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Temperature Dependence of Oxygen Dynamics and Community Metabolism in a Shallow Mediterranean Macroalgal Meadow (Caulerpa prolifera)

Vaquer-Sunyer, Raquel LU ; Duarte, Carlos M.; Jorda, Gabriel and Ruiz-Halpern, Sergio (2012) In Estuaries and Coasts 35(5). p.1182-1192
Abstract
Hypoxia is emerging as a major threat to marine coastal biota. Predicting its occurrence and elucidating the driving factors are essential to set successful management targets to avoid its occurrence. This study aims to elucidate the effects of warming on the likelihood of hypoxia. High-frequency dissolved oxygen measurements have been used to estimate gross primary production (GPP), net ecosystem production (NEP) and community respiration (CR) in a shallow macroalgae (Caulerpa prolifera) ecosystem in a highly human-influenced closed Mediterranean bay. Daily averaged GPP and CR ranged from 0 to 1,240.9 and 51.4 to 1,297.3 mmol O-2 m(-2) day(-1), respectively. The higher GPP and CR were calculated for the same day, when daily averaged water... (More)
Hypoxia is emerging as a major threat to marine coastal biota. Predicting its occurrence and elucidating the driving factors are essential to set successful management targets to avoid its occurrence. This study aims to elucidate the effects of warming on the likelihood of hypoxia. High-frequency dissolved oxygen measurements have been used to estimate gross primary production (GPP), net ecosystem production (NEP) and community respiration (CR) in a shallow macroalgae (Caulerpa prolifera) ecosystem in a highly human-influenced closed Mediterranean bay. Daily averaged GPP and CR ranged from 0 to 1,240.9 and 51.4 to 1,297.3 mmol O-2 m(-2) day(-1), respectively. The higher GPP and CR were calculated for the same day, when daily averaged water temperature was 28.3 A degrees C, and resulted in a negative NEP of -56.4 mmol O-2 m(-2) day(-1). The ecosystem was net heterotrophic during the studied period, probably subsidized by allochthonous organic inputs from ground waters and from the surrounding town and boating activity. Oxygen dynamics and metabolic rates strongly depend on water temperature, with lower oxygen content at higher temperatures. The probability of hypoxic conditions increased at a rate of 0.39 % A degrees C-1 (+/- 0.14 % A degrees C-1). Global warming will increase the likelihood of hypoxia in the bay studied, as well as in other semi-enclosed bays. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Warming, Benthic metabolism, Hypoxia, Global change, Eutrophication
in
Estuaries and Coasts
volume
35
issue
5
pages
1182 - 1192
publisher
Estuarine Research Federation
external identifiers
  • wos:000307332400003
  • scopus:84865535415
ISSN
1559-2731
DOI
10.1007/s12237-012-9514-y
project
BECC
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4ae6a13f-0583-493e-80ed-b47bb1256c4c (old id 3070063)
date added to LUP
2012-09-26 08:50:55
date last changed
2017-07-23 03:26:43
@article{4ae6a13f-0583-493e-80ed-b47bb1256c4c,
  abstract     = {Hypoxia is emerging as a major threat to marine coastal biota. Predicting its occurrence and elucidating the driving factors are essential to set successful management targets to avoid its occurrence. This study aims to elucidate the effects of warming on the likelihood of hypoxia. High-frequency dissolved oxygen measurements have been used to estimate gross primary production (GPP), net ecosystem production (NEP) and community respiration (CR) in a shallow macroalgae (Caulerpa prolifera) ecosystem in a highly human-influenced closed Mediterranean bay. Daily averaged GPP and CR ranged from 0 to 1,240.9 and 51.4 to 1,297.3 mmol O-2 m(-2) day(-1), respectively. The higher GPP and CR were calculated for the same day, when daily averaged water temperature was 28.3 A degrees C, and resulted in a negative NEP of -56.4 mmol O-2 m(-2) day(-1). The ecosystem was net heterotrophic during the studied period, probably subsidized by allochthonous organic inputs from ground waters and from the surrounding town and boating activity. Oxygen dynamics and metabolic rates strongly depend on water temperature, with lower oxygen content at higher temperatures. The probability of hypoxic conditions increased at a rate of 0.39 % A degrees C-1 (+/- 0.14 % A degrees C-1). Global warming will increase the likelihood of hypoxia in the bay studied, as well as in other semi-enclosed bays.},
  author       = {Vaquer-Sunyer, Raquel and Duarte, Carlos M. and Jorda, Gabriel and Ruiz-Halpern, Sergio},
  issn         = {1559-2731},
  keyword      = {Warming,Benthic metabolism,Hypoxia,Global change,Eutrophication},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {1182--1192},
  publisher    = {Estuarine Research Federation},
  series       = {Estuaries and Coasts},
  title        = {Temperature Dependence of Oxygen Dynamics and Community Metabolism in a Shallow Mediterranean Macroalgal Meadow (Caulerpa prolifera)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12237-012-9514-y},
  volume       = {35},
  year         = {2012},
}