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Multiple Effects of Changes in Arctic Snow Cover

Callaghan, Terry V.; Johansson, Margareta LU ; Brown, Ross D.; Groisman, Pavel Ya; Labba, Niklas; Radionov, Vladimir; Bradley, Raymond S.; Blangy, Sylvie; Bulygina, Olga N. and Christensen, Torben LU , et al. (2011) In Ambio 40. p.32-45
Abstract
Snow cover plays a major role in the climate, hydrological and ecological systems of the Arctic and other regions through its influence on the surface energy balance (e.g. reflectivity), water balance (e.g. water storage and release), thermal regimes (e.g. insulation), vegetation and trace gas fluxes. Feedbacks to the climate system have global consequences. The livelihoods and well-being of Arctic residents and many services for the wider population depend on snow conditions so changes have important consequences. Already, changing snow conditions, particularly reduced summer soil moisture, winter thaw events and rain-on-snow conditions have negatively affected commercial forestry, reindeer herding, some wild animal populations and... (More)
Snow cover plays a major role in the climate, hydrological and ecological systems of the Arctic and other regions through its influence on the surface energy balance (e.g. reflectivity), water balance (e.g. water storage and release), thermal regimes (e.g. insulation), vegetation and trace gas fluxes. Feedbacks to the climate system have global consequences. The livelihoods and well-being of Arctic residents and many services for the wider population depend on snow conditions so changes have important consequences. Already, changing snow conditions, particularly reduced summer soil moisture, winter thaw events and rain-on-snow conditions have negatively affected commercial forestry, reindeer herding, some wild animal populations and vegetation. Reductions in snow cover are also adversely impacting indigenous peoples' access to traditional foods with negative impacts on human health and well-being. However, there are likely to be some benefits from a changing Arctic snow regime such as more even run-off from melting snow that favours hydropower operations. (Less)
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organization
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Climate, Snow, Arctic, Hydrology, Ecology, Albedo, Geochemical processes, cycling, Biogeochemical, Infrastructure, Tourism, Forestry, Human health, Indigenous cultures
in
Ambio
volume
40
pages
32 - 45
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000305284800005
  • scopus:84866336552
ISSN
0044-7447
DOI
10.1007/s13280-011-0213-x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8c2ece85-99e8-49f8-ac4a-44acd09c07fd (old id 2863420)
date added to LUP
2012-07-24 14:23:02
date last changed
2017-10-08 03:48:45
@article{8c2ece85-99e8-49f8-ac4a-44acd09c07fd,
  abstract     = {Snow cover plays a major role in the climate, hydrological and ecological systems of the Arctic and other regions through its influence on the surface energy balance (e.g. reflectivity), water balance (e.g. water storage and release), thermal regimes (e.g. insulation), vegetation and trace gas fluxes. Feedbacks to the climate system have global consequences. The livelihoods and well-being of Arctic residents and many services for the wider population depend on snow conditions so changes have important consequences. Already, changing snow conditions, particularly reduced summer soil moisture, winter thaw events and rain-on-snow conditions have negatively affected commercial forestry, reindeer herding, some wild animal populations and vegetation. Reductions in snow cover are also adversely impacting indigenous peoples' access to traditional foods with negative impacts on human health and well-being. However, there are likely to be some benefits from a changing Arctic snow regime such as more even run-off from melting snow that favours hydropower operations.},
  author       = {Callaghan, Terry V. and Johansson, Margareta and Brown, Ross D. and Groisman, Pavel Ya and Labba, Niklas and Radionov, Vladimir and Bradley, Raymond S. and Blangy, Sylvie and Bulygina, Olga N. and Christensen, Torben and Colman, Jonathan E. and Essery, Richard L. H. and Forbes, Bruce C. and Forchhammer, Mads C. and Golubev, Vladimir N. and Honrath, Richard E. and Juday, Glenn P. and Meshcherskaya, Anna V. and Phoenix, Gareth K. and Pomeroy, John and Rautio, Arja and Robinson, David A. and Schmidt, Niels M. and Serreze, Mark C. and Shevchenko, Vladimir P. and Shiklomanov, Alexander I. and Shmakin, Andrey B. and Skold, Peter and Sturm, Matthew and Woo, Ming-ko and Wood, Eric F.},
  issn         = {0044-7447},
  keyword      = {Climate,Snow,Arctic,Hydrology,Ecology,Albedo,Geochemical processes,cycling,Biogeochemical,Infrastructure,Tourism,Forestry,Human health,Indigenous cultures},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {32--45},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Ambio},
  title        = {Multiple Effects of Changes in Arctic Snow Cover},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13280-011-0213-x},
  volume       = {40},
  year         = {2011},
}