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Novel multi-pad functional electrical stimulation in stroke patients : A single-blind randomized study

Dujović, Suzana Dedijer; Malešević, Jovana; Malešević, Nebojša LU ; Vidaković, Aleksandra S.; Bijelić, Goran; Keller, Thierry and Konstantinović, Ljubica (2017) In NeuroRehabilitation 41(4). p.791-800
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Foot drop is common gait impairment after stroke. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the ankle dorsiflexor muscles during the swing phase of gait can help correcting foot drop. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy of additional novel FES system to conventional therapy in facilitating motor recovery in the lower extremities and improving walking ability after stroke. METHODS: Sixteen stroke patients were randomly allocated to the FES group (FES therapy plus conventional rehabilitation program) (n=8), and control group (conventional rehabilitation program) n=8. FES was delivered for 30min during gait to induce ankle plantar and dorsiflexion. Main outcome measures: Gait speed using 10 Meter Walk Test (10 MWT), Fugl-Meyer... (More)

BACKGROUND: Foot drop is common gait impairment after stroke. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the ankle dorsiflexor muscles during the swing phase of gait can help correcting foot drop. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy of additional novel FES system to conventional therapy in facilitating motor recovery in the lower extremities and improving walking ability after stroke. METHODS: Sixteen stroke patients were randomly allocated to the FES group (FES therapy plus conventional rehabilitation program) (n=8), and control group (conventional rehabilitation program) n=8. FES was delivered for 30min during gait to induce ankle plantar and dorsiflexion. Main outcome measures: Gait speed using 10 Meter Walk Test (10 MWT), Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA), Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and modified Barthel Index (MBI). RESULTS: Results showed a significant increase in gait speed in FES group (p<0.001), higher than the minimal detected change. The FES group showed improvement in functional independence in the activities of daily living, motor recovery and gait performance. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that novel FES therapy combined with conventional rehabilitation is more effective on walking speed, mobility of the lower extremity, balance disability and activities of daily living compared to a conventional rehabilitation program only.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
FES, Foot drop, stroke
in
NeuroRehabilitation
volume
41
issue
4
pages
10 pages
publisher
IOS Press
external identifiers
  • scopus:85039171715
ISSN
1053-8135
DOI
10.3233/NRE-172153
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
275daba0-1d0d-4977-b6f0-b94360e43348
date added to LUP
2018-01-31 09:33:35
date last changed
2018-05-29 12:02:32
@article{275daba0-1d0d-4977-b6f0-b94360e43348,
  abstract     = {<p>BACKGROUND: Foot drop is common gait impairment after stroke. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the ankle dorsiflexor muscles during the swing phase of gait can help correcting foot drop. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy of additional novel FES system to conventional therapy in facilitating motor recovery in the lower extremities and improving walking ability after stroke. METHODS: Sixteen stroke patients were randomly allocated to the FES group (FES therapy plus conventional rehabilitation program) (n=8), and control group (conventional rehabilitation program) n=8. FES was delivered for 30min during gait to induce ankle plantar and dorsiflexion. Main outcome measures: Gait speed using 10 Meter Walk Test (10 MWT), Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA), Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and modified Barthel Index (MBI). RESULTS: Results showed a significant increase in gait speed in FES group (p&lt;0.001), higher than the minimal detected change. The FES group showed improvement in functional independence in the activities of daily living, motor recovery and gait performance. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that novel FES therapy combined with conventional rehabilitation is more effective on walking speed, mobility of the lower extremity, balance disability and activities of daily living compared to a conventional rehabilitation program only.</p>},
  author       = {Dujović, Suzana Dedijer and Malešević, Jovana and Malešević, Nebojša and Vidaković, Aleksandra S. and Bijelić, Goran and Keller, Thierry and Konstantinović, Ljubica},
  issn         = {1053-8135},
  keyword      = {FES,Foot drop,stroke},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {791--800},
  publisher    = {IOS Press},
  series       = {NeuroRehabilitation},
  title        = {Novel multi-pad functional electrical stimulation in stroke patients : A single-blind randomized study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NRE-172153},
  volume       = {41},
  year         = {2017},
}