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Computer Animated Relaxation Therapy in Children Between 7 and 13 Years with Tension-Type Headache: A Pilot Study

Tornöe, Birte LU and Skov, Liselotte (2012) In Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback 37(1). p.35-44
Abstract
This pilot study evaluated the effect of computer animated relaxation therapy in children between 7 and 13 years with tension-type headache and the children's experiences with the therapy. The therapy consisted of an uncontrolled nine-session course in modified progressive relaxation therapy assisted by computer animated surface EMG provided from the trapezius muscles and with the physiotherapist as a participant observer. Outcome measures were (a) headache frequency and intensity, (b) pericranial tenderness, (c) tension patterns, and (d) evaluations assessed at baseline and at 3 months follow up. Nine children, mean age 10.9 (SD 1.7) years, diagnosed with frequent episodic or chronic tension-type headache completed the course. The results... (More)
This pilot study evaluated the effect of computer animated relaxation therapy in children between 7 and 13 years with tension-type headache and the children's experiences with the therapy. The therapy consisted of an uncontrolled nine-session course in modified progressive relaxation therapy assisted by computer animated surface EMG provided from the trapezius muscles and with the physiotherapist as a participant observer. Outcome measures were (a) headache frequency and intensity, (b) pericranial tenderness, (c) tension patterns, and (d) evaluations assessed at baseline and at 3 months follow up. Nine children, mean age 10.9 (SD 1.7) years, diagnosed with frequent episodic or chronic tension-type headache completed the course. The results showed a mean improvement of 45% for headache frequency at 3 months follow up versus baseline and a significant reduction in headache frequency for all participants and in Total Tenderness Score for children with frequent episodic tension-type headache. The children expressed a growing understanding of body reactions and an acquired ability to deactivate and regulate these reactions. Computer animated SEMG seems an applicable learning strategy for young headache sufferers. This study suggests that children below the age of 13 need both the dialog and guidance from a participant observer in order to achieve body awareness. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Tension-type headache in children, Computer animated SEMG, Progressive, relaxation, Body awareness, Learning strategies
in
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
volume
37
issue
1
pages
35 - 44
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000303876500005
  • scopus:84863007677
ISSN
1573-3270
DOI
10.1007/s10484-011-9173-y
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
36a74bfe-9c14-4289-9db2-644a78f413a3 (old id 2826836)
date added to LUP
2012-07-03 10:25:54
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:17:27
@article{36a74bfe-9c14-4289-9db2-644a78f413a3,
  abstract     = {This pilot study evaluated the effect of computer animated relaxation therapy in children between 7 and 13 years with tension-type headache and the children's experiences with the therapy. The therapy consisted of an uncontrolled nine-session course in modified progressive relaxation therapy assisted by computer animated surface EMG provided from the trapezius muscles and with the physiotherapist as a participant observer. Outcome measures were (a) headache frequency and intensity, (b) pericranial tenderness, (c) tension patterns, and (d) evaluations assessed at baseline and at 3 months follow up. Nine children, mean age 10.9 (SD 1.7) years, diagnosed with frequent episodic or chronic tension-type headache completed the course. The results showed a mean improvement of 45% for headache frequency at 3 months follow up versus baseline and a significant reduction in headache frequency for all participants and in Total Tenderness Score for children with frequent episodic tension-type headache. The children expressed a growing understanding of body reactions and an acquired ability to deactivate and regulate these reactions. Computer animated SEMG seems an applicable learning strategy for young headache sufferers. This study suggests that children below the age of 13 need both the dialog and guidance from a participant observer in order to achieve body awareness.},
  author       = {Tornöe, Birte and Skov, Liselotte},
  issn         = {1573-3270},
  keyword      = {Tension-type headache in children,Computer animated SEMG,Progressive,relaxation,Body awareness,Learning strategies},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {35--44},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback},
  title        = {Computer Animated Relaxation Therapy in Children Between 7 and 13 Years with Tension-Type Headache: A Pilot Study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10484-011-9173-y},
  volume       = {37},
  year         = {2012},
}