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Cadmium accumulation and Salix-based phytoextraction on arable land in Sweden

Berndes, G; Fredrikson, F and Börjesson, Pål LU (2004) In Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 103(1). p.207-223
Abstract
Cadmium accumulation in arable soils causes concern due to possible direct environmental effects and health risks associated with exposure of humans to cadmium through agricultural products. This paper discusses the problem of cadmium accumulation in Swedish arable land, and evaluates Salix (Salix vinimalis) cultivation as a tool for addressing the problem. It is found that Salix cultivation offers an effective option for addressing the cadmium accumulation, especially when the topsoil has high cadmium content due to anthropogenic inflows, and the subsoil naturally contains little cadmium. The estimated practical potential for Salix-based cadmium management (ca. 490 000 ha) is very large compared to the present Salix plantation area in... (More)
Cadmium accumulation in arable soils causes concern due to possible direct environmental effects and health risks associated with exposure of humans to cadmium through agricultural products. This paper discusses the problem of cadmium accumulation in Swedish arable land, and evaluates Salix (Salix vinimalis) cultivation as a tool for addressing the problem. It is found that Salix cultivation offers an effective option for addressing the cadmium accumulation, especially when the topsoil has high cadmium content due to anthropogenic inflows, and the subsoil naturally contains little cadmium. The estimated practical potential for Salix-based cadmium management (ca. 490 000 ha) is very large compared to the present Salix plantation area in Sweden (ca. 15 000 ha). However, the estimates of the net economic value of cadmium removal from arable land indicate that the economics of Salix production will not improve dramatically due to an induced cadmium removal. Salix-based cadmium management will therefore most likely take place in counties where Salix cultivation can be expected to expand as a response to an unfilled biomass demand in the energy sector. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Sweden, bioenergy, phytoextraction, cadmium, cropland, Salix, economics
in
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment
volume
103
issue
1
pages
207 - 223
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000221550300014
  • scopus:2442604510
ISSN
1873-2305
DOI
10.1016/j.agee.2003.09.013
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
59b68d91-ad58-4438-bded-9d773ef91e73 (old id 277413)
date added to LUP
2007-10-17 08:49:42
date last changed
2017-05-28 04:23:10
@article{59b68d91-ad58-4438-bded-9d773ef91e73,
  abstract     = {Cadmium accumulation in arable soils causes concern due to possible direct environmental effects and health risks associated with exposure of humans to cadmium through agricultural products. This paper discusses the problem of cadmium accumulation in Swedish arable land, and evaluates Salix (Salix vinimalis) cultivation as a tool for addressing the problem. It is found that Salix cultivation offers an effective option for addressing the cadmium accumulation, especially when the topsoil has high cadmium content due to anthropogenic inflows, and the subsoil naturally contains little cadmium. The estimated practical potential for Salix-based cadmium management (ca. 490 000 ha) is very large compared to the present Salix plantation area in Sweden (ca. 15 000 ha). However, the estimates of the net economic value of cadmium removal from arable land indicate that the economics of Salix production will not improve dramatically due to an induced cadmium removal. Salix-based cadmium management will therefore most likely take place in counties where Salix cultivation can be expected to expand as a response to an unfilled biomass demand in the energy sector.},
  author       = {Berndes, G and Fredrikson, F and Börjesson, Pål},
  issn         = {1873-2305},
  keyword      = {Sweden,bioenergy,phytoextraction,cadmium,cropland,Salix,economics},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {207--223},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment},
  title        = {Cadmium accumulation and Salix-based phytoextraction on arable land in Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2003.09.013},
  volume       = {103},
  year         = {2004},
}