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Experimental and numerical investigation on fire behaviour of foam/fabric composites

Flecknoe-Brown, Konrad Wilkens LU ; Livkiss, Karlis LU and Van Hees, Patrick LU (2017) 15th International Conference and Exhibition on Fire and Materials 2017 In 15th International Conference and Exhibition on Fire and Materials 2017 1. p.240-253
Abstract

Upholstered furniture is a major contributor to the fuel load in a fire compartment. Modelling the fire behaviour of upholstered furniture would support performance based fire safety engineering, by allowing the specification of realistic fire scenarios. Modelling upholstered furniture composites in cone calorimeter test conditions is undertaken to validate fundamental assumptions about the fire behaviour of these combinations, without including complexities of a real sized system (e.g. constructional details of mattresses or sofas). Kinetic parameters were taken from micro combustion calorimeter tests and thermal properties were taken from literature and optimised using individual material cone calorimeter tests. A novel methodology of... (More)

Upholstered furniture is a major contributor to the fuel load in a fire compartment. Modelling the fire behaviour of upholstered furniture would support performance based fire safety engineering, by allowing the specification of realistic fire scenarios. Modelling upholstered furniture composites in cone calorimeter test conditions is undertaken to validate fundamental assumptions about the fire behaviour of these combinations, without including complexities of a real sized system (e.g. constructional details of mattresses or sofas). Kinetic parameters were taken from micro combustion calorimeter tests and thermal properties were taken from literature and optimised using individual material cone calorimeter tests. A novel methodology of sample preparation was proposed for the cone calorimeter tests in an attempt to increase the one dimensionality of heat transfer. Modelling showed mixed results when compared with experiments. The results also indicated the models incapacity to capture material-material interactions, such as melting of polyester on the top of flexible polyurethane slab or shielding created by cotton residue to protect flexible polyurethane slab from heat exposure.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Cone calorimeter, Fabrics, Heat release rate, Polyurethane, Simulation, Upholstery
in
15th International Conference and Exhibition on Fire and Materials 2017
volume
1
pages
14 pages
publisher
Interscience Communications Ltd
conference name
15th International Conference and Exhibition on Fire and Materials 2017
external identifiers
  • scopus:85036456740
ISBN
9781510846746
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2c1c5564-02f1-4b82-855c-299832a9eb63
date added to LUP
2017-12-14 07:37:20
date last changed
2018-01-07 12:28:41
@inproceedings{2c1c5564-02f1-4b82-855c-299832a9eb63,
  abstract     = {<p>Upholstered furniture is a major contributor to the fuel load in a fire compartment. Modelling the fire behaviour of upholstered furniture would support performance based fire safety engineering, by allowing the specification of realistic fire scenarios. Modelling upholstered furniture composites in cone calorimeter test conditions is undertaken to validate fundamental assumptions about the fire behaviour of these combinations, without including complexities of a real sized system (e.g. constructional details of mattresses or sofas). Kinetic parameters were taken from micro combustion calorimeter tests and thermal properties were taken from literature and optimised using individual material cone calorimeter tests. A novel methodology of sample preparation was proposed for the cone calorimeter tests in an attempt to increase the one dimensionality of heat transfer. Modelling showed mixed results when compared with experiments. The results also indicated the models incapacity to capture material-material interactions, such as melting of polyester on the top of flexible polyurethane slab or shielding created by cotton residue to protect flexible polyurethane slab from heat exposure.</p>},
  author       = {Flecknoe-Brown, Konrad Wilkens and Livkiss, Karlis and Van Hees, Patrick},
  booktitle    = {15th International Conference and Exhibition on Fire and Materials 2017},
  isbn         = {9781510846746},
  keyword      = {Cone calorimeter,Fabrics,Heat release rate,Polyurethane,Simulation,Upholstery},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {240--253},
  publisher    = {Interscience Communications Ltd},
  title        = {Experimental and numerical investigation on fire behaviour of foam/fabric composites},
  volume       = {1},
  year         = {2017},
}