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Heat transfer prediction and critical heat flux mechanism for pool boiling of NOVEC-649 on microporous copper surfaces

Cao, Zhen LU ; Wu, Zan LU and Sundén, Bengt LU (2019) In International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 141. p.818-834
Abstract

Pool boiling performance of NOVEC-649 was experimentally studied on microporous surfaces prepared by an electrochemical deposition method. Microporous structures contribute to large surface roughness values and provide large quantities of cavities ranging from several hundreds of nanometers to several microns for bubble nucleation. The results show that a maximum enhancement of 600% in heat transfer coefficient and a maximum enhancement of 55% in critical heat flux are achieved on the deposited surfaces, compared with a smooth copper surface. Experimental heat transfer coefficients were compared with literature correlations, considering the effects of roughness and surface-liquid combination. Then a fitted Rohsenow correlation was... (More)

Pool boiling performance of NOVEC-649 was experimentally studied on microporous surfaces prepared by an electrochemical deposition method. Microporous structures contribute to large surface roughness values and provide large quantities of cavities ranging from several hundreds of nanometers to several microns for bubble nucleation. The results show that a maximum enhancement of 600% in heat transfer coefficient and a maximum enhancement of 55% in critical heat flux are achieved on the deposited surfaces, compared with a smooth copper surface. Experimental heat transfer coefficients were compared with literature correlations, considering the effects of roughness and surface-liquid combination. Then a fitted Rohsenow correlation was discussed and developed to predict the present results. Experimental critical heat fluxes were compared with classical models. It was found that the critical heat flux on the smooth surface could be predicted by the lift-off model and the Kandlikar model, but these models cannot predict the critical heat fluxes on the deposited surfaces well. Following, the Kandlikar model was modified by further considering a wicking force and a roughness-factor-dependent surface tension force. The present modified CHF model was validated by comparing with present experimental data and the literature, with a deviation around ±30%.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Boiling, Critical heat flux, Dielectric liquid, Heat transfer
in
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
volume
141
pages
17 pages
publisher
Pergamon
external identifiers
  • scopus:85068516074
ISSN
0017-9310
DOI
10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2019.07.036
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
30171be7-1cb2-405d-802a-2d3fcb36301d
date added to LUP
2019-07-16 09:01:16
date last changed
2019-08-14 04:41:50
@article{30171be7-1cb2-405d-802a-2d3fcb36301d,
  abstract     = {<p>Pool boiling performance of NOVEC-649 was experimentally studied on microporous surfaces prepared by an electrochemical deposition method. Microporous structures contribute to large surface roughness values and provide large quantities of cavities ranging from several hundreds of nanometers to several microns for bubble nucleation. The results show that a maximum enhancement of 600% in heat transfer coefficient and a maximum enhancement of 55% in critical heat flux are achieved on the deposited surfaces, compared with a smooth copper surface. Experimental heat transfer coefficients were compared with literature correlations, considering the effects of roughness and surface-liquid combination. Then a fitted Rohsenow correlation was discussed and developed to predict the present results. Experimental critical heat fluxes were compared with classical models. It was found that the critical heat flux on the smooth surface could be predicted by the lift-off model and the Kandlikar model, but these models cannot predict the critical heat fluxes on the deposited surfaces well. Following, the Kandlikar model was modified by further considering a wicking force and a roughness-factor-dependent surface tension force. The present modified CHF model was validated by comparing with present experimental data and the literature, with a deviation around ±30%.</p>},
  author       = {Cao, Zhen and Wu, Zan and Sundén, Bengt},
  issn         = {0017-9310},
  keyword      = {Boiling,Critical heat flux,Dielectric liquid,Heat transfer},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {818--834},
  publisher    = {Pergamon},
  series       = {International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer},
  title        = {Heat transfer prediction and critical heat flux mechanism for pool boiling of NOVEC-649 on microporous copper surfaces},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2019.07.036},
  volume       = {141},
  year         = {2019},
}