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The Impact of Ancestry and Common Genetic Variants on QT Interval in African Americans.

Smith, Gustav LU ; Avery, Christy L; Evans, Daniel S; Nalls, Michael A; Meng, Yan A; Smith, Erin N; Palmer, Cameron; Tanaka, Toshiko; Mehra, Reena and Butler, Anne M, et al. (2012) In Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics 5(6). p.647-655
Abstract
BACKGROUND: -Ethnic differences in cardiac arrhythmia incidence have been reported, with a particularly high incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) and low incidence of atrial fibrillation in individuals of African ancestry. We tested the hypotheses that African ancestry and common genetic variants are associated with prolonged duration of cardiac repolarization, a central pathophysiological determinant of arrhythmia, as measured by the electrocardiographic QT interval. METHODS AND RESULTS: -First, individual estimates of African and European ancestry were inferred from genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data in seven population-based cohorts of African Americans (n=12 097) and regressed on measured QT interval from... (More)
BACKGROUND: -Ethnic differences in cardiac arrhythmia incidence have been reported, with a particularly high incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) and low incidence of atrial fibrillation in individuals of African ancestry. We tested the hypotheses that African ancestry and common genetic variants are associated with prolonged duration of cardiac repolarization, a central pathophysiological determinant of arrhythmia, as measured by the electrocardiographic QT interval. METHODS AND RESULTS: -First, individual estimates of African and European ancestry were inferred from genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data in seven population-based cohorts of African Americans (n=12 097) and regressed on measured QT interval from electrocardiograms. Second, imputation was performed for 2.8 million SNPs and a genome-wide association (GWA) study of QT interval performed in ten cohorts (n=13 105). There was no evidence of association between genetic ancestry and QT interval (p=0.94). Genome-wide significant associations (p<2.5x10(-8)) were identified with SNPs at two loci, upstream of the genes NOS1AP (rs12143842, p=2x10(-15)) and ATP1B1 (rs1320976, p=2x10(-10)). The most significant SNP in NOS1AP was the same as the strongest SNP previously associated with QT interval in individuals of European ancestry. Low p-values (p<10(-5)) were observed for SNPs at several other loci previously identified in GWA studies in individuals of European ancestry, including KCNQ1, KCNH2, LITAF and PLN. CONCLUSIONS: -We observed no difference in duration of cardiac repolarization with global genetic indices of African ancestry. In addition, our GWA study extends the association of polymorphisms at several loci associated with repolarization in individuals of European ancestry to include African Americans. (Less)
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Contribution to journal
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published
subject
keywords
electrophysiology, electrocardiography, genome-wide association studies, ion channels, repolarization
in
Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics
volume
5
issue
6
pages
647 - 655
publisher
American Heart Association
external identifiers
  • wos:000312774800013
  • pmid:23166209
  • scopus:84873884896
ISSN
1942-325X
DOI
10.1161/CIRCGENETICS.112.962787
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6542e3bd-09ff-4128-8d9f-1d5815b66d44 (old id 3218736)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23166209?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2012-12-13 14:09:27
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2017-11-19 03:05:00
@article{6542e3bd-09ff-4128-8d9f-1d5815b66d44,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: -Ethnic differences in cardiac arrhythmia incidence have been reported, with a particularly high incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) and low incidence of atrial fibrillation in individuals of African ancestry. We tested the hypotheses that African ancestry and common genetic variants are associated with prolonged duration of cardiac repolarization, a central pathophysiological determinant of arrhythmia, as measured by the electrocardiographic QT interval. METHODS AND RESULTS: -First, individual estimates of African and European ancestry were inferred from genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data in seven population-based cohorts of African Americans (n=12 097) and regressed on measured QT interval from electrocardiograms. Second, imputation was performed for 2.8 million SNPs and a genome-wide association (GWA) study of QT interval performed in ten cohorts (n=13 105). There was no evidence of association between genetic ancestry and QT interval (p=0.94). Genome-wide significant associations (p&lt;2.5x10(-8)) were identified with SNPs at two loci, upstream of the genes NOS1AP (rs12143842, p=2x10(-15)) and ATP1B1 (rs1320976, p=2x10(-10)). The most significant SNP in NOS1AP was the same as the strongest SNP previously associated with QT interval in individuals of European ancestry. Low p-values (p&lt;10(-5)) were observed for SNPs at several other loci previously identified in GWA studies in individuals of European ancestry, including KCNQ1, KCNH2, LITAF and PLN. CONCLUSIONS: -We observed no difference in duration of cardiac repolarization with global genetic indices of African ancestry. In addition, our GWA study extends the association of polymorphisms at several loci associated with repolarization in individuals of European ancestry to include African Americans.},
  author       = {Smith, Gustav and Avery, Christy L and Evans, Daniel S and Nalls, Michael A and Meng, Yan A and Smith, Erin N and Palmer, Cameron and Tanaka, Toshiko and Mehra, Reena and Butler, Anne M and Young, Taylor and Buxbaum, Sarah G and Kerr, Kathleen F and Berenson, Gerald S and Schnabel, Renate B and Guo, Li Jun and Ellinor, Patrick T and Magnani, Jared W and Chen, Wei and Bis, Joshua C and Curb, J David and Hsueh, Wen-Chi and Rotter, Jerome I and Liu, Yongmei and Newman, Anne B and Limacher, Marian C and North, Kari E and Reiner, Alexander P and Quibrera, P Miguel and Schork, Nicholas J and Singleton, Andrew B and Psaty, Bruce M and Soliman, Elsayed Z and Solomon, Allen J and Srinivasan, Sathanur R and Alonso, Alvaro and Wallace, Robert and Redline, Susan and Zhang, Zhu-Ming and Post, Wendy S and Zonderman, Alan B and Taylor, Herman A and Murray, Sarah S and Ferrucci, Luigi and Arking, Dan E and Evans, Michele K and Fox, Ervin R and Sotoodehnia, Nona and Heckbert, Susan R and Whitsel, Eric A and Newton-Cheh, Christopher},
  issn         = {1942-325X},
  keyword      = {electrophysiology,electrocardiography,genome-wide association studies,ion channels,repolarization},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {647--655},
  publisher    = {American Heart Association},
  series       = {Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics},
  title        = {The Impact of Ancestry and Common Genetic Variants on QT Interval in African Americans.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCGENETICS.112.962787},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2012},
}