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Analysis of Animal Bedding Heterogeneity for Potential Use in Biorefineries Based on Farmyard Manure

Sanchis Sebastia, Miguel LU ; Erdei, Borbala LU ; Kovacs, Krisztina LU ; Galbe, Mats LU and Wallberg, Ola LU (2019) In Waste and Biomass Valorization
Abstract
Animal bedding, a mixture of straw and manure, could be used as a feedstock for bioenergy production, but its heterogeneity poses new challenges in its use in biorefineries. We have investigated the origin of this heterogeneity and quantified it, and discuss its impact on bioenergy production. Samples were collected from the bedding at different points and depths and analysed by first separating the manure from the straw by means of washing with water, and then determining the chemical composition of the liquid and solid fractions. The results supported our hypothesis that animal bedding behaves as a combination of several layers at different stages of degradation. Analysis revealed that the layers with higher organic content in the manure... (More)
Animal bedding, a mixture of straw and manure, could be used as a feedstock for bioenergy production, but its heterogeneity poses new challenges in its use in biorefineries. We have investigated the origin of this heterogeneity and quantified it, and discuss its impact on bioenergy production. Samples were collected from the bedding at different points and depths and analysed by first separating the manure from the straw by means of washing with water, and then determining the chemical composition of the liquid and solid fractions. The results supported our hypothesis that animal bedding behaves as a combination of several layers at different stages of degradation. Analysis revealed that the layers with higher organic content in the manure exhibited a poorer performance during the washing, since the residence time in the barn alters the washing profile of the organic fraction in the manure. It was also found that the variability in the composition of animal bedding was much greater than in other agricultural feedstocks: the manure content in animal bedding varied from 26 to 41%, and the content of fermentable carbohydrates varied by 20%. Total carbon and total nitrogen analyses showed that these changes in composition also affected the C/N ratio of the material, and thus its suitability as a feedstock for anaerobic digestion. This implies that the residence time in the barn affects not only the heterogeneity of the properties of animal bedding, but also the best way to process it in a biorefinery. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Animal bedding, Manure, Compositional analysis, Bioenergy
in
Waste and Biomass Valorization
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85059558624
ISSN
1877-2641
DOI
10.1007/s12649-018-00578-6
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
27fbf47d-5639-47ef-bb16-e99003aef540
date added to LUP
2019-01-11 15:56:23
date last changed
2019-02-20 11:42:50
@article{27fbf47d-5639-47ef-bb16-e99003aef540,
  abstract     = {Animal bedding, a mixture of straw and manure, could be used as a feedstock for bioenergy production, but its heterogeneity poses new challenges in its use in biorefineries. We have investigated the origin of this heterogeneity and quantified it, and discuss its impact on bioenergy production. Samples were collected from the bedding at different points and depths and analysed by first separating the manure from the straw by means of washing with water, and then determining the chemical composition of the liquid and solid fractions. The results supported our hypothesis that animal bedding behaves as a combination of several layers at different stages of degradation. Analysis revealed that the layers with higher organic content in the manure exhibited a poorer performance during the washing, since the residence time in the barn alters the washing profile of the organic fraction in the manure. It was also found that the variability in the composition of animal bedding was much greater than in other agricultural feedstocks: the manure content in animal bedding varied from 26 to 41%, and the content of fermentable carbohydrates varied by 20%. Total carbon and total nitrogen analyses showed that these changes in composition also affected the C/N ratio of the material, and thus its suitability as a feedstock for anaerobic digestion. This implies that the residence time in the barn affects not only the heterogeneity of the properties of animal bedding, but also the best way to process it in a biorefinery.},
  articleno    = {10.1007/s12649-018-00578-6},
  author       = {Sanchis Sebastia, Miguel and Erdei, Borbala and Kovacs, Krisztina and Galbe, Mats and Wallberg, Ola},
  issn         = {1877-2641},
  keyword      = {Animal bedding,Manure,Compositional analysis,Bioenergy},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Waste and Biomass Valorization},
  title        = {Analysis of Animal Bedding Heterogeneity for Potential Use in Biorefineries Based on Farmyard Manure},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12649-018-00578-6},
  year         = {2019},
}