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Isotopes and Human Burials at Viking Age Birka and the Mälaren Region, East Central Sweden

Gustin, Ingrid LU ; Price, Douglas T.; Arcini, Caroline; Drenzel, Leena and Kalmring, Sven (2017) In Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 49 (2018). p.19-38
Abstract (Swedish)
Isotopic proveniencing has been applied to human inhumations and cremations as well as fauna from the Viking Age site of Birka and the surrounding Mälaren region, located in east-central Sweden. Human enamel from inhumations has been measured for strontium, oxygen, and carbon isotope ratios (petrous bone from cremations was measured for strontium only) to obtain information on mobility and diet. Seven graves from the larger Mälaren region and several at Birka had distinctive grave goods thought to have originated in Finland. The isotopic values from these graves indicate that they may have been local individuals. The faunal remains from the Mälaren region corresponded closely with samples from Birka providing a baseline for strontium... (More)
Isotopic proveniencing has been applied to human inhumations and cremations as well as fauna from the Viking Age site of Birka and the surrounding Mälaren region, located in east-central Sweden. Human enamel from inhumations has been measured for strontium, oxygen, and carbon isotope ratios (petrous bone from cremations was measured for strontium only) to obtain information on mobility and diet. Seven graves from the larger Mälaren region and several at Birka had distinctive grave goods thought to have originated in Finland. The isotopic values from these graves indicate that they may have been local individuals. The faunal remains from the Mälaren region corresponded closely with samples from Birka providing a baseline for strontium isotopic ratios in this area. At the site of Birka, two distinct groups of burials can be identified among the measured values, along with several outliers. The data suggest that Birka was a multi-ethnic settlement in the Viking period, consistent with historical sources and concomitant with its role as an important center of economy and trade on the east coast of Sweden. (Less)
Abstract
Isotopic proveniencing has been applied to human inhumations and cremations as well as fauna from the Viking Age site of Birka and the surrounding Mälaren region, located in east-central Sweden. Human enamel from
inhumations has been measured for strontium, oxygen, and carbon isotope ratios (petrous bone from cremations was measured for strontium only) to obtain information on mobility and diet. Seven graves from the larger Mälaren region and several at Birka had distinctive grave goods thought to have originated in Finland. The isotopic values from these graves indicate that they may have been local individuals. The faunal remains from the Mälaren region corresponded closely with samples from Birka providing a baseline for strontium... (More)
Isotopic proveniencing has been applied to human inhumations and cremations as well as fauna from the Viking Age site of Birka and the surrounding Mälaren region, located in east-central Sweden. Human enamel from
inhumations has been measured for strontium, oxygen, and carbon isotope ratios (petrous bone from cremations was measured for strontium only) to obtain information on mobility and diet. Seven graves from the larger Mälaren region and several at Birka had distinctive grave goods thought to have originated in Finland. The isotopic values from these graves indicate that they may have been local individuals. The faunal remains from the Mälaren region corresponded closely with samples from Birka providing a baseline for strontium isotopic ratios in this area. At the site of Birka, two distinct groups of burials can be identified among the measured values, along with several outliers. The data suggest that Birka was a multi-ethnic settlement in the Viking period, consistent with historical sources and concomitant with its role as an important center of economy and trade on the east coast of Sweden. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Viking Age, Viking Age Scandinavia, Birka, Burials, Isotopes
in
Journal of Anthropological Archaeology
volume
49 (2018)
pages
19 - 38
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85036538081
DOI
10.1016/j.jaa.2017.10.002
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
285d4c71-49a3-453c-bc1e-12b6ec86f3fe
date added to LUP
2017-10-18 15:14:35
date last changed
2018-01-17 10:13:26
@article{285d4c71-49a3-453c-bc1e-12b6ec86f3fe,
  abstract     = {Isotopic proveniencing has been applied to human inhumations and cremations as well as fauna from the Viking Age site of Birka and the surrounding Mälaren region, located in east-central Sweden. Human enamel from<br/>inhumations has been measured for strontium, oxygen, and carbon isotope ratios (petrous bone from cremations was measured for strontium only) to obtain information on mobility and diet. Seven graves from the larger Mälaren region and several at Birka had distinctive grave goods thought to have originated in Finland. The isotopic values from these graves indicate that they may have been local individuals. The faunal remains from the Mälaren region corresponded closely with samples from Birka providing a baseline for strontium isotopic ratios in this area. At the site of Birka, two distinct groups of burials can be identified among the measured values, along with several outliers. The data suggest that Birka was a multi-ethnic settlement in the Viking period, consistent with historical sources and concomitant with its role as an important center of economy and trade on the east coast of Sweden.},
  author       = {Gustin, Ingrid and Price, Douglas T. and Arcini, Caroline and Drenzel, Leena and Kalmring, Sven},
  keyword      = {Viking Age,Viking Age Scandinavia,Birka,Burials,Isotopes},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {10},
  pages        = {19--38},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Anthropological Archaeology},
  title        = {Isotopes and Human Burials at Viking Age Birka and the Mälaren Region, East Central Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaa.2017.10.002},
  volume       = {49 (2018)},
  year         = {2017},
}