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Total and Gleason grade 4/5 cancer volumes are major contributors of human kallikrein 2, whereas free prostate specific antigen is largely contributed by benign gland volume in serum from patients with prostate cancer or benign prostatic biopsies

Haese, A; Graefen, M; Steuber, T; Becker, Charlotte LU ; Noldus, J; Erbersdobler, A; Huland, E; Huland, H and Lilja, Hans LU (2003) In Journal of Urology 170(6). p.2269-2273
Abstract
Purpose: We measured concentrations of human glandular kallikrein 2 (hK2), total prostate specific antigen (tPSA), free PSA (fPSA) and percent fPSA to evaluate their relationship to total prostate gland volume, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) volume, total prostate cancer (PCa) volume (CaVol) and the volume of Gleason grades 4/5 cancer (CaVolG14) in the serum of 256 patients with PCa undergoing radical retropubic prostatectomy and 185 with negative systematic sextant biopsies. Materials and Methods: Free and total PSA was measured using the Delfia Prostatus (Perkin-Elmer, Turku, Finland) total/free PSA assay and hK2 was measured using a research immunofluorometric assay. Transrectal ultrasound was used to determine total prostate and... (More)
Purpose: We measured concentrations of human glandular kallikrein 2 (hK2), total prostate specific antigen (tPSA), free PSA (fPSA) and percent fPSA to evaluate their relationship to total prostate gland volume, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) volume, total prostate cancer (PCa) volume (CaVol) and the volume of Gleason grades 4/5 cancer (CaVolG14) in the serum of 256 patients with PCa undergoing radical retropubic prostatectomy and 185 with negative systematic sextant biopsies. Materials and Methods: Free and total PSA was measured using the Delfia Prostatus (Perkin-Elmer, Turku, Finland) total/free PSA assay and hK2 was measured using a research immunofluorometric assay. Transrectal ultrasound was used to determine total prostate and BPH volume. Total CaVol and CaVolG14/5 were calculated using a volumetric program in specimens from 158 men with pT2a/b and 98 with pT3a or greater PCa. The Pearson correlation was performed after logarithmic conversion of PSA and hK2 levels. Benign gland, and pT2a/b and pT3a or greater PCa cases were subdivided into small vs large prostate gland volumes (42 cc or less vs greater than 42 cc). Results: Total prostate and BPH volumes correlated closely with free PSA (r=0.64 to 0.65, p<0.0001) in 143 patients with negative biopsy and a prostate of greater than 42 cc. Correlations of hK2 and tPSA with total prostate and BPH volumes were weaker (r=0.35 to 0.36 and 0.45 to 0.46, respectively). In pT2a/b and pT3a or greater PCa cases hK2 most closely correlated with CaVol (range 0.31 to 0.62, p=0.0072 and <0.0001) and with CaVolG14/5 (range 0.26 to 0.56, p=0.021 and <0.0001, respectively). The tPSA level correlated significantly with CaVol and CaVolG14/5 except in glands 42 cc or greater harboring pT2a/b PCa (p=0.08). Free PSA correlated significantly with CaVolG14/5 only in pT3a or greater PCa (p<0.05), and with CaVol in pT3a or greater PCa and in small prostates harboring pT2a/b PCa. Conclusions: Large benign prostate gland volume affects fPSA more than tPSA in serum. In PCa hK2 more closely correlates with total cancer volume and high grade PCa volume compared with tPSA or fPSA. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
kallikreins, tissue, prostatic neoplasms, prostate, prostate-specific antigen, prostatic hyperplasia
in
Journal of Urology
volume
170
issue
6
pages
2269 - 2273
publisher
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
external identifiers
  • wos:000186529000024
  • pmid:14634394
  • scopus:0242440223
ISSN
1527-3792
DOI
10.1097/01.ju.0000095794.04551.0c
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7dcd4ee5-5ae9-44c9-bd61-b4ff17c93b3d (old id 295980)
date added to LUP
2007-09-03 13:33:02
date last changed
2018-10-03 11:34:13
@article{7dcd4ee5-5ae9-44c9-bd61-b4ff17c93b3d,
  abstract     = {Purpose: We measured concentrations of human glandular kallikrein 2 (hK2), total prostate specific antigen (tPSA), free PSA (fPSA) and percent fPSA to evaluate their relationship to total prostate gland volume, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) volume, total prostate cancer (PCa) volume (CaVol) and the volume of Gleason grades 4/5 cancer (CaVolG14) in the serum of 256 patients with PCa undergoing radical retropubic prostatectomy and 185 with negative systematic sextant biopsies. Materials and Methods: Free and total PSA was measured using the Delfia Prostatus (Perkin-Elmer, Turku, Finland) total/free PSA assay and hK2 was measured using a research immunofluorometric assay. Transrectal ultrasound was used to determine total prostate and BPH volume. Total CaVol and CaVolG14/5 were calculated using a volumetric program in specimens from 158 men with pT2a/b and 98 with pT3a or greater PCa. The Pearson correlation was performed after logarithmic conversion of PSA and hK2 levels. Benign gland, and pT2a/b and pT3a or greater PCa cases were subdivided into small vs large prostate gland volumes (42 cc or less vs greater than 42 cc). Results: Total prostate and BPH volumes correlated closely with free PSA (r=0.64 to 0.65, p&lt;0.0001) in 143 patients with negative biopsy and a prostate of greater than 42 cc. Correlations of hK2 and tPSA with total prostate and BPH volumes were weaker (r=0.35 to 0.36 and 0.45 to 0.46, respectively). In pT2a/b and pT3a or greater PCa cases hK2 most closely correlated with CaVol (range 0.31 to 0.62, p=0.0072 and &lt;0.0001) and with CaVolG14/5 (range 0.26 to 0.56, p=0.021 and &lt;0.0001, respectively). The tPSA level correlated significantly with CaVol and CaVolG14/5 except in glands 42 cc or greater harboring pT2a/b PCa (p=0.08). Free PSA correlated significantly with CaVolG14/5 only in pT3a or greater PCa (p&lt;0.05), and with CaVol in pT3a or greater PCa and in small prostates harboring pT2a/b PCa. Conclusions: Large benign prostate gland volume affects fPSA more than tPSA in serum. In PCa hK2 more closely correlates with total cancer volume and high grade PCa volume compared with tPSA or fPSA.},
  author       = {Haese, A and Graefen, M and Steuber, T and Becker, Charlotte and Noldus, J and Erbersdobler, A and Huland, E and Huland, H and Lilja, Hans},
  issn         = {1527-3792},
  keyword      = {kallikreins,tissue,prostatic neoplasms,prostate,prostate-specific antigen,prostatic hyperplasia},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {2269--2273},
  publisher    = {Lippincott Williams & Wilkins},
  series       = {Journal of Urology},
  title        = {Total and Gleason grade 4/5 cancer volumes are major contributors of human kallikrein 2, whereas free prostate specific antigen is largely contributed by benign gland volume in serum from patients with prostate cancer or benign prostatic biopsies},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.ju.0000095794.04551.0c},
  volume       = {170},
  year         = {2003},
}