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Refugee species : which historic baseline should inform conservation planning?

Kuemmerle, Tobias; Hickler, Thomas LU ; Olofsson, Jörgen LU ; Schurgers, Guy LU and Radeloff, Volker C (2012) In Diversity and Distributions 18(12). p.1258-1261
Abstract
Understanding species’ historical ranges can provide important information for conservation planning in the face of environmental change. Cromsigt et al. (this issue) comment on our recent European bison (Bison bonasus) range reconstruction, suggesting that bison were already 8000 years ago a refugee species (i.e. restricted to marginal habitat due to past human pressure) and that species distribution models (SDM) are generally of limited use for refugee species conservation. While we welcome this discussion, we find no evidence for the claim that human pressure prior to 8000 BP determined where bison occurred. More importantly, as human pressure is generally high and increasing, attempts to restore species across their former range may... (More)
Understanding species’ historical ranges can provide important information for conservation planning in the face of environmental change. Cromsigt et al. (this issue) comment on our recent European bison (Bison bonasus) range reconstruction, suggesting that bison were already 8000 years ago a refugee species (i.e. restricted to marginal habitat due to past human pressure) and that species distribution models (SDM) are generally of limited use for refugee species conservation. While we welcome this discussion, we find no evidence for the claim that human pressure prior to 8000 BP determined where bison occurred. More importantly, as human pressure is generally high and increasing, attempts to restore species across their former range may fail where the factors that relegated species into refugee status are still at play or where their optimal habitat has vanished. Identifying areas where human pressure is low and where refugee species have persisted over the last millennia is crucial, and SDM based on historical data are important for doing so. Refugee species suffer from the shifting baseline syndrome, but careful reality checks are needed and all available data should be considered before determining the baseline that should inform conservation planning. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Conservation planning, European bison, refugee species, species distribution models
in
Diversity and Distributions
volume
18
issue
12
pages
1258 - 1261
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000310727500011
  • scopus:84868575005
ISSN
1366-9516
DOI
10.1111/ddi.12013
project
BECC
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d3d6f65f-c65b-4f45-b13e-82d0ef6906c6 (old id 3127652)
date added to LUP
2012-12-12 10:49:05
date last changed
2017-05-07 04:02:41
@article{d3d6f65f-c65b-4f45-b13e-82d0ef6906c6,
  abstract     = {Understanding species’ historical ranges can provide important information for conservation planning in the face of environmental change. Cromsigt et al. (this issue) comment on our recent European bison (Bison bonasus) range reconstruction, suggesting that bison were already 8000 years ago a refugee species (i.e. restricted to marginal habitat due to past human pressure) and that species distribution models (SDM) are generally of limited use for refugee species conservation. While we welcome this discussion, we find no evidence for the claim that human pressure prior to 8000 BP determined where bison occurred. More importantly, as human pressure is generally high and increasing, attempts to restore species across their former range may fail where the factors that relegated species into refugee status are still at play or where their optimal habitat has vanished. Identifying areas where human pressure is low and where refugee species have persisted over the last millennia is crucial, and SDM based on historical data are important for doing so. Refugee species suffer from the shifting baseline syndrome, but careful reality checks are needed and all available data should be considered before determining the baseline that should inform conservation planning.},
  author       = {Kuemmerle, Tobias and Hickler, Thomas and Olofsson, Jörgen and Schurgers, Guy and Radeloff, Volker C},
  issn         = {1366-9516},
  keyword      = {Conservation planning,European bison,refugee species,species distribution models},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {1258--1261},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Diversity and Distributions},
  title        = {Refugee species : which historic baseline should inform conservation planning?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12013},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {2012},
}