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Ergonomics in the operating room

Gremark-Simonsen, Jenny LU ; Arvidsson, Inger LU and Nordander, Catarina LU (2012) In Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation 41. p.5644-5646
Abstract
Surgical staff is considered to have several ergonomic risk factors, but their physical workload and musculoskeletal health have seldom been evaluated. Clinical examinations of neck and upper extremities were performed in 99 theatre nurses and 93 assisting nurses, all females. Their physical workload was assessed by questionnaire, and by technical measurements of postures, movements and muscular load in subgroups of both categories. The prevalences of diagnoses in neck/shoulders were not remarkably high in the nurses, compared to other occupational groups. In elbows/hands though, the prevalence was rather high among assistant nurses, 13 vs. 5% in theatre nurses; POR 3.0 (CI 95% 1.0-8.9). Theatre nurses experienced prolonged static postures... (More)
Surgical staff is considered to have several ergonomic risk factors, but their physical workload and musculoskeletal health have seldom been evaluated. Clinical examinations of neck and upper extremities were performed in 99 theatre nurses and 93 assisting nurses, all females. Their physical workload was assessed by questionnaire, and by technical measurements of postures, movements and muscular load in subgroups of both categories. The prevalences of diagnoses in neck/shoulders were not remarkably high in the nurses, compared to other occupational groups. In elbows/hands though, the prevalence was rather high among assistant nurses, 13 vs. 5% in theatre nurses; POR 3.0 (CI 95% 1.0-8.9). Theatre nurses experienced prolonged static postures in the questionnaire, whilst assistant nurses reported high physical load. Accordingly, the technical measurements showed more strenuous working postures in the theatre nurses, but lower wrist angular velocities. The time proportion of muscular rest in m. trapezius was rather high in both groups. Although both groups had some stressful loads they had relatively low prevalence of diagnoses in neck/shoulders. The high proportion of muscular rest may be protective. The elevated risk of elbows/hands diagnoses among assistant nurses may be explained by strenuous work tasks of short duration. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Physical load, technical measurements, mechanical and physical indices, musculoskeletal disorders
in
Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation
volume
41
pages
5644 - 5646
publisher
IOS Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000306361805169
  • scopus:84859853680
ISSN
1875-9270
DOI
10.3233/WOR-2012-0905-5644
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
dca4b725-1c54-41b7-941c-bec48eae6772 (old id 3069394)
date added to LUP
2012-10-05 07:03:28
date last changed
2017-07-23 04:03:29
@article{dca4b725-1c54-41b7-941c-bec48eae6772,
  abstract     = {Surgical staff is considered to have several ergonomic risk factors, but their physical workload and musculoskeletal health have seldom been evaluated. Clinical examinations of neck and upper extremities were performed in 99 theatre nurses and 93 assisting nurses, all females. Their physical workload was assessed by questionnaire, and by technical measurements of postures, movements and muscular load in subgroups of both categories. The prevalences of diagnoses in neck/shoulders were not remarkably high in the nurses, compared to other occupational groups. In elbows/hands though, the prevalence was rather high among assistant nurses, 13 vs. 5% in theatre nurses; POR 3.0 (CI 95% 1.0-8.9). Theatre nurses experienced prolonged static postures in the questionnaire, whilst assistant nurses reported high physical load. Accordingly, the technical measurements showed more strenuous working postures in the theatre nurses, but lower wrist angular velocities. The time proportion of muscular rest in m. trapezius was rather high in both groups. Although both groups had some stressful loads they had relatively low prevalence of diagnoses in neck/shoulders. The high proportion of muscular rest may be protective. The elevated risk of elbows/hands diagnoses among assistant nurses may be explained by strenuous work tasks of short duration.},
  author       = {Gremark-Simonsen, Jenny and Arvidsson, Inger and Nordander, Catarina},
  issn         = {1875-9270},
  keyword      = {Physical load,technical measurements,mechanical and physical indices,musculoskeletal disorders},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {5644--5646},
  publisher    = {IOS Press},
  series       = {Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation},
  title        = {Ergonomics in the operating room},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/WOR-2012-0905-5644},
  volume       = {41},
  year         = {2012},
}