Advanced

The Opportunity Offered by the ESSnuSB Project to Exploit the Larger Leptonic CP Violation Signal at the Second Oscillation Maximum and the Requirements of This Project on the ESS Accelerator Complex

Wildner, E.; Baussan, E.; Blennow, M.; Bogomilov, M.; Burgman, A. LU ; Bouquerel, E.; Carlile, C. LU ; Cederkäll, J. LU ; Christiansen, P. LU and Cupial, P., et al. (2016) In Advances in High Energy Physics 2016.
Abstract

The European Spallation Source (ESS), currently under construction in Lund, Sweden, is a research center that will provide, by 2023, the world's most powerful neutron source. The average power of the proton linac will be 5 MW. Pulsing this linac at higher frequency will make it possible to raise the average total beam power to 10 MW to produce, in parallel with the spallation neutron production, a very intense neutrino Super Beam of about 0.4 GeV mean neutrino energy. This will allow searching for leptonic CP violation at the second oscillation maximum where the sensitivity is about 3 times higher than at the first. The ESS neutrino Super Beam, ESSnuSB operated with a 2.0 GeV linac proton beam, together with a large underground Water... (More)

The European Spallation Source (ESS), currently under construction in Lund, Sweden, is a research center that will provide, by 2023, the world's most powerful neutron source. The average power of the proton linac will be 5 MW. Pulsing this linac at higher frequency will make it possible to raise the average total beam power to 10 MW to produce, in parallel with the spallation neutron production, a very intense neutrino Super Beam of about 0.4 GeV mean neutrino energy. This will allow searching for leptonic CP violation at the second oscillation maximum where the sensitivity is about 3 times higher than at the first. The ESS neutrino Super Beam, ESSnuSB operated with a 2.0 GeV linac proton beam, together with a large underground Water Cherenkov detector located at 540 km from Lund, will make it possible to discover leptonic CP violation at 5σ significance level in 56% (65% for an upgrade to 2.5 GeV beam energy) of the leptonic CP-violating phase range after 10 years of data taking, assuming a 5% systematic error in the neutrino flux and 10% in the neutrino cross section. The paper presents the outstanding physics reach possible for CP violation with ESSnuSB obtainable under these assumptions for the systematic errors. It also describes the upgrade of the ESS accelerator complex required for ESSnuSB.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
, et al. (More)
(Less)
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Advances in High Energy Physics
volume
2016
publisher
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
external identifiers
  • scopus:84994652587
  • wos:000387385000001
ISSN
1687-7357
DOI
10.1155/2016/8640493
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2e75c9d4-7a17-47b9-a0df-2cc5a2c17015
date added to LUP
2016-12-20 14:00:08
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:32:40
@article{2e75c9d4-7a17-47b9-a0df-2cc5a2c17015,
  abstract     = {<p>The European Spallation Source (ESS), currently under construction in Lund, Sweden, is a research center that will provide, by 2023, the world's most powerful neutron source. The average power of the proton linac will be 5 MW. Pulsing this linac at higher frequency will make it possible to raise the average total beam power to 10 MW to produce, in parallel with the spallation neutron production, a very intense neutrino Super Beam of about 0.4 GeV mean neutrino energy. This will allow searching for leptonic CP violation at the second oscillation maximum where the sensitivity is about 3 times higher than at the first. The ESS neutrino Super Beam, ESSnuSB operated with a 2.0 GeV linac proton beam, together with a large underground Water Cherenkov detector located at 540 km from Lund, will make it possible to discover leptonic CP violation at 5σ significance level in 56% (65% for an upgrade to 2.5 GeV beam energy) of the leptonic CP-violating phase range after 10 years of data taking, assuming a 5% systematic error in the neutrino flux and 10% in the neutrino cross section. The paper presents the outstanding physics reach possible for CP violation with ESSnuSB obtainable under these assumptions for the systematic errors. It also describes the upgrade of the ESS accelerator complex required for ESSnuSB.</p>},
  articleno    = {8640493},
  author       = {Wildner, E. and Baussan, E. and Blennow, M. and Bogomilov, M. and Burgman, A. and Bouquerel, E. and Carlile, C. and Cederkäll, J. and Christiansen, P. and Cupial, P. and Danared, H. and Dracos, M. and Ekelöf, T. and Eshraqi, M. and Hall-Wilton, R. and Koutchouk, J. P. and Lindroos, M. and Martini, M. and Matev, R. and McGinnis, D. and Miyamoto, R. and Ohlsson, T. and Öhman, H. and Olvegård, M. and Ruber, R. and Schönauer, H. and Tang, J. Y. and Tsenov, R. and Vankova-Kirilova, G. and Vassilopoulos, N.},
  issn         = {1687-7357},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Hindawi Publishing Corporation},
  series       = {Advances in High Energy Physics},
  title        = {The Opportunity Offered by the ESSnuSB Project to Exploit the Larger Leptonic CP Violation Signal at the Second Oscillation Maximum and the Requirements of This Project on the ESS Accelerator Complex},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8640493},
  volume       = {2016},
  year         = {2016},
}