Advanced

Nuclear-modification factor for open-heavy-flavor production at forward rapidity in Cu plus Cu collisions at root s(NN)=200 GeV

Adare, A.; Afanasiev, S.; Aidala, C.; Ajitanand, N. N.; Akiba, Y.; Al-Bataineh, H.; Alexander, J.; Aoki, K.; Aphecetche, L. and Armendariz, R., et al. (2012) In Physical Review C (Nuclear Physics) 86(2).
Abstract
Background: Heavy-flavor production in p + p collisions is a good test of perturbative-quantum-chromodynamics (pQCD) calculations. Modification of heavy-flavor production in heavy-ion collisions relative to binary-collision scaling from p + p results, quantified with the nuclear-modification factor (R-AA), provides information on both cold-and hot-nuclear-matter effects. Midrapidity heavy-flavor R-AA measurements at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider have challenged parton-energy-loss models and resulted in upper limits on the viscosity-entropy ratio that are near the quantum lower bound. Such measurements have not been made in the forward-rapidity region. Purpose: Determine transverse-momentum (p(T)) spectra and the corresponding R-AA... (More)
Background: Heavy-flavor production in p + p collisions is a good test of perturbative-quantum-chromodynamics (pQCD) calculations. Modification of heavy-flavor production in heavy-ion collisions relative to binary-collision scaling from p + p results, quantified with the nuclear-modification factor (R-AA), provides information on both cold-and hot-nuclear-matter effects. Midrapidity heavy-flavor R-AA measurements at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider have challenged parton-energy-loss models and resulted in upper limits on the viscosity-entropy ratio that are near the quantum lower bound. Such measurements have not been made in the forward-rapidity region. Purpose: Determine transverse-momentum (p(T)) spectra and the corresponding R-AA for muons from heavy-flavor meson decay in p + p and Cu + Cu collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV and y = 1.65. Method: Results are obtained using the semileptonic decay of heavy-flavor mesons into negative muons. The PHENIX muon-arm spectrometers measure the p(T) spectra of inclusive muon candidates. Backgrounds, primarily due to light hadrons, are determined with a Monte Carlo calculation using a set of input hadron distributions tuned to match measured-hadron distributions in the same detector and statistically subtracted. Results: The charm-production cross section in p + p collisions at root s = 200 GeV, integrated over p(T) and in the rapidity range 1.4 < y < 1.9, is found to be d(sigma e (e) over bar)/dy = 0.139 +/- 0.029 (stat)(-0.058)(+0.051) (syst) mb. This result is consistent with a perturbative fixed-order-plus-next-to-leading-log calculation within scale uncertainties and is also consistent with expectations based on the corresponding midrapidity charm-production cross section measured by PHENIX. The R-AA for heavy-flavor muons in Cu + Cu collisions is measured in three centrality bins for 1 < p(T) < 4 GeV/c. Suppression relative to binary-collision scaling (R-AA < 1) increases with centrality. Conclusions: Within experimental and theoretical uncertainties, the measured charm yield in p + p collisions is consistent with state-of-the-art pQCD calculations. Suppression in central Cu + Cu collisions suggests the presence of significant cold-nuclear-matter effects and final-state energy loss. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
, et al. (More)
(Less)
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Physical Review C (Nuclear Physics)
volume
86
issue
2
publisher
American Physical Society
external identifiers
  • wos:000307725600001
  • scopus:84865773583
ISSN
0556-2813
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevC.86.024909
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3f20b8a6-801e-4d71-a0fe-7cd1d4c80bf8 (old id 3058948)
date added to LUP
2012-09-25 15:34:05
date last changed
2017-07-23 04:22:06
@article{3f20b8a6-801e-4d71-a0fe-7cd1d4c80bf8,
