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An extensive late Holocene glacier advance of Kotlujokull, central south Iceland

Schomacker, Anders LU ; Kruger, J and Larsen, G (2003) In Quaternary Science Reviews 22(14). p.1427-1434
Abstract
This paper presents data on an extensive late Holocene advance of Kotlujokull, a southeastern outlet glacier from the ice cap Myrdalsjokull, central south Iceland. During the advance, basal till was deposited on top of a volcanic ash layer resting on lava hummocks. Remnants of this landscape are now seen 3.5-5.5 km in front of Kotlujokull as a fragment surrounded by the Myrdalssandur. Electron microprobe analysis of the volcanic ash shows that it is silicic and originates from the volcano Katla underneath Myrdalsjokull. A C-14 AMS date on a twig fragment sampled in the upper part of the volcanic ash layer provides a maximum age of the till of 1610 +/- 40 yr BP, and this is supported by tephrochronological and geochemical analyses of the... (More)
This paper presents data on an extensive late Holocene advance of Kotlujokull, a southeastern outlet glacier from the ice cap Myrdalsjokull, central south Iceland. During the advance, basal till was deposited on top of a volcanic ash layer resting on lava hummocks. Remnants of this landscape are now seen 3.5-5.5 km in front of Kotlujokull as a fragment surrounded by the Myrdalssandur. Electron microprobe analysis of the volcanic ash shows that it is silicic and originates from the volcano Katla underneath Myrdalsjokull. A C-14 AMS date on a twig fragment sampled in the upper part of the volcanic ash layer provides a maximum age of the till of 1610 +/- 40 yr BP, and this is supported by tephrochronological and geochemical analyses of the volcanic ash. It is concluded that Kotlujokull must have advanced more than 5.5 km from its present position after 1.6 kyr 13P. This advance is much more extensive than the Little Ice Age (LIA) advance and took place in a relatively cold period also identified in the Greenland ice cores and the diatom record in the seas surrounding Iceland. In the proglacial environment in front of the Icelandic ice caps, the preservation potential of older end-moraines is strongly restricted due to intense glaciofluvial erosion. Therefore, the LIA end-moraines have in many cases been interpreted as marking the outermost Holocene glacier front position. This study as well as other recent results stresses the fact that the "LIA glacial maximum" in Iceland may not be identical to the Holocene glacial maximum, and that far more case studies with well-constrained dating control are needed. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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organization
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Contribution to journal
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published
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in
Quaternary Science Reviews
volume
22
issue
14
pages
1427 - 1434
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000183932500005
  • scopus:0038757922
ISSN
0277-3791
DOI
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9f90146f-1f2e-4da1-8a06-f18a8e0c7bf4 (old id 306968)
date added to LUP
2007-09-21 11:27:02
date last changed
2018-05-29 09:26:25
@article{9f90146f-1f2e-4da1-8a06-f18a8e0c7bf4,
  abstract     = {This paper presents data on an extensive late Holocene advance of Kotlujokull, a southeastern outlet glacier from the ice cap Myrdalsjokull, central south Iceland. During the advance, basal till was deposited on top of a volcanic ash layer resting on lava hummocks. Remnants of this landscape are now seen 3.5-5.5 km in front of Kotlujokull as a fragment surrounded by the Myrdalssandur. Electron microprobe analysis of the volcanic ash shows that it is silicic and originates from the volcano Katla underneath Myrdalsjokull. A C-14 AMS date on a twig fragment sampled in the upper part of the volcanic ash layer provides a maximum age of the till of 1610 +/- 40 yr BP, and this is supported by tephrochronological and geochemical analyses of the volcanic ash. It is concluded that Kotlujokull must have advanced more than 5.5 km from its present position after 1.6 kyr 13P. This advance is much more extensive than the Little Ice Age (LIA) advance and took place in a relatively cold period also identified in the Greenland ice cores and the diatom record in the seas surrounding Iceland. In the proglacial environment in front of the Icelandic ice caps, the preservation potential of older end-moraines is strongly restricted due to intense glaciofluvial erosion. Therefore, the LIA end-moraines have in many cases been interpreted as marking the outermost Holocene glacier front position. This study as well as other recent results stresses the fact that the "LIA glacial maximum" in Iceland may not be identical to the Holocene glacial maximum, and that far more case studies with well-constrained dating control are needed. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Schomacker, Anders and Kruger, J and Larsen, G},
  issn         = {0277-3791},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {14},
  pages        = {1427--1434},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Quaternary Science Reviews},
  title        = {An extensive late Holocene glacier advance of Kotlujokull, central south Iceland},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {2003},
}