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Cooperation with public research institutions and success in innovation: Evidence from France and Germany

Robin, Stephane and Schubert, Torben LU (2013) In Research Policy 42(1). p.149-166
Abstract
We evaluate the impact of cooperation with public research on firms' product and process innovations in France and Germany using Community Innovation Survey data from 2004 and 2008. We find that cooperating with public research increases product innovation, but has no effect on process innovation, which depends more on firms' openness. Our benchmark estimates, which are very similar in 2004 and 2008, suggest that the increase in product innovation is much higher in Germany than in France. Endogeneity tests show that the French benchmark estimate may be somewhat biased in 2004 but not in 2008, which hints at a persistent gap in the effect of cooperation between France and Germany. We derive two important policy implications from our... (More)
We evaluate the impact of cooperation with public research on firms' product and process innovations in France and Germany using Community Innovation Survey data from 2004 and 2008. We find that cooperating with public research increases product innovation, but has no effect on process innovation, which depends more on firms' openness. Our benchmark estimates, which are very similar in 2004 and 2008, suggest that the increase in product innovation is much higher in Germany than in France. Endogeneity tests show that the French benchmark estimate may be somewhat biased in 2004 but not in 2008, which hints at a persistent gap in the effect of cooperation between France and Germany. We derive two important policy implications from our results. First, public private collaborations in research should not be encouraged at all costs, since they may not sustain all forms of innovation. Second, the changes in the institutional context of public-private partnerships in research which have been implemented between 2004 and 2008 have yet to prove effective in sustaining the innovation impact of cooperation. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Public/private research partnerships, University/industry linkages, Innovativeness, Heckit procedure with endogenous regressors
in
Research Policy
volume
42
issue
1
pages
149 - 166
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000313374400013
  • scopus:84870362453
ISSN
0048-7333
DOI
10.1016/j.respol.2012.06.002
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3104a2f0-c79d-4b48-bfc4-98095f54db52 (old id 3470490)
date added to LUP
2013-02-25 08:23:28
date last changed
2019-08-07 02:02:45
@article{3104a2f0-c79d-4b48-bfc4-98095f54db52,
  abstract     = {We evaluate the impact of cooperation with public research on firms' product and process innovations in France and Germany using Community Innovation Survey data from 2004 and 2008. We find that cooperating with public research increases product innovation, but has no effect on process innovation, which depends more on firms' openness. Our benchmark estimates, which are very similar in 2004 and 2008, suggest that the increase in product innovation is much higher in Germany than in France. Endogeneity tests show that the French benchmark estimate may be somewhat biased in 2004 but not in 2008, which hints at a persistent gap in the effect of cooperation between France and Germany. We derive two important policy implications from our results. First, public private collaborations in research should not be encouraged at all costs, since they may not sustain all forms of innovation. Second, the changes in the institutional context of public-private partnerships in research which have been implemented between 2004 and 2008 have yet to prove effective in sustaining the innovation impact of cooperation. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Robin, Stephane and Schubert, Torben},
  issn         = {0048-7333},
  keyword      = {Public/private research partnerships,University/industry linkages,Innovativeness,Heckit procedure with endogenous regressors},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {149--166},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Research Policy},
  title        = {Cooperation with public research institutions and success in innovation: Evidence from France and Germany},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2012.06.002},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2013},
}