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The relationship between sun exposure and all-cause mortality

Lindqvist, Pelle G. LU and Landin-Olsson, Mona LU (2017) In Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences 16(3). p.354-361
Abstract

We aimed to conduct a narrative review of the rapid advances in knowledge regarding sun exposure and all-cause mortality. Data support the hypothesis that sun exposure avoidance is a major risk factor for all-cause mortality in adjusted analysis (age, income, education, marital status, smoking, and comorbidity). This was caused by an increased risk of death due to cardiovascular disease (CVD) and noncancer/non-CVD. However, the increased life span among those with high sun exposure naturally results in an increased prevalence of cancer death. In addition, sun exposure increases the incidence, but is related to better prognosis of skin cancer. The new findings indicate that there is a need for modification of guidelines regarding sun... (More)

We aimed to conduct a narrative review of the rapid advances in knowledge regarding sun exposure and all-cause mortality. Data support the hypothesis that sun exposure avoidance is a major risk factor for all-cause mortality in adjusted analysis (age, income, education, marital status, smoking, and comorbidity). This was caused by an increased risk of death due to cardiovascular disease (CVD) and noncancer/non-CVD. However, the increased life span among those with high sun exposure naturally results in an increased prevalence of cancer death. In addition, sun exposure increases the incidence, but is related to better prognosis of skin cancer. The new findings indicate that there is a need for modification of guidelines regarding sun exposure. They may also add to our knowledge regarding the increasing incidence of diabetes mellitus and increased mortality among non-Caucasians in western countries. According to the present knowledge, in a low solar intensity region we should aim for sound and safe sun exposure habits, especially for those at increased risk of CVD or noncancer/non-CVD.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences
volume
16
issue
3
pages
8 pages
publisher
Royal Society of Chemistry
external identifiers
  • scopus:85015713095
  • wos:000398063200008
ISSN
1474-905X
DOI
10.1039/C6PP00316H
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2de9e6cf-c5f7-4342-8056-b39bfaf38dc7
date added to LUP
2017-04-06 15:17:33
date last changed
2018-03-04 05:00:47
@article{2de9e6cf-c5f7-4342-8056-b39bfaf38dc7,
  abstract     = {<p>We aimed to conduct a narrative review of the rapid advances in knowledge regarding sun exposure and all-cause mortality. Data support the hypothesis that sun exposure avoidance is a major risk factor for all-cause mortality in adjusted analysis (age, income, education, marital status, smoking, and comorbidity). This was caused by an increased risk of death due to cardiovascular disease (CVD) and noncancer/non-CVD. However, the increased life span among those with high sun exposure naturally results in an increased prevalence of cancer death. In addition, sun exposure increases the incidence, but is related to better prognosis of skin cancer. The new findings indicate that there is a need for modification of guidelines regarding sun exposure. They may also add to our knowledge regarding the increasing incidence of diabetes mellitus and increased mortality among non-Caucasians in western countries. According to the present knowledge, in a low solar intensity region we should aim for sound and safe sun exposure habits, especially for those at increased risk of CVD or noncancer/non-CVD.</p>},
  author       = {Lindqvist, Pelle G. and Landin-Olsson, Mona},
  issn         = {1474-905X},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {354--361},
  publisher    = {Royal Society of Chemistry},
  series       = {Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences},
  title        = {The relationship between sun exposure and all-cause mortality},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C6PP00316H},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2017},
}