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Galectin-3 deficiency prevents concanavalin A-induced hepatitis in mice

Volarevic, Vladislav; Milovanovic, Marija; Ljujic, Biljana; Pejnovic, Nada; Arsenijevic, Nebojsa; Nilsson, Ulf LU ; Leffler, Hakon and Lukic, Miodrag L. (2012) In Hepatology 55(6). p.1954-1964
Abstract
We used concanavalin A (Con A)-induced liver injury to study the role of galectin-3 (Gal-3) in the induction of inflammatory pathology and hepatocellular damage. We tested susceptibility to Con Ainduced hepatitis in galectin-3-deficient (Gal-3-/-) mice and analyzed the effects of pretreatment with a selective inhibitor of Gal-3 (TD139) in wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 mice, as evaluated by a liver enzyme test, quantitative histology, mononuclear cell (MNC) infiltration, cytokine production, intracellular staining of immune cells, and percentage of apoptotic MNCs in the liver. Gal-3-/- mice were less sensitive to Con Ainduced hepatitis and had a significantly lower number of activated lymphoid and dendritic cells (DCs) in the liver. The level of... (More)
We used concanavalin A (Con A)-induced liver injury to study the role of galectin-3 (Gal-3) in the induction of inflammatory pathology and hepatocellular damage. We tested susceptibility to Con Ainduced hepatitis in galectin-3-deficient (Gal-3-/-) mice and analyzed the effects of pretreatment with a selective inhibitor of Gal-3 (TD139) in wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 mice, as evaluated by a liver enzyme test, quantitative histology, mononuclear cell (MNC) infiltration, cytokine production, intracellular staining of immune cells, and percentage of apoptotic MNCs in the liver. Gal-3-/- mice were less sensitive to Con Ainduced hepatitis and had a significantly lower number of activated lymphoid and dendritic cells (DCs) in the liver. The level of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFa), interferon gamma (IFN?), and interleukin (IL)-17 and -4 in the sera and the number of TNFa-, IFN?-, and IL-17- and -4-producing cluster of differentiation (CD)4+ cells as well as IL-12-producing CD11c+ DCs were lower, whereas the number of IL-10-producing CD4+ T cells and F4/80+ macrophages were significantly higher in livers of Gal-3-/- mice. Significantly higher percentages of late apoptotic Annexin V+ propidium-idodide+ liver-infiltrating MNCs and splenocytes were observed in Gal-3-/- mice, compared to WT mice. Pretreatment of WT C57BL/6 mice with TD139 led to the attenuation of liver injury and milder infiltration of IFN?- and IL-17- and -4-producing CD4+ T cells, as well as an increase in the total number of IL-10-producing CD4+ T cells and F4/80+ CD206+ alternatively activated macrophages and prevented the apoptosis of liver-infiltrating MNCs. Conclusions: Gal-3 plays an important proinflammatory role in Con Ainduced hepatitis by promoting the activation of T lymphocytes and natural killer T cells, maturation of DCs, secretion of proinflammatory cytokines, down-regulation of M2 macrophage polarization, and apoptosis of MNCs in the liver. (HEPATOLOGY 2012;55:19541964) (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Hepatology
volume
55
issue
6
pages
1954 - 1964
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • wos:000304530200032
  • scopus:84861574827
ISSN
1527-3350
DOI
10.1002/hep.25542
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b5da7c3c-ffb1-4b07-8e43-0c1b1fc2f0e0 (old id 2906506)
date added to LUP
2012-08-01 09:46:14
date last changed
2017-10-22 04:01:42
@article{b5da7c3c-ffb1-4b07-8e43-0c1b1fc2f0e0,
  abstract     = {We used concanavalin A (Con A)-induced liver injury to study the role of galectin-3 (Gal-3) in the induction of inflammatory pathology and hepatocellular damage. We tested susceptibility to Con Ainduced hepatitis in galectin-3-deficient (Gal-3-/-) mice and analyzed the effects of pretreatment with a selective inhibitor of Gal-3 (TD139) in wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 mice, as evaluated by a liver enzyme test, quantitative histology, mononuclear cell (MNC) infiltration, cytokine production, intracellular staining of immune cells, and percentage of apoptotic MNCs in the liver. Gal-3-/- mice were less sensitive to Con Ainduced hepatitis and had a significantly lower number of activated lymphoid and dendritic cells (DCs) in the liver. The level of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFa), interferon gamma (IFN?), and interleukin (IL)-17 and -4 in the sera and the number of TNFa-, IFN?-, and IL-17- and -4-producing cluster of differentiation (CD)4+ cells as well as IL-12-producing CD11c+ DCs were lower, whereas the number of IL-10-producing CD4+ T cells and F4/80+ macrophages were significantly higher in livers of Gal-3-/- mice. Significantly higher percentages of late apoptotic Annexin V+ propidium-idodide+ liver-infiltrating MNCs and splenocytes were observed in Gal-3-/- mice, compared to WT mice. Pretreatment of WT C57BL/6 mice with TD139 led to the attenuation of liver injury and milder infiltration of IFN?- and IL-17- and -4-producing CD4+ T cells, as well as an increase in the total number of IL-10-producing CD4+ T cells and F4/80+ CD206+ alternatively activated macrophages and prevented the apoptosis of liver-infiltrating MNCs. Conclusions: Gal-3 plays an important proinflammatory role in Con Ainduced hepatitis by promoting the activation of T lymphocytes and natural killer T cells, maturation of DCs, secretion of proinflammatory cytokines, down-regulation of M2 macrophage polarization, and apoptosis of MNCs in the liver. (HEPATOLOGY 2012;55:19541964)},
  author       = {Volarevic, Vladislav and Milovanovic, Marija and Ljujic, Biljana and Pejnovic, Nada and Arsenijevic, Nebojsa and Nilsson, Ulf and Leffler, Hakon and Lukic, Miodrag L.},
  issn         = {1527-3350},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1954--1964},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {Hepatology},
  title        = {Galectin-3 deficiency prevents concanavalin A-induced hepatitis in mice},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hep.25542},
  volume       = {55},
  year         = {2012},
}