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Sharing research tools in academia : the case of Japan

Shibayama, Sotaro LU and Baba, Yasunori (2011) In Science and Public Policy 38(8). p.649-659
Abstract

This study examines the sharing of research tools among academic scientists in the life sciences and materials sciences in Japan. First, this study investigates material transfer, or the sharing of research tools, based on individual-level negotiation. Statistical analyses suggest that supplier-side scientists decide whether or not to fulfill requests for material transfer on the basis of: expected return from consumer- side scientists (e.g., co-authorship), previous collaborative relationships, and the likelihood of scientific competition. Although studies in the US have indicated that the trend of academic capitalism or commercialization deters material transfer, our results show limited negative impact in this regard. Second, this... (More)

This study examines the sharing of research tools among academic scientists in the life sciences and materials sciences in Japan. First, this study investigates material transfer, or the sharing of research tools, based on individual-level negotiation. Statistical analyses suggest that supplier-side scientists decide whether or not to fulfill requests for material transfer on the basis of: expected return from consumer- side scientists (e.g., co-authorship), previous collaborative relationships, and the likelihood of scientific competition. Although studies in the US have indicated that the trend of academic capitalism or commercialization deters material transfer, our results show limited negative impact in this regard. Second, this study examines the use of central repositories of research tools as a means to the wider dissemination of such tools. The results suggest that entrepreneurial scientists and scientists in public research organizations are more willing to provide their research tools through this publicly accessible system.

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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Science and Public Policy
volume
38
issue
8
pages
11 pages
publisher
Oxford University Press
external identifiers
  • scopus:80053181995
ISSN
0302-3427
DOI
10.3152/030234211X13122939587699
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
28d71134-7b20-4dca-9760-c0064302ffc8
date added to LUP
2017-04-13 17:49:17
date last changed
2017-04-19 13:18:59
@article{28d71134-7b20-4dca-9760-c0064302ffc8,
  abstract     = {<p>This study examines the sharing of research tools among academic scientists in the life sciences and materials sciences in Japan. First, this study investigates material transfer, or the sharing of research tools, based on individual-level negotiation. Statistical analyses suggest that supplier-side scientists decide whether or not to fulfill requests for material transfer on the basis of: expected return from consumer- side scientists (e.g., co-authorship), previous collaborative relationships, and the likelihood of scientific competition. Although studies in the US have indicated that the trend of academic capitalism or commercialization deters material transfer, our results show limited negative impact in this regard. Second, this study examines the use of central repositories of research tools as a means to the wider dissemination of such tools. The results suggest that entrepreneurial scientists and scientists in public research organizations are more willing to provide their research tools through this publicly accessible system.</p>},
  author       = {Shibayama, Sotaro and Baba, Yasunori},
  issn         = {0302-3427},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {649--659},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {Science and Public Policy},
  title        = {Sharing research tools in academia : the case of Japan},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3152/030234211X13122939587699},
  volume       = {38},
  year         = {2011},
}