouve, Vincent, Reims University, France
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Languages and Literature studies (specific languages), adventure, silence, questions, perception, Poétique des valeurs, Vincent Jouve, point of view, evaluation, ideology, Grail, values, Le Conte du Graal, Chrétien de Troyes, Språk- och litteraturvetenskap (särskilda språk), Humanities, Humaniora
in
Études Romanes de Lund
volume
79
pages
224 pages
publisher
Språk- och litteraturcentrum, Lunds universitet
defense location
Språk- och litteraturcentrum, Absalon sal 129 b, Helgonabacken 12, Lund
defense date
2007-06-15 10:15
ISSN
0347-0822
ISBN
978-91-628-7163-5
language
French
LU publication?
yes
id
fd2d8b61-64af-46e0-bffd-f8e1a1ca13b6 (old id 27204)
date added to LUP
2007-06-05 15:47:47
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:53
@phdthesis{fd2d8b61-64af-46e0-bffd-f8e1a1ca13b6,
  abstract     = {This dissertation aims at showing that Chrétien de Troyes' Conte du Graal does not, as often affirmed, uphold traditional chivalrous values, but discloses a problematic ideology, mostly as a result of multiple interactions at the textual level. In order to examine ideology, Le Conte du Graal is analysed in the light of the poetics elaborated by Vincent Jouve in his Poétique des valeurs (2001). Following V. Jouve's concept, two main areas are submitted to analysis. Firstly, values at the local level are considered, by discussing Perceval and Gauvain's perception, speech and adventures. Secondly, the global aspect of the novel is investigated, attention being focused on the narrator's function and overall responsibility.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Analysis of the prologue shows a dynamics of values since Chrétien's patron, the Gospel and the novel are part of a circuit whose aim seems to be to shed light on the value of the novel. Our investigation of the characters perception pleads for the existence of an interaction between Perceval and the narrator, leading to both a tutoring and an evaluation of the inexperienced knight. As to Gauvain, we have shown that even though his perception is clear, he is rendered problematic as a result of the other characters' perception of him. The examination of characters speech shows the occurrence of a dichotomy. Perceval's silence in front of the Grail is argued to be the result of a paradoxical situation since he is expected to both follow and disobey chivalrous rules. The study of Perceval and Gauvain's adventures shows a feeble valorisation of action. Perceval's quest to find the answers concerning the Grail and the lance correspond to an elliptic narration, while Gauvain's adventures seem to be successful as a result of the great number of questions he asks.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Even though a clear ideology is not identifiable in Le Conte du Graal, the study of the global level discloses the importance of the narrator in meddling values. A dissonance, in D. Cohn's terms, is identified between Perceval and the narrator in the Grail episode since the narrator's speech hinders our access to the young knight's own words and thus the disclosure of his values. The narrator is shown to be distant at some other regards, too. He never explains the function and the significance of the lance and of the Grail. Nor does he enlighten us regarding the meaning of Perceval's silence. A certain distance of the narrator towards himself appears since he does not assume a clear responsibility oh his own judgements towards the young knight.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Despite numerous ambiguities and the distance separating us from the time of Le Conte, the novel entitles a participative attitude of the reader, who can easily get involved in the universe of the novel. Following V. Jouve's criteria, it has been shown that, regardless of frequent elements referring to the Middle Ages, Le Conte du Graal favours the creation of an illusion of reality.},
  author       = {Daiciu, Violeta},
  isbn         = {978-91-628-7163-5},
  issn         = {0347-0822},
  keyword      = {Languages and Literature studies (specific languages),adventure,silence,questions,perception,Poétique des valeurs,Vincent Jouve,point of view,evaluation,ideology,Grail,values,Le Conte du Graal,Chrétien de Troyes,Språk- och litteraturvetenskap (särskilda språk),Humanities,Humaniora},
  language     = {fre},
  pages        = {224},
  publisher    = {Språk- och litteraturcentrum, Lunds universitet},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Études Romanes de Lund},
  title        = {Enjeux idéologiques dans Le Conte du Graal de Chrétien de Troyes},
  volume       = {79},
  year         = {2007},
}