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Some Alternative Scenarios for the Role of the State in Vietnam

Kokko, Ari and Sjöholm, Fredrik LU (2000) In The Pacific Review 13(2). p.257-277
Abstract
The Vietnamese economy has by most standards performed very well over the last decade. For instance, economic growth has averaged around 8 per cent per year during the 1990s. The high growth rate has mainly been achieved through large increases in investment, and a large share of the investment has come from foreign sources. However, it is likely that the Asian crisis will lead to a significant reduction in the inflows of foreign capital, which will make it difficult to maintain a growth strategy based on increased capital formation. Continued high growth requires improved economic efficiency. Such efficiency gains have to focus on the state-owned enterprises that account for a large share of the Vietnamese economy, but are known to face... (More)
The Vietnamese economy has by most standards performed very well over the last decade. For instance, economic growth has averaged around 8 per cent per year during the 1990s. The high growth rate has mainly been achieved through large increases in investment, and a large share of the investment has come from foreign sources. However, it is likely that the Asian crisis will lead to a significant reduction in the inflows of foreign capital, which will make it difficult to maintain a growth strategy based on increased capital formation. Continued high growth requires improved economic efficiency. Such efficiency gains have to focus on the state-owned enterprises that account for a large share of the Vietnamese economy, but are known to face serious efficiency and profitability problems. This paper discusses economic consequences of some different choices regarding the role of the state-owned sector. We discuss two scenarios where the state will continue to play a dominant role – centralized or localized state-owned enterprises – and two scenarios with a stronger private sector – supporting the establishment of new private firms and privatizing existing state-owned enterprises. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Vietnam, SOEs, regulations, liberalization, industrialization, economic development
in
The Pacific Review
volume
13
issue
2
pages
21 pages
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:0343183151
ISSN
0951-2748
DOI
10.1080/095127400363587
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
2e9ba3bd-5171-440d-8f63-0aa6f14f9ca6
date added to LUP
2017-10-10 17:54:21
date last changed
2017-10-15 04:55:55
@article{2e9ba3bd-5171-440d-8f63-0aa6f14f9ca6,
  abstract     = {The Vietnamese economy has by most standards performed very well over the last decade. For instance, economic growth has averaged around 8 per cent per year during the 1990s. The high growth rate has mainly been achieved through large increases in investment, and a large share of the investment has come from foreign sources. However, it is likely that the Asian crisis will lead to a significant reduction in the inflows of foreign capital, which will make it difficult to maintain a growth strategy based on increased capital formation. Continued high growth requires improved economic efficiency. Such efficiency gains have to focus on the state-owned enterprises that account for a large share of the Vietnamese economy, but are known to face serious efficiency and profitability problems. This paper discusses economic consequences of some different choices regarding the role of the state-owned sector. We discuss two scenarios where the state will continue to play a dominant role – centralized or localized state-owned enterprises – and two scenarios with a stronger private sector – supporting the establishment of new private firms and privatizing existing state-owned enterprises.},
  author       = {Kokko, Ari and Sjöholm, Fredrik},
  issn         = {0951-2748},
  keyword      = {Vietnam,SOEs,regulations,liberalization,industrialization,economic development},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {257--277},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {The Pacific Review},
  title        = {Some Alternative Scenarios for the Role of the State in Vietnam},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/095127400363587},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2000},
}