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High-pressure phase transitions in tetrakis(trimethylsilyl)silane Si[Si(CH3)(3)](4)

Wunschel, M; Dinnebier, RE; Carlson, Stefan LU and Van Smaalen, S (2003) In High Pressure Research 23(4). p.425-437
Abstract
The compound tetrakis(trimethylsilyl)silane S-i[Si(CH3,)(3)](4) (TSi) has been studied at room temperature for pressures up to 2 1.5(1) GPa, using X-ray powder diffraction with synchrotron radiation. Three different phases are reported in the investigated pressure range. The c.c.p.-type structure is stable up to a pressure of 0.19(1) GPa (Fm (3) over barm, a = 13.52110)Angstrom, V = 2471.95(1)Angstrom(3), Z = 4 at 0.02(1)GPa). It shows a severe orientational disorder of the molecules. At pressures 0.19(1)-0.71(1)GPa a monoclinic phase (HP1) is found with space group P2(1)/n and Z=8 (a = 17.746(1)Angstrom, b = 16.098(1)Angstrom, c= 16.871(1)Angstrom, gamma = 111.437(5)degrees and V = 4486.3(8) Angstrom(3) at 0.24(1)GPa). Another monoclinic... (More)
The compound tetrakis(trimethylsilyl)silane S-i[Si(CH3,)(3)](4) (TSi) has been studied at room temperature for pressures up to 2 1.5(1) GPa, using X-ray powder diffraction with synchrotron radiation. Three different phases are reported in the investigated pressure range. The c.c.p.-type structure is stable up to a pressure of 0.19(1) GPa (Fm (3) over barm, a = 13.52110)Angstrom, V = 2471.95(1)Angstrom(3), Z = 4 at 0.02(1)GPa). It shows a severe orientational disorder of the molecules. At pressures 0.19(1)-0.71(1)GPa a monoclinic phase (HP1) is found with space group P2(1)/n and Z=8 (a = 17.746(1)Angstrom, b = 16.098(1)Angstrom, c= 16.871(1)Angstrom, gamma = 111.437(5)degrees and V = 4486.3(8) Angstrom(3) at 0.24(1)GPa). Another monoclinic phase (HP2) exists at pressures 0.52(1)-8.67(5)GPa. This phase has a smaller unit cell than the HP1 phase with Z(.)=2 (a =8.3778(8)Angstrom, b=9.1050(7)Angstrom, c= 13.3024(8)Angstrom, gamma= 111.63(1)degrees and V = 943.22(6) Angstrom(3) at 1.73(2)GPa). The pressure dependencies of the unit-cell volumes are successfully described by Mumaghan or Vinet-type equations of state. The structures at different pressures and temperatures of TSi and related compounds are described as distorted superstructures of the c.c.p. arrangement. The occurrence of different superstructures is rationalized as the result of an optimized packing of ordered molecules of various shapes. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
molecular crystal, diffraction, X-ray powder, tetrakis(trimethylsilyl)silane, high-pressure, rotator phase, plastic crystal
in
High Pressure Research
volume
23
issue
4
pages
425 - 437
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • wos:000188212800006
  • scopus:2542486397
ISSN
1477-2299
DOI
10.1080/0895795031000114377
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ad1e87e6-2917-48d8-ac37-bd54eb925747 (old id 289737)
date added to LUP
2007-09-24 09:41:35
date last changed
2018-05-29 11:26:19
@article{ad1e87e6-2917-48d8-ac37-bd54eb925747,
  abstract     = {The compound tetrakis(trimethylsilyl)silane S-i[Si(CH3,)(3)](4) (TSi) has been studied at room temperature for pressures up to 2 1.5(1) GPa, using X-ray powder diffraction with synchrotron radiation. Three different phases are reported in the investigated pressure range. The c.c.p.-type structure is stable up to a pressure of 0.19(1) GPa (Fm (3) over barm, a = 13.52110)Angstrom, V = 2471.95(1)Angstrom(3), Z = 4 at 0.02(1)GPa). It shows a severe orientational disorder of the molecules. At pressures 0.19(1)-0.71(1)GPa a monoclinic phase (HP1) is found with space group P2(1)/n and Z=8 (a = 17.746(1)Angstrom, b = 16.098(1)Angstrom, c= 16.871(1)Angstrom, gamma = 111.437(5)degrees and V = 4486.3(8) Angstrom(3) at 0.24(1)GPa). Another monoclinic phase (HP2) exists at pressures 0.52(1)-8.67(5)GPa. This phase has a smaller unit cell than the HP1 phase with Z(.)=2 (a =8.3778(8)Angstrom, b=9.1050(7)Angstrom, c= 13.3024(8)Angstrom, gamma= 111.63(1)degrees and V = 943.22(6) Angstrom(3) at 1.73(2)GPa). The pressure dependencies of the unit-cell volumes are successfully described by Mumaghan or Vinet-type equations of state. The structures at different pressures and temperatures of TSi and related compounds are described as distorted superstructures of the c.c.p. arrangement. The occurrence of different superstructures is rationalized as the result of an optimized packing of ordered molecules of various shapes.},
  author       = {Wunschel, M and Dinnebier, RE and Carlson, Stefan and Van Smaalen, S},
  issn         = {1477-2299},
  keyword      = {molecular crystal,diffraction,X-ray powder,tetrakis(trimethylsilyl)silane,high-pressure,rotator phase,plastic crystal},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {425--437},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {High Pressure Research},
  title        = {High-pressure phase transitions in tetrakis(trimethylsilyl)silane Si[Si(CH3)(3)](4)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0895795031000114377},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2003},
}