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To fly or not to fly depending on winds: shorebird migration in different seasonal wind regimes

Grönroos, Johanna LU ; Green, Martin LU and Alerstam, Thomas LU (2012) In Animal Behaviour 83(6). p.1449-1457
Abstract
Migratory birds are predicted to adapt their departure to wind, changing their threshold of departure and selectivity of the most favourable winds in relation to the mean, scatter and skewness of the wind regime. The optimal departure behaviour depends also on the importance of time and energy minimization during migration and on the ratio of cost of flight to cost of resting and waiting for more favourable winds. We compared departure and flight activity of shorebirds migrating in contrasting wind regimes during autumn (high probability of wind resistance) and spring (high probability of wind assistance) in southern Scandinavia, using data obtained by radiotelemetry, radar tracking and visual observations. The shorebirds changed their... (More)
Migratory birds are predicted to adapt their departure to wind, changing their threshold of departure and selectivity of the most favourable winds in relation to the mean, scatter and skewness of the wind regime. The optimal departure behaviour depends also on the importance of time and energy minimization during migration and on the ratio of cost of flight to cost of resting and waiting for more favourable winds. We compared departure and flight activity of shorebirds migrating in contrasting wind regimes during autumn (high probability of wind resistance) and spring (high probability of wind assistance) in southern Scandinavia, using data obtained by radiotelemetry, radar tracking and visual observations. The shorebirds changed their threshold for departure in relation to wind between the two seasons, flying almost exclusively with wind assistance in spring but regularly with wind resistance during autumn. The degree of wind selectivity in relation to the distributions of available wind effects was similar during autumn and spring indicating that reducing time and energy costs for migration was important during both seasons. These results demonstrate that migratory birds change departure behaviour in relation to the prevailing wind regime. It remains unknown whether they change behaviour not only seasonally but also in different zones along the migration route and whether they respond to differences not only in mean wind conditions but also in scatter and skewness between wind regimes. Our study indicates the possible existence of an adaptive flexibility in responses to wind regimes among migratory birds. (c) 2012 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
departure decision, migration, radar, radiotelemetry, shorebird, wind, wind selectivity
in
Animal Behaviour
volume
83
issue
6
pages
1449 - 1457
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000305082200019
  • scopus:84861855036
ISSN
1095-8282
DOI
10.1016/j.anbehav.2012.03.017
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c844b8cf-7883-4fee-9974-e85cd73dba3f (old id 2896864)
date added to LUP
2012-07-24 11:24:22
date last changed
2017-11-05 03:23:11
@article{c844b8cf-7883-4fee-9974-e85cd73dba3f,
  abstract     = {Migratory birds are predicted to adapt their departure to wind, changing their threshold of departure and selectivity of the most favourable winds in relation to the mean, scatter and skewness of the wind regime. The optimal departure behaviour depends also on the importance of time and energy minimization during migration and on the ratio of cost of flight to cost of resting and waiting for more favourable winds. We compared departure and flight activity of shorebirds migrating in contrasting wind regimes during autumn (high probability of wind resistance) and spring (high probability of wind assistance) in southern Scandinavia, using data obtained by radiotelemetry, radar tracking and visual observations. The shorebirds changed their threshold for departure in relation to wind between the two seasons, flying almost exclusively with wind assistance in spring but regularly with wind resistance during autumn. The degree of wind selectivity in relation to the distributions of available wind effects was similar during autumn and spring indicating that reducing time and energy costs for migration was important during both seasons. These results demonstrate that migratory birds change departure behaviour in relation to the prevailing wind regime. It remains unknown whether they change behaviour not only seasonally but also in different zones along the migration route and whether they respond to differences not only in mean wind conditions but also in scatter and skewness between wind regimes. Our study indicates the possible existence of an adaptive flexibility in responses to wind regimes among migratory birds. (c) 2012 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Grönroos, Johanna and Green, Martin and Alerstam, Thomas},
  issn         = {1095-8282},
  keyword      = {departure decision,migration,radar,radiotelemetry,shorebird,wind,wind selectivity},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1449--1457},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Animal Behaviour},
  title        = {To fly or not to fly depending on winds: shorebird migration in different seasonal wind regimes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2012.03.017},
  volume       = {83},
  year         = {2012},
}