Advanced

Molecular systematics of the subfamily Limenitidinae (Lepidoptera : Nymphalidae)

Dhungel, Bidur and Wahlberg, Niklas LU (2018) In PeerJ 2018(2).
Abstract

We studied the systematics of the subfamily Limenitidinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) using molecular methods to reconstruct a robust phylogenetic hypothesis. The molecular data matrix comprised 205 Limenitidinae species, four outgroups, and 11,327 aligned nucleotide sites using up to 18 genes per species of which seven genes (CycY, Exp1, Nex9, PolII, ProSup, PSb and UDPG6DH) have not previously been used in phylogenetic studies. We recovered the monophyly of the subfamily Limenitidinae and seven higher clades corresponding to four traditional tribes Parthenini, Adoliadini, Neptini, Limenitidini as well as three additional independent lineages. One contains the genera Harma C Cymothoe and likely a third, Bhagadatta, and the other two... (More)

We studied the systematics of the subfamily Limenitidinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) using molecular methods to reconstruct a robust phylogenetic hypothesis. The molecular data matrix comprised 205 Limenitidinae species, four outgroups, and 11,327 aligned nucleotide sites using up to 18 genes per species of which seven genes (CycY, Exp1, Nex9, PolII, ProSup, PSb and UDPG6DH) have not previously been used in phylogenetic studies. We recovered the monophyly of the subfamily Limenitidinae and seven higher clades corresponding to four traditional tribes Parthenini, Adoliadini, Neptini, Limenitidini as well as three additional independent lineages. One contains the genera Harma C Cymothoe and likely a third, Bhagadatta, and the other two independent lineages lead to Pseudoneptis and to Pseudacraea. These independent lineages are circumscribed as new tribes. Parthenini was recovered as sister to rest of Limenitidinae, but the relationships of the remaining six lineages were ambiguous. A number of genera were found to be non-monophyletic, with Pantoporia, Euthalia, Athyma, and Parasarpa being polyphyletic, whereas Limenitis, Neptis, Bebearia, Euryphura, and Adelpha were paraphyletic.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Classification, Lepidoptera, Limenitidinae, New tribe, Nymphalidae, Systematics
in
PeerJ
volume
2018
issue
2
publisher
PeerJ
external identifiers
  • scopus:85041357629
ISSN
2167-8359
DOI
10.7717/peerj.4311
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2a34e771-0408-44b9-bc64-78f2ec6cd49f
date added to LUP
2018-02-12 12:46:40
date last changed
2018-02-13 03:00:03
@article{2a34e771-0408-44b9-bc64-78f2ec6cd49f,
  abstract     = {<p>We studied the systematics of the subfamily Limenitidinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) using molecular methods to reconstruct a robust phylogenetic hypothesis. The molecular data matrix comprised 205 Limenitidinae species, four outgroups, and 11,327 aligned nucleotide sites using up to 18 genes per species of which seven genes (CycY, Exp1, Nex9, PolII, ProSup, PSb and UDPG6DH) have not previously been used in phylogenetic studies. We recovered the monophyly of the subfamily Limenitidinae and seven higher clades corresponding to four traditional tribes Parthenini, Adoliadini, Neptini, Limenitidini as well as three additional independent lineages. One contains the genera Harma C Cymothoe and likely a third, Bhagadatta, and the other two independent lineages lead to Pseudoneptis and to Pseudacraea. These independent lineages are circumscribed as new tribes. Parthenini was recovered as sister to rest of Limenitidinae, but the relationships of the remaining six lineages were ambiguous. A number of genera were found to be non-monophyletic, with Pantoporia, Euthalia, Athyma, and Parasarpa being polyphyletic, whereas Limenitis, Neptis, Bebearia, Euryphura, and Adelpha were paraphyletic.</p>},
  articleno    = {e4325},
  author       = {Dhungel, Bidur and Wahlberg, Niklas},
  issn         = {2167-8359},
  keyword      = {Classification,Lepidoptera,Limenitidinae,New tribe,Nymphalidae,Systematics},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  publisher    = {PeerJ},
  series       = {PeerJ},
  title        = {Molecular systematics of the subfamily Limenitidinae (Lepidoptera : Nymphalidae)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.4311},
  volume       = {2018},
  year         = {2018},
}