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Farm establishment, abandonment and agricultural practices during the last 1,300 years : a case study from southern Sweden based on pollen records and the LOVE model

Fredh, Erik Daniel LU ; Lagerås, Per LU ; Mazier, Florence LU ; Björkman, Leif LU ; Lindbladh, Matts and Broström, Anna LU (2019) In Vegetation History and Archaeobotany
Abstract

The aim of the study was to identify changes in agricultural practices and periods of agricultural expansion and regression during the last 1,300 years in the South-Swedish Uplands. Sediments from the small lake of Skärpingsgölen (1.2 ha) were used to quantify land-cover at a local scale (c. 1 km radius) in 50-year intervals based on pollen analysis and the LOVE model (Local Vegetation Estimates). The results showed a dramatic change in land-cover, starting c. ad 1150, from a grazed, deciduous woodland, dominated by Corylus, Betula and Quercus, to a semi-open landscape dominated by Picea and open agricultural land. A hamlet, situated next to the lake, was probably established during the 12th century, abandoned during the late medieval... (More)

The aim of the study was to identify changes in agricultural practices and periods of agricultural expansion and regression during the last 1,300 years in the South-Swedish Uplands. Sediments from the small lake of Skärpingsgölen (1.2 ha) were used to quantify land-cover at a local scale (c. 1 km radius) in 50-year intervals based on pollen analysis and the LOVE model (Local Vegetation Estimates). The results showed a dramatic change in land-cover, starting c. ad 1150, from a grazed, deciduous woodland, dominated by Corylus, Betula and Quercus, to a semi-open landscape dominated by Picea and open agricultural land. A hamlet, situated next to the lake, was probably established during the 12th century, abandoned during the late medieval crisis (late 14th century) and re-colonized during the 16th century. High values of Cannabis-type pollen (up to 10% of the pollen sum) suggest that hemp retting was carried out in the lake from the 13th to the 17th centuries, while elevated levels of microscopic charcoal indicate that slash-and-burn cultivation was practiced during the early 14th and the 16th–18th centuries. The LRA-based estimates of vegetation show that the modern landscape, dominated by managed coniferous woodlands, is very different from the landscape only 50–100 years ago. This type of study is useful for comparisons with historical and archaeological records, and provides sufficient temporal and spatial resolution to identify short-lived abandonments and shifts in agricultural practices.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Agricultural practices, Land-use changes, Late Holocene, LOVE model, Pollen analysis, Southern Sweden
in
Vegetation History and Archaeobotany
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85061304727
ISSN
0939-6314
DOI
10.1007/s00334-019-00712-x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2787eb7f-0c66-4cd8-92f3-b6f39350f975
date added to LUP
2019-02-22 09:32:57
date last changed
2019-03-19 04:05:54
@article{2787eb7f-0c66-4cd8-92f3-b6f39350f975,
  abstract     = {<p>The aim of the study was to identify changes in agricultural practices and periods of agricultural expansion and regression during the last 1,300 years in the South-Swedish Uplands. Sediments from the small lake of Skärpingsgölen (1.2 ha) were used to quantify land-cover at a local scale (c. 1 km radius) in 50-year intervals based on pollen analysis and the LOVE model (Local Vegetation Estimates). The results showed a dramatic change in land-cover, starting c. ad 1150, from a grazed, deciduous woodland, dominated by Corylus, Betula and Quercus, to a semi-open landscape dominated by Picea and open agricultural land. A hamlet, situated next to the lake, was probably established during the 12th century, abandoned during the late medieval crisis (late 14th century) and re-colonized during the 16th century. High values of Cannabis-type pollen (up to 10% of the pollen sum) suggest that hemp retting was carried out in the lake from the 13th to the 17th centuries, while elevated levels of microscopic charcoal indicate that slash-and-burn cultivation was practiced during the early 14th and the 16th–18th centuries. The LRA-based estimates of vegetation show that the modern landscape, dominated by managed coniferous woodlands, is very different from the landscape only 50–100 years ago. This type of study is useful for comparisons with historical and archaeological records, and provides sufficient temporal and spatial resolution to identify short-lived abandonments and shifts in agricultural practices.</p>},
  author       = {Fredh, Erik Daniel and Lagerås, Per and Mazier, Florence and Björkman, Leif and Lindbladh, Matts and Broström, Anna},
  issn         = {0939-6314},
  keyword      = {Agricultural practices,Land-use changes,Late Holocene,LOVE model,Pollen analysis,Southern Sweden},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {02},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Vegetation History and Archaeobotany},
  title        = {Farm establishment, abandonment and agricultural practices during the last 1,300 years : a case study from southern Sweden based on pollen records and the LOVE model},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00334-019-00712-x},
  year         = {2019},
}