Advanced

Human impact and climate changes - synchronous events and a causal link?

Berglund, Björn LU (2003) In Quaternary International 105(1). p.7-12
Abstract
Interaction between cultural development and the natural environment is generally accepted. Holocene climate change is described as one of the main environmental factors behind a step-wise development of the cultural landscape in Northwest Europe. Seven periods of human impact changes-5900, 5500, 4500, 3800, 3000-2800, 1500 and 1100 cal. BP-are defined and compared with reconstructed climatic scenarios, based on insolation, glacier activity, lake and sea levels, bog growth, tree line, and tree growth. There is a positive correlation between human impact/land-use and climate change, although precise correlations are difficult because of weaknesses in the chronology. Future studies of annually laminated (varved) lake sediments and... (More)
Interaction between cultural development and the natural environment is generally accepted. Holocene climate change is described as one of the main environmental factors behind a step-wise development of the cultural landscape in Northwest Europe. Seven periods of human impact changes-5900, 5500, 4500, 3800, 3000-2800, 1500 and 1100 cal. BP-are defined and compared with reconstructed climatic scenarios, based on insolation, glacier activity, lake and sea levels, bog growth, tree line, and tree growth. There is a positive correlation between human impact/land-use and climate change, although precise correlations are difficult because of weaknesses in the chronology. Future studies of annually laminated (varved) lake sediments and wiggle-matched radiocarbon sequences are emphasized, as well as a combination of palaeoecology and archaeology. It is hypothesized that agrarian society and the landscape developed step-wise, dependent on the interaction between the technological/social complex and the ecological capacity of a region, highly influenced by climate. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd and INQUA. All rights reserved. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Quaternary International
volume
105
issue
1
pages
7 - 12
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000181793800002
  • scopus:0038783501
ISSN
1873-4553
DOI
10.1016/S1040-6182(02)00144-1
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0c009fd8-8106-460c-a650-bb8770fbbd78 (old id 315320)
date added to LUP
2007-08-23 08:31:03
date last changed
2018-02-18 03:39:42
@article{0c009fd8-8106-460c-a650-bb8770fbbd78,
  abstract     = {Interaction between cultural development and the natural environment is generally accepted. Holocene climate change is described as one of the main environmental factors behind a step-wise development of the cultural landscape in Northwest Europe. Seven periods of human impact changes-5900, 5500, 4500, 3800, 3000-2800, 1500 and 1100 cal. BP-are defined and compared with reconstructed climatic scenarios, based on insolation, glacier activity, lake and sea levels, bog growth, tree line, and tree growth. There is a positive correlation between human impact/land-use and climate change, although precise correlations are difficult because of weaknesses in the chronology. Future studies of annually laminated (varved) lake sediments and wiggle-matched radiocarbon sequences are emphasized, as well as a combination of palaeoecology and archaeology. It is hypothesized that agrarian society and the landscape developed step-wise, dependent on the interaction between the technological/social complex and the ecological capacity of a region, highly influenced by climate. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd and INQUA. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Berglund, Björn},
  issn         = {1873-4553},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {7--12},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Quaternary International},
  title        = {Human impact and climate changes - synchronous events and a causal link?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1040-6182(02)00144-1},
  volume       = {105},
  year         = {2003},
}