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Wind erosion on arable land in Scania, Sweden and the relation to the wind climate - a review

Bärring, Lars LU ; Jonsson, P; Mattsson, Jan LU and Åhman, Richard LU (2003) In Catena 52(3-4). p.173-190
Abstract
This paper addresses variations in the wind climate in relation to changes in the impact of wind erosion on agricultural lands with Scania, the southernmost province of Sweden, as an example. The literature concerning wind erosion in the region is reviewed and the conclusions are linked to recent analyses of the regional wind climate. Presently, wind erosion occasionally induces problems in light soil areas of the intensively cultivated Scania. It is not a new phenomenon that results from modem farming practice; it was documented already in the 18th century. This was an era of major land use changes because the increasing population required new and more vulnerable areas to be cultivated, which resulted in an ecological crisis due to... (More)
This paper addresses variations in the wind climate in relation to changes in the impact of wind erosion on agricultural lands with Scania, the southernmost province of Sweden, as an example. The literature concerning wind erosion in the region is reviewed and the conclusions are linked to recent analyses of the regional wind climate. Presently, wind erosion occasionally induces problems in light soil areas of the intensively cultivated Scania. It is not a new phenomenon that results from modem farming practice; it was documented already in the 18th century. This was an era of major land use changes because the increasing population required new and more vulnerable areas to be cultivated, which resulted in an ecological crisis due to increased wind erosion. Partly overlapping in time, a series of land amalgamation reforms transformed the land-use resulting in larger fields. Analyses of the frequency of wind directions indicate that variations in the large-scale wind climate occurred at that time. Wind erosion again became a topic of concern in the 20th century. Extensive analyses of several aspects of the wind climate (e.g., storminess and cyclone intensity) of Scandinavia and northwestern Europe show that there have been interdecadal variations but no sign of an overall long-term trend. The recurring periods of intensified wind erosion problems can best be explained as the combined result of a varying wind climate and the lack of appropriate long-term maintenance strategies for protective measures through the intervening periods of benign wind climate. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
weather, synoptic pressure patterns, agricultural development, use, land, landscape history, southern Sweden, Scania, wind erosion, skane, patterns, winds, erosivity, climate impact, climate variation
in
Catena
volume
52
issue
3-4
pages
173 - 190
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000183645700002
  • scopus:17144453849
ISSN
0341-8162
DOI
10.1016/S0341-8162(03)00013-4
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5fb53d4d-48e7-4517-9ecd-e72cd0e7be6e (old id 308236)
date added to LUP
2007-08-22 15:30:55
date last changed
2017-09-03 04:28:53
@article{5fb53d4d-48e7-4517-9ecd-e72cd0e7be6e,
  abstract     = {This paper addresses variations in the wind climate in relation to changes in the impact of wind erosion on agricultural lands with Scania, the southernmost province of Sweden, as an example. The literature concerning wind erosion in the region is reviewed and the conclusions are linked to recent analyses of the regional wind climate. Presently, wind erosion occasionally induces problems in light soil areas of the intensively cultivated Scania. It is not a new phenomenon that results from modem farming practice; it was documented already in the 18th century. This was an era of major land use changes because the increasing population required new and more vulnerable areas to be cultivated, which resulted in an ecological crisis due to increased wind erosion. Partly overlapping in time, a series of land amalgamation reforms transformed the land-use resulting in larger fields. Analyses of the frequency of wind directions indicate that variations in the large-scale wind climate occurred at that time. Wind erosion again became a topic of concern in the 20th century. Extensive analyses of several aspects of the wind climate (e.g., storminess and cyclone intensity) of Scandinavia and northwestern Europe show that there have been interdecadal variations but no sign of an overall long-term trend. The recurring periods of intensified wind erosion problems can best be explained as the combined result of a varying wind climate and the lack of appropriate long-term maintenance strategies for protective measures through the intervening periods of benign wind climate. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Bärring, Lars and Jonsson, P and Mattsson, Jan and Åhman, Richard},
  issn         = {0341-8162},
  keyword      = {weather,synoptic pressure patterns,agricultural development,use,land,landscape history,southern Sweden,Scania,wind erosion,skane,patterns,winds,erosivity,climate impact,climate variation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3-4},
  pages        = {173--190},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Catena},
  title        = {Wind erosion on arable land in Scania, Sweden and the relation to the wind climate - a review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0341-8162(03)00013-4},
  volume       = {52},
  year         = {2003},
}