  abstract     = {Background: Heavy-flavor production in p + p collisions is a good test of perturbative-quantum-chromodynamics (pQCD) calculations. Modification of heavy-flavor production in heavy-ion collisions relative to binary-collision scaling from p + p results, quantified with the nuclear-modification factor (R-AA), provides information on both cold-and hot-nuclear-matter effects. Midrapidity heavy-flavor R-AA measurements at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider have challenged parton-energy-loss models and resulted in upper limits on the viscosity-entropy ratio that are near the quantum lower bound. Such measurements have not been made in the forward-rapidity region. Purpose: Determine transverse-momentum (p(T)) spectra and the corresponding R-AA for muons from heavy-flavor meson decay in p + p and Cu + Cu collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV and y = 1.65. Method: Results are obtained using the semileptonic decay of heavy-flavor mesons into negative muons. The PHENIX muon-arm spectrometers measure the p(T) spectra of inclusive muon candidates. Backgrounds, primarily due to light hadrons, are determined with a Monte Carlo calculation using a set of input hadron distributions tuned to match measured-hadron distributions in the same detector and statistically subtracted. Results: The charm-production cross section in p + p collisions at root s = 200 GeV, integrated over p(T) and in the rapidity range 1.4 &lt; y &lt; 1.9, is found to be d(sigma e (e) over bar)/dy = 0.139 +/- 0.029 (stat)(-0.058)(+0.051) (syst) mb. This result is consistent with a perturbative fixed-order-plus-next-to-leading-log calculation within scale uncertainties and is also consistent with expectations based on the corresponding midrapidity charm-production cross section measured by PHENIX. The R-AA for heavy-flavor muons in Cu + Cu collisions is measured in three centrality bins for 1 &lt; p(T) &lt; 4 GeV/c. Suppression relative to binary-collision scaling (R-AA &lt; 1) increases with centrality. Conclusions: Within experimental and theoretical uncertainties, the measured charm yield in p + p collisions is consistent with state-of-the-art pQCD calculations. Suppression in central Cu + Cu collisions suggests the presence of significant cold-nuclear-matter effects and final-state energy loss.},
  author       = {Adare, A. and Afanasiev, S. and Aidala, C. and Ajitanand, N. N. and Akiba, Y. and Al-Bataineh, H. and Alexander, J. and Aoki, K. and Aphecetche, L. and Armendariz, R. and Aronson, S. H. and Asai, J. and Atomssa, E. T. and Averbeck, R. and Awes, T. C. and Azmoun, B. and Babintsev, V. and Baksay, G. and Baksay, L. and Baldisseri, A. and Barish, K. N. and Barnes, P. D. and Bassalleck, B. and Bathe, S. and Batsouli, S. and Baublis, V. and Bazilevsky, A. and Belikov, S. and Bennett, R. and Berdnikov, Y. and Bickley, A. A. and Boissevain, J. G. and Borel, H. and Boyle, K. and Brooks, M. L. and Buesching, H. and Bumazhnov, V. and Bunce, G. and Butsyk, S. and Campbell, S. and Chang, B. S. and Charvet, J. -L. and Chernichenko, S. and Chi, C. Y. and Chiba, J. and Chiu, M. and Choi, I. J. and Chujo, T. and Chung, P. and Churyn, A. and Cianciolo, V. and Cleven, C. R. and Cole, B. A. and Comets, M. P. and Constantin, P. and Csanad, M. and Csoergo, T. and Dahms, T. and Das, K. and David, G. and Deaton, M. B. and Dehmelt, K. and Delagrange, H. and Denisov, A. and d'Enterria, D. and Deshpande, A. and Desmond, E. J. and Dietzsch, O. and Dion, A. and Donadelli, M. and Drapier, O. and Drees, A. and Dubey, A. K. and Durum, A. and Dzhordzhadze, V. and Efremenko, Y. V. and Egdemir, J. and Ellinghaus, F. and Emam, W. S. and Enokizono, A. and En'yo, H. and Esumi, S. and Eyser, K. O. and Fields, D. E. and Finger, M. and Finger, M. Jr. and Fleuret, F. and Fokin, S. L. and Fraenkel, Z. and Frantz, J. E. and Franz, A. and Frawley, A. D. and Fujiwara, K. and Fukao, Y. and Fusayasu, T. and Gadrat, S. and Garishvili, A. and Garishvili, I. and Glenn, A. and Gong, H. and Gonin, M. and Gosset, J. and Goto, Y. and de Cassagnac, R. Granier and Grau, N. and Greene, S. V. and Perdekamp, M. Grosse and Gunji, T. and Gustafsson, Hans-Åke and Hachiya, T. and Henni, A. Hadj and Haegemann, C. and Haggerty, J. S. and Hamagaki, H. and Han, R. and Harada, H. and Hartouni, E. P. and Haruna, K. and Haslum, Eva and Hayano, R. and He, X. and Heffner, M. and Hemmick, T. K. and Hester, T. and Hiejima, H. and Hill, J. C. and Hobbs, R. and Hohlmann, M. and Holzmann, W. and Homma, K. and Hong, B. and Horaguchi, T. and Hornback, D. and Ichihara, T. and Iinuma, H. and Imai, K. and Inaba, M. and