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A study of the ageing and deactivation phenomena occurring during operation of an iron molybdate catalyst in formaldehyde production

Andersson, Arne LU ; Hernelind, M and Augustsson, A (2006) In Catalysis Today 112(1-4). p.40-44
Abstract
Catalyst from a Perstorp Formox formaldehyde plant, operating with high inlet concentration of methanol (10.2 vol.%), was discharged from single tubes of a multi-tube reactor after half the expected lifetime of the catalyst and again after termination of the load. Each tube was filled with two different layers of catalyst. From the inlet of the reactor the first layer was a catalyst mixed with inert rings, which was followed by a second layer of pure catalyst extending from the middle to the outlet of the reactor. Catalyst fractions from the two layers were characterized with various techniques including BET, Fourier transform Raman (FT-Raman) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), elemental analysis with atomic absorption spectroscopy... (More)
Catalyst from a Perstorp Formox formaldehyde plant, operating with high inlet concentration of methanol (10.2 vol.%), was discharged from single tubes of a multi-tube reactor after half the expected lifetime of the catalyst and again after termination of the load. Each tube was filled with two different layers of catalyst. From the inlet of the reactor the first layer was a catalyst mixed with inert rings, which was followed by a second layer of pure catalyst extending from the middle to the outlet of the reactor. Catalyst fractions from the two layers were characterized with various techniques including BET, Fourier transform Raman (FT-Raman) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), elemental analysis with atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) and activity measurements. It was found that the surface area of the catalyst in the mixed layer increases during operation while a small decrease is noticeable for the catalyst below in the pure layer. Elemental analysis, XRD and FT-Raman show that during operation of the catalyst there is migration of Mo species from the upper part of the reactor towards the outlet. Activity measurements reveal severe deactivation of the catalyst in the mixed layer. It is concluded that the deactivation primarily is due to formation of volatile species formed by the MoO3 surface reacting methanol, causing a decrease of the MoO3/Fe-2(MoO4)(3) mole ratio in the catalyst. Concerning the catalyst in the pure layer, the condensation of needle-like crystals of MoO3 mainly occurs on the external surface of the catalyst ring. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
methanol oxidation, iron molybdate catalyst, deactivation, catalyst, formaldehyde
in
Catalysis Today
volume
112
issue
1-4
pages
40 - 44
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000235859000010
  • scopus:32544451128
ISSN
0920-5861
DOI
10.1016/j.cattod.2005.11.052
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2da365cf-c70c-4477-8e6b-4b204961d60e (old id 416542)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 16:10:29
date last changed
2019-12-04 05:13:19
@article{2da365cf-c70c-4477-8e6b-4b204961d60e,
  abstract     = {Catalyst from a Perstorp Formox formaldehyde plant, operating with high inlet concentration of methanol (10.2 vol.%), was discharged from single tubes of a multi-tube reactor after half the expected lifetime of the catalyst and again after termination of the load. Each tube was filled with two different layers of catalyst. From the inlet of the reactor the first layer was a catalyst mixed with inert rings, which was followed by a second layer of pure catalyst extending from the middle to the outlet of the reactor. Catalyst fractions from the two layers were characterized with various techniques including BET, Fourier transform Raman (FT-Raman) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), elemental analysis with atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) and activity measurements. It was found that the surface area of the catalyst in the mixed layer increases during operation while a small decrease is noticeable for the catalyst below in the pure layer. Elemental analysis, XRD and FT-Raman show that during operation of the catalyst there is migration of Mo species from the upper part of the reactor towards the outlet. Activity measurements reveal severe deactivation of the catalyst in the mixed layer. It is concluded that the deactivation primarily is due to formation of volatile species formed by the MoO3 surface reacting methanol, causing a decrease of the MoO3/Fe-2(MoO4)(3) mole ratio in the catalyst. Concerning the catalyst in the pure layer, the condensation of needle-like crystals of MoO3 mainly occurs on the external surface of the catalyst ring.},
  author       = {Andersson, Arne and Hernelind, M and Augustsson, A},
  issn         = {0920-5861},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-4},
  pages        = {40--44},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Catalysis Today},
  title        = {A study of the ageing and deactivation phenomena occurring during operation of an iron molybdate catalyst in formaldehyde production},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2005.11.052},
  doi          = {10.1016/j.cattod.2005.11.052},
  volume       = {112},
  year         = {2006},
}