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Increased incidence of cardiovascular disease in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: results from a community based study

Turesson, Carl LU ; Jarenros, A and Jacobsson, Lennart LU (2004) In Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 63(8). p.952-955
Abstract
Objective: To investigate the first-ever incidence of acute myocardial infarction and stroke in a community based RA cohort compared with the general population. Methods: The RA cohort consisted of all patients in a local RA register in Malmo, Sweden (n = 1022). The patients were recruited from private and hospital based rheumatology practices, and made up the absolute majority of patients with RA in the city. The general population of Malmo, aged 16 and above, served as controls. From the Swedish National Hospital Discharge Register and the national Swedish Causes of Death Register, information about all first-ever myocardial infarctions and strokes in Malmo" residents between July 1997 and December 1999 was retrieved. The age and sex... (More)
Objective: To investigate the first-ever incidence of acute myocardial infarction and stroke in a community based RA cohort compared with the general population. Methods: The RA cohort consisted of all patients in a local RA register in Malmo, Sweden (n = 1022). The patients were recruited from private and hospital based rheumatology practices, and made up the absolute majority of patients with RA in the city. The general population of Malmo, aged 16 and above, served as controls. From the Swedish National Hospital Discharge Register and the national Swedish Causes of Death Register, information about all first-ever myocardial infarctions and strokes in Malmo" residents between July 1997 and December 1999 was retrieved. The age and sex adjusted standardised morbidity ratio (SMR) of the two cohorts was calculated. Results: Fifty four patients with RA had first-ever myocardial infarctions or stroke during the study period, compared with 3862 subjects in the general population. The age and sex adjusted SMR was 161 (95% confidence interval (CI) 121 to 210). The first-ever incidence of cardiovascular disease was increased among female and male patients when studied separately. The increase of cardiovascular events in the RA cohort was mainly due to an excess of myocardial infarctions ( n = 36; SMR = 176 ( 95% CI 123 to 244). Conclusion: Patients with RA in Malmo had an increased first-ever incidence of myocardial infarction or stroke compared with the general population. This confirms that cardiovascular comorbidity is of major importance in RA. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
volume
63
issue
8
pages
952 - 955
publisher
British Medical Association
external identifiers
  • pmid:15051620
  • wos:000222600500010
  • scopus:3242658026
ISSN
1468-2060
DOI
10.1136/ard.2003.018101
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e0c68f69-59f3-4352-976d-75cee6f96d99 (old id 273260)
date added to LUP
2007-11-03 10:49:53
date last changed
2017-12-10 04:35:37
@article{e0c68f69-59f3-4352-976d-75cee6f96d99,
  abstract     = {Objective: To investigate the first-ever incidence of acute myocardial infarction and stroke in a community based RA cohort compared with the general population. Methods: The RA cohort consisted of all patients in a local RA register in Malmo, Sweden (n = 1022). The patients were recruited from private and hospital based rheumatology practices, and made up the absolute majority of patients with RA in the city. The general population of Malmo, aged 16 and above, served as controls. From the Swedish National Hospital Discharge Register and the national Swedish Causes of Death Register, information about all first-ever myocardial infarctions and strokes in Malmo" residents between July 1997 and December 1999 was retrieved. The age and sex adjusted standardised morbidity ratio (SMR) of the two cohorts was calculated. Results: Fifty four patients with RA had first-ever myocardial infarctions or stroke during the study period, compared with 3862 subjects in the general population. The age and sex adjusted SMR was 161 (95% confidence interval (CI) 121 to 210). The first-ever incidence of cardiovascular disease was increased among female and male patients when studied separately. The increase of cardiovascular events in the RA cohort was mainly due to an excess of myocardial infarctions ( n = 36; SMR = 176 ( 95% CI 123 to 244). Conclusion: Patients with RA in Malmo had an increased first-ever incidence of myocardial infarction or stroke compared with the general population. This confirms that cardiovascular comorbidity is of major importance in RA.},
  author       = {Turesson, Carl and Jarenros, A and Jacobsson, Lennart},
  issn         = {1468-2060},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {952--955},
  publisher    = {British Medical Association},
  series       = {Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases},
  title        = {Increased incidence of cardiovascular disease in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: results from a community based study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ard.2003.018101},
  volume       = {63},
  year         = {2004},
}