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Short- and long-term responses of nourishments : Barra-Vagueira coastal stretch, Portugal

Marinho, Bárbara; Coelho, Carlos; Larson, Magnus LU and Hanson, Hans LU (2017) In Journal of Coastal Conservation
Abstract

Dredged material resulting from deepening and maintenance activities of the Aveiro Harbor inlet channel, northwestern coast of Portugal, has been used to mitigate the erosion trend recorded on nearby beaches (from Barra to Costa Nova Beach) through direct placement of sand by using standard dredge equipment. The disposal activities of dredged material have been undertaken at two main sites: between the south breakwater and the 1st groin of Costa Nova (dumping area 1, DA1) and between the 3rd and the 5th groin of Costa Nova (dumping area 2, DA2).The sand was placed in the nearshore, between the −2 and −7 m Chart Datum, CD, contours. In this study, short- and long-term coastal morphologic changes in the sea bottom, in response to several... (More)

Dredged material resulting from deepening and maintenance activities of the Aveiro Harbor inlet channel, northwestern coast of Portugal, has been used to mitigate the erosion trend recorded on nearby beaches (from Barra to Costa Nova Beach) through direct placement of sand by using standard dredge equipment. The disposal activities of dredged material have been undertaken at two main sites: between the south breakwater and the 1st groin of Costa Nova (dumping area 1, DA1) and between the 3rd and the 5th groin of Costa Nova (dumping area 2, DA2).The sand was placed in the nearshore, between the −2 and −7 m Chart Datum, CD, contours. In this study, short- and long-term coastal morphologic changes in the sea bottom, in response to several nourishment operations and to the incoming waves, within the dumping area boundaries are investigated based on a data set of hydrographic surveys collected annually, just before and after the nourishments, between 2009 and 2015. Preliminary results describing the main morphologic changes, evolution trends, sediment budget variations, and nourishments performance are discussed using mainly Geographic Information System techniques. Overall, the analysis demonstrates that the short-term losses in the dumping areas (one month of interval) can reach 50% of the nourished volume, revealing a significant movement of the fill material towards offshore. Seasonal variations promoting cross-shore material exchange can also prevail and misrepresent the sediment balances, if the monitoring area is not comprehensive. Furthermore, some bathymetric analysis suggested that longshore transport gradients have moved the fill material from Barra beach to downdrift areas. All the obtained results contribute to the ongoing discussion about the effectiveness of nearshore sand placements especially in context of an energetic environment.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Artificial nourishment, Dredging, GIS, Monitoring, Morphodynamic
in
Journal of Coastal Conservation
pages
15 pages
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85025444902
ISSN
1400-0350
DOI
10.1007/s11852-017-0533-5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3008fc5d-cbaa-40c6-a2ef-cf497a5cb753
date added to LUP
2017-07-31 09:32:08
date last changed
2018-01-28 04:31:56
@article{3008fc5d-cbaa-40c6-a2ef-cf497a5cb753,
  abstract     = {<p>Dredged material resulting from deepening and maintenance activities of the Aveiro Harbor inlet channel, northwestern coast of Portugal, has been used to mitigate the erosion trend recorded on nearby beaches (from Barra to Costa Nova Beach) through direct placement of sand by using standard dredge equipment. The disposal activities of dredged material have been undertaken at two main sites: between the south breakwater and the 1st groin of Costa Nova (dumping area 1, DA1) and between the 3rd and the 5th groin of Costa Nova (dumping area 2, DA2).The sand was placed in the nearshore, between the −2 and −7 m Chart Datum, CD, contours. In this study, short- and long-term coastal morphologic changes in the sea bottom, in response to several nourishment operations and to the incoming waves, within the dumping area boundaries are investigated based on a data set of hydrographic surveys collected annually, just before and after the nourishments, between 2009 and 2015. Preliminary results describing the main morphologic changes, evolution trends, sediment budget variations, and nourishments performance are discussed using mainly Geographic Information System techniques. Overall, the analysis demonstrates that the short-term losses in the dumping areas (one month of interval) can reach 50% of the nourished volume, revealing a significant movement of the fill material towards offshore. Seasonal variations promoting cross-shore material exchange can also prevail and misrepresent the sediment balances, if the monitoring area is not comprehensive. Furthermore, some bathymetric analysis suggested that longshore transport gradients have moved the fill material from Barra beach to downdrift areas. All the obtained results contribute to the ongoing discussion about the effectiveness of nearshore sand placements especially in context of an energetic environment.</p>},
  author       = {Marinho, Bárbara and Coelho, Carlos and Larson, Magnus and Hanson, Hans},
  issn         = {1400-0350},
  keyword      = {Artificial nourishment,Dredging,GIS,Monitoring,Morphodynamic},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  pages        = {15},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Journal of Coastal Conservation},
  title        = {Short- and long-term responses of nourishments : Barra-Vagueira coastal stretch, Portugal},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11852-017-0533-5},
  year         = {2017},
}