Advanced

Heating detached houses in urban areas

Gustavsson, Leif and Karlsson, Åsa LU (2003) In Energy 28(8). p.851-875
Abstract
District heating systems using cogeneration, as well as local fuel-based and electric heating systems for detached houses, are analysed. The analysis includes the whole energy system, from the natural resource to the end user, with respect to primary energy use, emission and cost. The end-use technologies studied are heat pumps, resistance heaters and boilers. It was assumed that the base-load electricity, except for the cogenerated electricity, was produced in stand-alone power plants using wood chips or natural gas, while peak-load electricity and fuel used for transportation were produced from crude oil. The heat pump and district heating systems are found to be most energy efficient, followed by the local fuel-based systems. The... (More)
District heating systems using cogeneration, as well as local fuel-based and electric heating systems for detached houses, are analysed. The analysis includes the whole energy system, from the natural resource to the end user, with respect to primary energy use, emission and cost. The end-use technologies studied are heat pumps, resistance heaters and boilers. It was assumed that the base-load electricity, except for the cogenerated electricity, was produced in stand-alone power plants using wood chips or natural gas, while peak-load electricity and fuel used for transportation were produced from crude oil. The heat pump and district heating systems are found to be most energy efficient, followed by the local fuel-based systems. The wood-fuel-based systems emit about one tenth of the greenhouse gases emitted by the natural-gas-based systems. The sulphur and nitrogen oxide emission, however, is higher for wood-fuel-based systems. Systems based on natural gas are less expensive than the corresponding wood-fuel-based systems. Decarbonization and carbon dioxide sequestration, however, do not reduce the carbon dioxide emission to the low level of the wood-fuel-based systems and, in addition, make the natural-gas-based systems more expensive than the wood-fuel-based systems. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Energy
volume
28
issue
8
pages
851 - 875
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000182285000007
  • scopus:0037408840
ISSN
1873-6785
DOI
10.1016/S0360-5442(02)00165-2
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2c6ae8dc-9a84-4e0f-a0ce-d7cf4478f0e0 (old id 313093)
date added to LUP
2007-09-03 13:23:13
date last changed
2018-01-07 05:41:00
@article{2c6ae8dc-9a84-4e0f-a0ce-d7cf4478f0e0,
  abstract     = {District heating systems using cogeneration, as well as local fuel-based and electric heating systems for detached houses, are analysed. The analysis includes the whole energy system, from the natural resource to the end user, with respect to primary energy use, emission and cost. The end-use technologies studied are heat pumps, resistance heaters and boilers. It was assumed that the base-load electricity, except for the cogenerated electricity, was produced in stand-alone power plants using wood chips or natural gas, while peak-load electricity and fuel used for transportation were produced from crude oil. The heat pump and district heating systems are found to be most energy efficient, followed by the local fuel-based systems. The wood-fuel-based systems emit about one tenth of the greenhouse gases emitted by the natural-gas-based systems. The sulphur and nitrogen oxide emission, however, is higher for wood-fuel-based systems. Systems based on natural gas are less expensive than the corresponding wood-fuel-based systems. Decarbonization and carbon dioxide sequestration, however, do not reduce the carbon dioxide emission to the low level of the wood-fuel-based systems and, in addition, make the natural-gas-based systems more expensive than the wood-fuel-based systems. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Gustavsson, Leif and Karlsson, Åsa},
  issn         = {1873-6785},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {851--875},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Energy},
  title        = {Heating detached houses in urban areas},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0360-5442(02)00165-2},
  volume       = {28},
  year         = {2003},
}