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Knee malalignment is associated with an increased risk for incident and enlarging bone marrow lesions in the more loaded compartments: the MOST study

Hayashi, D.; Englund, Martin LU ; Roemer, F. W.; Niu, J.; Sharma, L.; Felson, D. T.; Crema, M. D.; Marra, M. D.; Segal, N. A. and Lewis, C. E., et al. (2012) In Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 20(11). p.1227-1233
Abstract
Objective: To examine the relationship of knee malalignment with occurrence of incident and enlarging bone marrow lesions (BMLs) and regression of BMLs. Methods: Subjects from the Multicenter Osteoarthritis Study aged 50-79 years with or at high risk of knee osteoarthritis were studied. Full-limb radiographs were taken at baseline and hip-knee-ankle mechanical axis was measured. Baseline and 30-month magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of knees (n = 1782) were semiquantitatively assessed for BMLs. Outcome was defined as a change in BML score in femoral/tibial condyle in medial/lateral compartments. Medial compartment in varus alignment and lateral compartment in valgus alignment were combined to form 'more loaded' compartment, while lateral... (More)
Objective: To examine the relationship of knee malalignment with occurrence of incident and enlarging bone marrow lesions (BMLs) and regression of BMLs. Methods: Subjects from the Multicenter Osteoarthritis Study aged 50-79 years with or at high risk of knee osteoarthritis were studied. Full-limb radiographs were taken at baseline and hip-knee-ankle mechanical axis was measured. Baseline and 30-month magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of knees (n = 1782) were semiquantitatively assessed for BMLs. Outcome was defined as a change in BML score in femoral/tibial condyle in medial/lateral compartments. Medial compartment in varus alignment and lateral compartment in valgus alignment were combined to form 'more loaded' compartment, while lateral compartment in valgus and medial compartment in varus were combined to form 'less loaded' compartment. Relative risk (RR) of BML score increase or decrease in relation to malalignment was estimated using a log linear regression model with the Poisson assumption, adjusting for age, gender, body mass index, physical activity scale for the elderly, race and clinic site. Further, results were stratified by ipsilateral meniscal and cartilage status at baseline. Results: Baseline varus alignment was associated with higher risk of BML score increase from baseline to follow-up in the medial compartment [adjusted RRs (95%CI): 1.5 (1.2-1.9)] and valgus alignment in the lateral compartment [1.4 (1.0-2.1)]. Increase in BML score was more likely in the more loaded compartments [1.7 (1.4-2.0)] in malaligned knees. Regardless of ipsilateral cartilage or meniscus status, adjusted RR for BML score increase was higher in the more loaded compartments of malaligned knees than those with neutral alignment. Decrease in BML score was less likely in the more loaded compartments in malaligned knees [0.8 (0.7-1.0)]. Conclusion: Knee malalignment is associated with increased risk of incident and enlarging BMLs in the more loaded compartments of the tibiofemoral joint. (C) 2012 Osteoarthritis Research Society International. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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published
subject
keywords
Bone marrow lesion, Malalignment, Osteoarthritis, Knee, MRI
in
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
volume
20
issue
11
pages
1227 - 1233
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000309853400003
  • scopus:84866447669
ISSN
1063-4584
DOI
10.1016/j.joca.2012.07.020
language
English
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yes
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269bd77f-6b40-48f2-ab79-83c55b6a60d7 (old id 3174011)
date added to LUP
2012-12-03 06:53:25
date last changed
2017-10-29 03:20:23
@article{269bd77f-6b40-48f2-ab79-83c55b6a60d7,
  abstract     = {Objective: To examine the relationship of knee malalignment with occurrence of incident and enlarging bone marrow lesions (BMLs) and regression of BMLs. Methods: Subjects from the Multicenter Osteoarthritis Study aged 50-79 years with or at high risk of knee osteoarthritis were studied. Full-limb radiographs were taken at baseline and hip-knee-ankle mechanical axis was measured. Baseline and 30-month magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of knees (n = 1782) were semiquantitatively assessed for BMLs. Outcome was defined as a change in BML score in femoral/tibial condyle in medial/lateral compartments. Medial compartment in varus alignment and lateral compartment in valgus alignment were combined to form 'more loaded' compartment, while lateral compartment in valgus and medial compartment in varus were combined to form 'less loaded' compartment. Relative risk (RR) of BML score increase or decrease in relation to malalignment was estimated using a log linear regression model with the Poisson assumption, adjusting for age, gender, body mass index, physical activity scale for the elderly, race and clinic site. Further, results were stratified by ipsilateral meniscal and cartilage status at baseline. Results: Baseline varus alignment was associated with higher risk of BML score increase from baseline to follow-up in the medial compartment [adjusted RRs (95%CI): 1.5 (1.2-1.9)] and valgus alignment in the lateral compartment [1.4 (1.0-2.1)]. Increase in BML score was more likely in the more loaded compartments [1.7 (1.4-2.0)] in malaligned knees. Regardless of ipsilateral cartilage or meniscus status, adjusted RR for BML score increase was higher in the more loaded compartments of malaligned knees than those with neutral alignment. Decrease in BML score was less likely in the more loaded compartments in malaligned knees [0.8 (0.7-1.0)]. Conclusion: Knee malalignment is associated with increased risk of incident and enlarging BMLs in the more loaded compartments of the tibiofemoral joint. (C) 2012 Osteoarthritis Research Society International. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Hayashi, D. and Englund, Martin and Roemer, F. W. and Niu, J. and Sharma, L. and Felson, D. T. and Crema, M. D. and Marra, M. D. and Segal, N. A. and Lewis, C. E. and Nevitt, M. C. and Guermazi, A.},
  issn         = {1063-4584},
  keyword      = {Bone marrow lesion,Malalignment,Osteoarthritis,Knee,MRI},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {1227--1233},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Osteoarthritis and Cartilage},
  title        = {Knee malalignment is associated with an increased risk for incident and enlarging bone marrow lesions in the more loaded compartments: the MOST study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joca.2012.07.020},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2012},
}