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Perceived green qualities were associated with neighborhood satisfaction, physical activity, and general health: Results from a cross-sectional study in suburban and rural Scania, southern Sweden.

de Jong, Kim; Albin, Maria LU ; Skärbäck, Erik; Grahn, Patrik and Björk, Jonas LU (2012) In Health and Place 18(6). p.1374-1380
Abstract
In this study using cross-sectional survey data from suburban and rural Scania, Sweden (N=24,847), we assessed how the recently validated index score of area-aggregated perceived green neighborhood qualities (Scania Green Score; SGS), and the five distinct qualities within this index were associated with three self-reported indicators of well-being: neighborhood satisfaction, physical activity and general health. Effect sizes were compared with objective (GIS-based) assessments of the same five qualities. Area-aggregated SGS was positively associated with neighborhood satisfaction, physical activity and general health. The association with general health was mediated by physical activity and neighborhood satisfaction. Three perceived... (More)
In this study using cross-sectional survey data from suburban and rural Scania, Sweden (N=24,847), we assessed how the recently validated index score of area-aggregated perceived green neighborhood qualities (Scania Green Score; SGS), and the five distinct qualities within this index were associated with three self-reported indicators of well-being: neighborhood satisfaction, physical activity and general health. Effect sizes were compared with objective (GIS-based) assessments of the same five qualities. Area-aggregated SGS was positively associated with neighborhood satisfaction, physical activity and general health. The association with general health was mediated by physical activity and neighborhood satisfaction. Three perceived qualities had salutogenic potential: historical remains (culture), silence such that sounds of nature can be heard (serene) and species richness (lush). Spacious and wild were not appreciated. Some independent positive effects of the GIS-based index were noted, but could not be consistently attributed to specific qualities. Perceived qualities within green areas, not merely quantity, are related to aspects of well-being in suburban and rural areas. (Less)
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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Health and Place
volume
18
issue
6
pages
1374 - 1380
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000311140800021
  • pmid:22889998
  • scopus:84864655401
ISSN
1873-2054
DOI
10.1016/j.healthplace.2012.07.001
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ca808750-3a9c-44b4-8bdf-a51d9ee64bd8 (old id 3047543)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22889998?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2012-09-05 19:28:31
date last changed
2017-05-07 04:28:06
@article{ca808750-3a9c-44b4-8bdf-a51d9ee64bd8,
  abstract     = {In this study using cross-sectional survey data from suburban and rural Scania, Sweden (N=24,847), we assessed how the recently validated index score of area-aggregated perceived green neighborhood qualities (Scania Green Score; SGS), and the five distinct qualities within this index were associated with three self-reported indicators of well-being: neighborhood satisfaction, physical activity and general health. Effect sizes were compared with objective (GIS-based) assessments of the same five qualities. Area-aggregated SGS was positively associated with neighborhood satisfaction, physical activity and general health. The association with general health was mediated by physical activity and neighborhood satisfaction. Three perceived qualities had salutogenic potential: historical remains (culture), silence such that sounds of nature can be heard (serene) and species richness (lush). Spacious and wild were not appreciated. Some independent positive effects of the GIS-based index were noted, but could not be consistently attributed to specific qualities. Perceived qualities within green areas, not merely quantity, are related to aspects of well-being in suburban and rural areas.},
  author       = {de Jong, Kim and Albin, Maria and Skärbäck, Erik and Grahn, Patrik and Björk, Jonas},
  issn         = {1873-2054},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1374--1380},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Health and Place},
  title        = {Perceived green qualities were associated with neighborhood satisfaction, physical activity, and general health: Results from a cross-sectional study in suburban and rural Scania, southern Sweden.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2012.07.001},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {2012},
}