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Vocational outcome 6–15 years after a traumatic brain injury

Lexell, J. LU ; Whilney, A. K. and Jacobsson, L. J. LU (2016) In Brain Injury 30(8). p.969-974
Abstract

Primary objective: To describe vocational outcome 6–15 years after a traumatic brain injury (TBI) among individuals who were productive by working or studying at the time of their TBI and determine associations with variables related to the time of injury and at follow-up. Methods and procedures: Thirty-four individuals with a mild TBI and 45 with a moderate-to-severe TBI were assessed on average 10 years post-injury. Logistic regression was used to determine the association between their current vocational situation and variables related to the time of injury (gender, age, injury severity and educational level) and at follow-up (time since injury, marital status and overall disability). Results: A total of 67% were productive at... (More)

Primary objective: To describe vocational outcome 6–15 years after a traumatic brain injury (TBI) among individuals who were productive by working or studying at the time of their TBI and determine associations with variables related to the time of injury and at follow-up. Methods and procedures: Thirty-four individuals with a mild TBI and 45 with a moderate-to-severe TBI were assessed on average 10 years post-injury. Logistic regression was used to determine the association between their current vocational situation and variables related to the time of injury (gender, age, injury severity and educational level) and at follow-up (time since injury, marital status and overall disability). Results: A total of 67% were productive at follow-up. Age at injury, injury severity and the degree of disability at follow-up were strongly associated with being productive. Younger individuals with milder TBI and less severe disability were significantly more likely to be fully productive. No significant associations were found between productivity and gender, education, time since injury or marital status. Conclusions: This study indicates that return to productivity in a long-term perspective after a TBI is possible, in particular when the individual is young, has sustained a mild TBI and has a milder form of overall disability.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Brain injuries, employment, long-term outcome, occupations, rehabilitation, vocational
in
Brain Injury
volume
30
issue
8
pages
969 - 974
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84969179614
ISSN
0269-9052
DOI
10.3109/02699052.2016.1148196
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2a518796-7a09-4ad6-9a06-e95b222500b2
date added to LUP
2016-05-31 15:56:19
date last changed
2017-01-17 11:54:25
@article{2a518796-7a09-4ad6-9a06-e95b222500b2,
  abstract     = {<p>Primary objective: To describe vocational outcome 6–15 years after a traumatic brain injury (TBI) among individuals who were productive by working or studying at the time of their TBI and determine associations with variables related to the time of injury and at follow-up. Methods and procedures: Thirty-four individuals with a mild TBI and 45 with a moderate-to-severe TBI were assessed on average 10 years post-injury. Logistic regression was used to determine the association between their current vocational situation and variables related to the time of injury (gender, age, injury severity and educational level) and at follow-up (time since injury, marital status and overall disability). Results: A total of 67% were productive at follow-up. Age at injury, injury severity and the degree of disability at follow-up were strongly associated with being productive. Younger individuals with milder TBI and less severe disability were significantly more likely to be fully productive. No significant associations were found between productivity and gender, education, time since injury or marital status. Conclusions: This study indicates that return to productivity in a long-term perspective after a TBI is possible, in particular when the individual is young, has sustained a mild TBI and has a milder form of overall disability.</p>},
  author       = {Lexell, J. and Whilney, A. K. and Jacobsson, L. J.},
  issn         = {0269-9052},
  keyword      = {Brain injuries,employment,long-term outcome,occupations,rehabilitation,vocational},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {969--974},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Brain Injury},
  title        = {Vocational outcome 6–15 years after a traumatic brain injury},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/02699052.2016.1148196},
  volume       = {30},
  year         = {2016},
}