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Gastric acid secretion after depletion of enterochromaffin-like cell histamine. A study with a-fluoromethylhistidine in rats

Andersson, K; Cabero, J L; Mattsson, H and Håkanson, Rolf LU (1996) In Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 31(1). p.24-30
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Histamine is thought to play a central role in the regulation of gastric acid secretion. In the rat oxyntic mucosa most of the histamine is synthesized and stored in enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells, and the rest resides in mast cells. The present study examines the role of ECL-cell histamine in the control of acid secretion in the intact, conscious rat. METHODS: Rats were treated with alpha-fluoromethylhistidine (alpha-FMH) to inhibit histamine synthesis. alpha-FMH was given by continuous subcutaneous infusion (3 mg/kg/h) for up to 9 days. An additional oral dose of alpha-FMH (50 mg/kg) was given 2 h before each acid secretion test. Acid secretion was studied in pylorus-ligated rats and in chronic gastric fistula rats... (More)
BACKGROUND: Histamine is thought to play a central role in the regulation of gastric acid secretion. In the rat oxyntic mucosa most of the histamine is synthesized and stored in enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells, and the rest resides in mast cells. The present study examines the role of ECL-cell histamine in the control of acid secretion in the intact, conscious rat. METHODS: Rats were treated with alpha-fluoromethylhistidine (alpha-FMH) to inhibit histamine synthesis. alpha-FMH was given by continuous subcutaneous infusion (3 mg/kg/h) for up to 9 days. An additional oral dose of alpha-FMH (50 mg/kg) was given 2 h before each acid secretion test. Acid secretion was studied in pylorus-ligated rats and in chronic gastric fistula rats stimulated with histamine, gastrin-17, or insulin after 2-6 days of alpha-FMH infusion. RESULTS: Treatment with alpha-FMH lowered oxyntic mucosal histamine synthesis by 80%. From previous observations this is thought to reflect depletion of histamine from the ECL cells. The remaining 20% resides in mucosal and submucosal mast cells, which seem to be resistant to alpha-FMH. Basal acid secretion was inhibited by more than 60% after alpha-FMH treatment and by more than 80% by ranitidine. Histamine-stimulated secretion was unaffected by alpha-FMH and abolished by the histamine H2-receptor antagonist ranitidine. The acid response to gastrin-17 was almost abolished in histamine-depleted rats and abolished by ranitidine. Vagally induced acid secretion (provoked by the injection of insulin or by pylorus ligation) was unaffected by alpha-FMH treatment but abolished by ranitidine and by the muscarinic M1-receptor antagonist pirenzepine. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that gastrin stimulates acid secretion by releasing histamine from ECL cells. Vagally induced acid secretion is also dependent on a histaminergic pathway but not on ECL-cell histamine. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
volume
31
issue
1
pages
24 - 30
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:0030032143
ISSN
1502-7708
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c0fc5776-0f2c-4336-8ad7-0030eef8d96b (old id 30181)
date added to LUP
2007-06-19 09:44:06
date last changed
2017-01-01 08:01:23
@article{c0fc5776-0f2c-4336-8ad7-0030eef8d96b,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Histamine is thought to play a central role in the regulation of gastric acid secretion. In the rat oxyntic mucosa most of the histamine is synthesized and stored in enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells, and the rest resides in mast cells. The present study examines the role of ECL-cell histamine in the control of acid secretion in the intact, conscious rat. METHODS: Rats were treated with alpha-fluoromethylhistidine (alpha-FMH) to inhibit histamine synthesis. alpha-FMH was given by continuous subcutaneous infusion (3 mg/kg/h) for up to 9 days. An additional oral dose of alpha-FMH (50 mg/kg) was given 2 h before each acid secretion test. Acid secretion was studied in pylorus-ligated rats and in chronic gastric fistula rats stimulated with histamine, gastrin-17, or insulin after 2-6 days of alpha-FMH infusion. RESULTS: Treatment with alpha-FMH lowered oxyntic mucosal histamine synthesis by 80%. From previous observations this is thought to reflect depletion of histamine from the ECL cells. The remaining 20% resides in mucosal and submucosal mast cells, which seem to be resistant to alpha-FMH. Basal acid secretion was inhibited by more than 60% after alpha-FMH treatment and by more than 80% by ranitidine. Histamine-stimulated secretion was unaffected by alpha-FMH and abolished by the histamine H2-receptor antagonist ranitidine. The acid response to gastrin-17 was almost abolished in histamine-depleted rats and abolished by ranitidine. Vagally induced acid secretion (provoked by the injection of insulin or by pylorus ligation) was unaffected by alpha-FMH treatment but abolished by ranitidine and by the muscarinic M1-receptor antagonist pirenzepine. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that gastrin stimulates acid secretion by releasing histamine from ECL cells. Vagally induced acid secretion is also dependent on a histaminergic pathway but not on ECL-cell histamine.},
  author       = {Andersson, K and Cabero, J L and Mattsson, H and Håkanson, Rolf},
  issn         = {1502-7708},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {24--30},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology},
  title        = {Gastric acid secretion after depletion of enterochromaffin-like cell histamine. A study with a-fluoromethylhistidine in rats},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {1996},
}