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The Tagging System of the BGO-OD experiment

Messi, Francesco LU (2015)
Abstract
In the course of my PhD work, I have been involved in the development and the construction of the Tagging System for the BGO-OD experiment at the ELSA accelerators of the University of Bonn.
BGO-OD is a fixed target experiment for the investigation of the structure of the nucleon at low energies via the photoproduction of mesons. It consist of a central calorimeter and a forward spectrometer. The real photon beam used in the experiment is generated by bremsstrahlung of an electron beam impinging a radiator. Due of the continuous bremsstrahlung spectrum, to determine the photon energy, and therefore the centre of mass energy of the reaction under investigation, a Tagging System is needed. The essential of the Tagging System is a... (More)
In the course of my PhD work, I have been involved in the development and the construction of the Tagging System for the BGO-OD experiment at the ELSA accelerators of the University of Bonn.
BGO-OD is a fixed target experiment for the investigation of the structure of the nucleon at low energies via the photoproduction of mesons. It consist of a central calorimeter and a forward spectrometer. The real photon beam used in the experiment is generated by bremsstrahlung of an electron beam impinging a radiator. Due of the continuous bremsstrahlung spectrum, to determine the photon energy, and therefore the centre of mass energy of the reaction under investigation, a Tagging System is needed. The essential of the Tagging System is a magnetic spectrometer to determine the post-bremsstrahlung electron momentum. Its major components are a dipole magnet and an Hodoscope of plastic scintillators.
The main technical goal of this thesis was to develop, test and put into operation the Front-End Electronics for the Tagger Hodoscope. I designed this electronics as a three-stage electronics chain: an analog buffer/amplifier, a dual threshold discriminator and a digital shaper. Technical development of the electronics boards, functionality and testing are described in detail. The characterisation of the tagger electronics shows an excellent time resolution of the full electronics chain of better than 15 ps.
To demonstrate the performances of the detector and of the developed electronics in a real hadronic physics experiment, I have performed the analysis of the photoproduction of pi-not and eta mesons off a proton target. Using a signature of two candidate photons detected in the BGO-OD central calorimeter and the energy of the tagged incoming photon, the 4-momenta of all particles in the reaction are determined and invariant mass and missing mass techniques can be employed.
It is demonstrated that the Tagging System of the BGO-OD experiment, in particular the fast electronics developed in this thesis, is working as expected and it is ready for data taking. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Tagging systems, electronics, discriminators, hadron physics
publisher
Bonn University Press/V&R unipress
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
2f3a2f63-8988-4b21-9773-251f53b0b477
alternative location
http://hss.ulb.uni-bonn.de/2015/4028/4028.htm
date added to LUP
2016-11-18 18:28:10
date last changed
2016-12-02 09:54:04
@phdthesis{2f3a2f63-8988-4b21-9773-251f53b0b477,
  abstract     = {In the course of my PhD work, I have been involved in the development and the construction of the Tagging System for the BGO-OD experiment at the ELSA accelerators of the University of Bonn.<br/>BGO-OD is a fixed target experiment for the investigation of the structure of the nucleon at low energies via the photoproduction of mesons. It consist of a central calorimeter and a forward spectrometer. The real photon beam used in the experiment is generated by bremsstrahlung of an electron beam impinging a radiator. Due of the continuous bremsstrahlung spectrum, to determine the photon energy, and therefore the centre of mass energy of the reaction under investigation, a Tagging System is needed. The essential of the Tagging System is a magnetic spectrometer to determine the post-bremsstrahlung electron momentum. Its major components are a dipole magnet and an Hodoscope of plastic scintillators.<br/>The main technical goal of this thesis was to develop, test and put into operation the Front-End Electronics for the Tagger Hodoscope. I designed this electronics as a three-stage electronics chain: an analog buffer/amplifier, a dual threshold discriminator and a digital shaper. Technical development of the electronics boards, functionality and testing are described in detail. The characterisation of the tagger electronics shows an excellent time resolution of the full electronics chain of better than 15 ps.<br/>To demonstrate the performances of the detector and of the developed electronics in a real hadronic physics experiment, I have performed the analysis of the photoproduction of pi-not and eta mesons off a proton target. Using a signature of two candidate photons detected in the BGO-OD central calorimeter and the energy of the tagged incoming photon, the 4-momenta of all particles in the reaction are determined and invariant mass and missing mass techniques can be employed.<br/>It is demonstrated that the Tagging System of the BGO-OD experiment, in particular the fast electronics developed in this thesis, is working as expected and it is ready for data taking.},
  author       = {Messi, Francesco},
  keyword      = {Tagging systems,electronics,discriminators,hadron physics},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Bonn University Press/V&R unipress},
  title        = {The Tagging System of the BGO-OD experiment},
  year         = {2015},
}