Inoue, Y. and Isenhower, D. and Isenhower, L. and Ishihara, M. and Isobe, T. and Issah, M. and Isupov, A. and Jacak, B. V. and Jia, J. and Jin, J. and Jinnouchi, O. and Johnson, B. M. and Joo, K. S. and Jouan, D. and Kajihara, F. and Kametani, S. and Kamihara, N. and Kamin, J. and Kaneta, M. and Kang, J. H. and Kanou, H. and Kawall, D. and Kazantsev, A. V. and Khanzadeev, A. and Kikuchi, J. and Kim, D. H. and Kim, D. J. and Kim, E. and Kinney, E. and Kiss, A. and Kistenev, E. and Kiyomichi, A. and Klay, J. and Klein-Boesing, C. and Kochenda, L. and Kochetkov, V. and Komkov, B. and Konno, M. and Kotchetkov, D. and Kozlov, A. and Kral, A. and Kravitz, A. and Kubart, J. and Kunde, G. J. and Kurihara, N. and Kurita, K. and Kweon, M. J. and Kwon, Y. and Kyle, G. S. and Lacey, R. and Lai, Y. S. and Lajoie, J. G. and Lebedev, A. and Lee, D. M. and Lee, M. K. and Lee, T. and Leitch, M. J. and Leite, M. A. L. and Lenzi, B. and Li, X. and Liska, T. and Litvinenko, A. and Liu, M. X. and Love, B. and Lynch, D. and Maguire, C. F. and Makdisi, Y. I. and Malakhov, A. and Malik, M. D. and Manko, V. I. and Mao, Y. and Masek, L. and Masui, H. and Matathias, F. and McCumber, M. and McGaughey, P. L. and Miake, Y. and Mikes, P. and Miki, K. and Miller, T. E. and Milov, A. and Mioduszewski, S. and Mishra, M. and Mitchell, J. T. and Mitrovski, M. and Morreale, A. and Morrison, D. P. and Moukhanova, T. V. and Mukhopadhyay, D. and Murata, J. and Nagamiya, S. and Nagata, Y. and Nagle, J. L. and Naglis, M. and Nakagawa, I. and Nakamiya, Y. and Nakamura, T. and Nakano, K. and Newby, J. and Nguyen, M. and Norman, B. E. and Nouicer, R. and Nyanin, A. S. and O'Brien, E. and Oda, S. X. and Ogilvie, C. A. and Ohnishi, H. and Oka, M. and Okada, K. and Omiwade, O. O. and Oskarsson, Anders and Ouchida, M. and Ozawa, K. and Pak, R. and Pal, D. and Palounek, A. P. T. and Pantuev, V. and Papavassiliou, V. and Park, J. and Park, W. J. and Pate, S. F. and Pei, H. and Peng, J. -C. and Pereira, H. and Peresedov, V. and Peressounko, D. Yu. and Pinkenburg, C. and Purschke, M. L. and Purwar, A. K. and Qu, H. and Rak, J. and Rakotozafindrabe, A. and Ravinovich, I. and Read, K. F. and Rembeczki, S. and Reuter, M. and Reygers, K. and Riabov, V. and Riabov, Y. and Roche, G. and Romana, A. and Rosati, M. and Rosendahl, Sarah and Rosnet, P. and Rukoyatkin, P. and Rykov, V. L. and Sahlmueller, B. and Saito, N. and Sakaguchi, T. and Sakai, S. and Sakata, H. and Samsonov, V. and Sato, S. and Sawada, S. and Seele, J. and Seidl, R. and Semenov, V. and Seto, R. and Sharma, D. and Shein, I. and Shevel, A. and Shibata, T. -A. and Shigaki, K. and Shimomura, M. and Shoji, K. and Sickles, A. and Silva, C. L. and Silvermyr, D. and Silvestre, C. and Sim, K. S. and Singh, C. P. and Singh, V. and Skutnik, S. and Slunecka, M. and Soldatov, A. and Soltz, R. A. and Sondheim, W. E. and Sorensen, S. P. and Sourikova, I. V. and Staley, F. and Stankus, P. W. and Stenlund, Evert and Stepanov, M. and Ster, A. and Stoll, S. P. and Sugitate, T. and Suire, C. and Sziklai, J. and Tabaru, T. and Takagi, S. and Takagui, E. M. and Taketani, A. and Tanaka, Y. and Tanida, K. and Tannenbaum, M. J. and Taranenko, A. and Tarjan, P. and Thomas, T. L. and Togawa, M. and Toia, A. and Tojo, J. and Tomasek, L. and Torii, H. and Towell, R. S. and Tram, V-N. and Tserruya, I. and Tsuchimoto, Y. and Vale, C. and Valle, H. and van Hecke, H. W. and Velkovska, J. and Vertesi, R. and Vinogradov, A. A. and Virius, M. and Vrba, V. and Vznuzdaev, E. and Wagner, M. and Walker, D. and Wang, X. R. and Watanabe, Y. and Wessels, J. and White, S. N. and Winter, D. and Woody, C. L. and Wysocki, M. and Xie, W. and Yamaguchi, Y. L. and Yanovich, A. and Yasin, Z. and Ying, J. and Yokkaichi, S. and Young, G. R. and Younus, I. and Yushmanov, I. E. and Zajc, W. A. and Zaudtke, O. and Zhang, C. and Zhou, S. and Zimanyi, J. and Zolin, L.},
  issn         = {0556-2813},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  publisher    = {American Physical Society},
  series       = {Physical Review C (Nuclear Physics)},
  title        = {Nuclear-modification factor for open-heavy-flavor production at forward rapidity in Cu plus Cu collisions at root s(NN)=200 GeV},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.86.024909},
  volume       = {86},
  year         = {2012},
}