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Ecological Implications of Changes in the Arctic Cryosphere

Vincent, Warwick F.; Callaghan, Terry V.; Dahl-Jensen, Dorthe; Johansson, Margareta LU ; Kovacs, Kit M.; Michel, Christine; Prowse, Terry; Reist, James D. and Sharp, Martin (2011) In Ambio 40. p.87-99
Abstract
Snow, water, ice, and permafrost are showing evidence of substantial change in the Arctic, with large variations among different geographical areas. As a result of these changes, some habitats and their associated ecosystems are expanding, while others are undergoing rapid contraction. The warming of the Arctic cryosphere is limiting the range for cold-adapted biota, and less specialized taxa including invasive species from the south are likely to become increasingly common. Extreme climate events such as winter thawing are likely to become more frequent, and may accelerate shifts in community structure and processes. Many Arctic ecosystems are interdependent, and changes in the cryosphere are altering physical, biogeochemical, and... (More)
Snow, water, ice, and permafrost are showing evidence of substantial change in the Arctic, with large variations among different geographical areas. As a result of these changes, some habitats and their associated ecosystems are expanding, while others are undergoing rapid contraction. The warming of the Arctic cryosphere is limiting the range for cold-adapted biota, and less specialized taxa including invasive species from the south are likely to become increasingly common. Extreme climate events such as winter thawing are likely to become more frequent, and may accelerate shifts in community structure and processes. Many Arctic ecosystems are interdependent, and changes in the cryosphere are altering physical, biogeochemical, and biological linkages, as well as causing positive feedback effects on atmospheric warming. All of these climate-related effects are compounded by rapid socio-economic development in the North, creating additional challenges for northern communities and indigenous lifestyles that depend on Arctic ecosystem services. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Arctic Ocean, Biodiversity, Cryosphere, Polar ecosystems, Climate change
in
Ambio
volume
40
pages
87 - 99
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000305284800010
  • scopus:84866996938
ISSN
0044-7447
DOI
10.1007/s13280-011-0218-5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6e358c80-ad02-4b0c-a2c8-c32d212ed686 (old id 2863461)
date added to LUP
2012-07-24 14:21:57
date last changed
2017-08-13 03:55:51
@article{6e358c80-ad02-4b0c-a2c8-c32d212ed686,
  abstract     = {Snow, water, ice, and permafrost are showing evidence of substantial change in the Arctic, with large variations among different geographical areas. As a result of these changes, some habitats and their associated ecosystems are expanding, while others are undergoing rapid contraction. The warming of the Arctic cryosphere is limiting the range for cold-adapted biota, and less specialized taxa including invasive species from the south are likely to become increasingly common. Extreme climate events such as winter thawing are likely to become more frequent, and may accelerate shifts in community structure and processes. Many Arctic ecosystems are interdependent, and changes in the cryosphere are altering physical, biogeochemical, and biological linkages, as well as causing positive feedback effects on atmospheric warming. All of these climate-related effects are compounded by rapid socio-economic development in the North, creating additional challenges for northern communities and indigenous lifestyles that depend on Arctic ecosystem services.},
  author       = {Vincent, Warwick F. and Callaghan, Terry V. and Dahl-Jensen, Dorthe and Johansson, Margareta and Kovacs, Kit M. and Michel, Christine and Prowse, Terry and Reist, James D. and Sharp, Martin},
  issn         = {0044-7447},
  keyword      = {Arctic Ocean,Biodiversity,Cryosphere,Polar ecosystems,Climate change},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {87--99},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Ambio},
  title        = {Ecological Implications of Changes in the Arctic Cryosphere},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13280-011-0218-5},
  volume       = {40},
  year         = {2011},
}