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Imidazoline NNC77-0074 stimulates insulin secretion and inhibits glucagon release by control of Ca2+-dependent exocytosis in pancreatic alpha- and beta-cells

Hoy, M; Olsen, HL; Andersen, HS; Bokvist, K; Buschard, K; Hansen, J; Jacobsen, P; Petersen, JS; Rorsman, Patrik LU and Gromada, J (2003) In European Journal of Pharmacology 466(1-2). p.213-221
Abstract
We have investigated the effects of the novel imidazoline compound (+)-2-(2-(4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-thiopene-2-yl-ethyl)pyridine (NNC77-0074) on stimulus-secretion coupling in isolated pancreatic alpha- and beta-cells. NNC77-0074 stimulated glucose-dependent insulin secretion in intact mouse pancreatic islets. No effect was observed at less than or equal to 2.5 mM glucose and maximal stimulation occurred at 10-15 mM glucose. NNC77-0074 produced a concentration-dependent stimulation of insulin secretion. Half-maximal (EC50) stimulation was observed at 24 muM and at maximally stimulatory concentrations insulin release was doubled. The stimulatory action of NNC77-0074 on insulin secretion was not associated with membrane depolarisation... (More)
We have investigated the effects of the novel imidazoline compound (+)-2-(2-(4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-thiopene-2-yl-ethyl)pyridine (NNC77-0074) on stimulus-secretion coupling in isolated pancreatic alpha- and beta-cells. NNC77-0074 stimulated glucose-dependent insulin secretion in intact mouse pancreatic islets. No effect was observed at less than or equal to 2.5 mM glucose and maximal stimulation occurred at 10-15 mM glucose. NNC77-0074 produced a concentration-dependent stimulation of insulin secretion. Half-maximal (EC50) stimulation was observed at 24 muM and at maximally stimulatory concentrations insulin release was doubled. The stimulatory action of NNC77-0074 on insulin secretion was not associated with membrane depolarisation or a change in the activity of ATP-sensitive K+ channels. Using capacitance measurements, we found that NNC77-0074 stimulated depolarisation-induced exocytosis 2.6-fold without affecting the whole-cell Ca2+ current when applied via the extracellular medium. The concentration dependence of the stimulatory action was determined by intracellular application of NNC77-0074 through the recording pipette. NNC77-0074 stimulated exocytosis half-maximal at 44 nM and at maximally stimulatory concentrations the rate of exocytosis was increased twofold. NNC77-0074 stimulated depolarised-induced insulin secretion from islets exposed to diazoxide and high external KCl (EC50 = 0.45 muM). The stimulatory action of NNC77-0074 was dependent on protein kinase C activity. NNC77-0074 potently inhibited glucagon secretion from rat islets (EC50 = I I nM). This was not associated with a change in spontaneous electrical activity and ATP-sensitive K channel activity but resulted from a reduction of the rate of Ca2+-dependent exocytosis in single rat alpha-cells (EC50=9 nM). Inhibition of exocytosis by NNC77-0074 was pertussis toxin-sensitive and mediated by activation of the protein phosphatase calcineurin. In rat somatotrophs, PC12 cells and mouse cortical neurons NNC77-0074 did not stimulate Ca2+-evoked exocytosis, whereas the other imidazoline compounds phentolamine and efaroxan produced 2.5-fold stimulation of exocytosis. Our data suggest that the imidazoline compound NNC77-0074 constitutes a novel class of antidiabetic compounds that stimulates glucose-dependent insulin release while inhibiting glucagon secretion. These actions are exclusively exerted by modulation of exocytosis of the insulin- and glucagon-containing granules. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
imidazoline compound, exocytosis, glucagon, pancreatic islet, insulin
in
European Journal of Pharmacology
volume
466
issue
1-2
pages
213 - 221
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000182187500025
  • pmid:12679159
  • scopus:10744220078
ISSN
1879-0712
DOI
10.1016/S0014-2999(03)01537-1
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3884a929-0bf4-491d-b1a3-646a7fa77ce3 (old id 313768)
date added to LUP
2007-09-13 11:22:59
date last changed
2018-05-29 09:23:12
@article{3884a929-0bf4-491d-b1a3-646a7fa77ce3,
  abstract     = {We have investigated the effects of the novel imidazoline compound (+)-2-(2-(4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-thiopene-2-yl-ethyl)pyridine (NNC77-0074) on stimulus-secretion coupling in isolated pancreatic alpha- and beta-cells. NNC77-0074 stimulated glucose-dependent insulin secretion in intact mouse pancreatic islets. No effect was observed at less than or equal to 2.5 mM glucose and maximal stimulation occurred at 10-15 mM glucose. NNC77-0074 produced a concentration-dependent stimulation of insulin secretion. Half-maximal (EC50) stimulation was observed at 24 muM and at maximally stimulatory concentrations insulin release was doubled. The stimulatory action of NNC77-0074 on insulin secretion was not associated with membrane depolarisation or a change in the activity of ATP-sensitive K+ channels. Using capacitance measurements, we found that NNC77-0074 stimulated depolarisation-induced exocytosis 2.6-fold without affecting the whole-cell Ca2+ current when applied via the extracellular medium. The concentration dependence of the stimulatory action was determined by intracellular application of NNC77-0074 through the recording pipette. NNC77-0074 stimulated exocytosis half-maximal at 44 nM and at maximally stimulatory concentrations the rate of exocytosis was increased twofold. NNC77-0074 stimulated depolarised-induced insulin secretion from islets exposed to diazoxide and high external KCl (EC50 = 0.45 muM). The stimulatory action of NNC77-0074 was dependent on protein kinase C activity. NNC77-0074 potently inhibited glucagon secretion from rat islets (EC50 = I I nM). This was not associated with a change in spontaneous electrical activity and ATP-sensitive K channel activity but resulted from a reduction of the rate of Ca2+-dependent exocytosis in single rat alpha-cells (EC50=9 nM). Inhibition of exocytosis by NNC77-0074 was pertussis toxin-sensitive and mediated by activation of the protein phosphatase calcineurin. In rat somatotrophs, PC12 cells and mouse cortical neurons NNC77-0074 did not stimulate Ca2+-evoked exocytosis, whereas the other imidazoline compounds phentolamine and efaroxan produced 2.5-fold stimulation of exocytosis. Our data suggest that the imidazoline compound NNC77-0074 constitutes a novel class of antidiabetic compounds that stimulates glucose-dependent insulin release while inhibiting glucagon secretion. These actions are exclusively exerted by modulation of exocytosis of the insulin- and glucagon-containing granules. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Hoy, M and Olsen, HL and Andersen, HS and Bokvist, K and Buschard, K and Hansen, J and Jacobsen, P and Petersen, JS and Rorsman, Patrik and Gromada, J},
  issn         = {1879-0712},
  keyword      = {imidazoline compound,exocytosis,glucagon,pancreatic islet,insulin},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-2},
  pages        = {213--221},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {European Journal of Pharmacology},
  title        = {Imidazoline NNC77-0074 stimulates insulin secretion and inhibits glucagon release by control of Ca2+-dependent exocytosis in pancreatic alpha- and beta-cells},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0014-2999(03)01537-1},
  volume       = {466},
  year         = {2003},
}