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Cooperative space time coding with amplify and forward relaying

Al-nahari, Azzam LU ; Dessouky, M. I. and Abd El-Samie, F. E. (2012) In Journal of Signal Processing Systems 67(2). p.129-138
Abstract
Cooperative diversity using distributed space-time codes has been recently proposed to form virtual antennas in order to achieve diversity gain. In this paper, we consider a multi-relay network operating in amplify-and-forward (AAF) mode. Motivated by protocol III presented in (Nabar et al. 2004), we propose a cooperative diversity protocol implementing space–time coding for an arbitrary number of relay nodes when the source-destination link contributes in the second phase. We consider the use of real-orthogonal and quasi-orthogonal designs of space–time codes as they give better performance than random linear-dispersion codes. The pairwise error probability (PEP) has been derived and the theoretical analysis demonstrates that the proposed... (More)
Cooperative diversity using distributed space-time codes has been recently proposed to form virtual antennas in order to achieve diversity gain. In this paper, we consider a multi-relay network operating in amplify-and-forward (AAF) mode. Motivated by protocol III presented in (Nabar et al. 2004), we propose a cooperative diversity protocol implementing space–time coding for an arbitrary number of relay nodes when the source-destination link contributes in the second phase. We consider the use of real-orthogonal and quasi-orthogonal designs of space–time codes as they give better performance than random linear-dispersion codes. The pairwise error probability (PEP) has been derived and the theoretical analysis demonstrates that the proposed protocol achieves a diversity of order N + 1, where N is the number of relay nodes. No instantaneous channel state information is required at the relay nodes. The optimum power allocation that minimizes the PEP is obtained with numerical and theoretical analysis. The aggregate system power constraint is considered in the optimization. Simulation results demonstrate an improvement over the existing orthogonal protocols for different source-destination channel conditions. The results also show that the proposed scheme is robust to the channel estimation errors (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Signal Processing Systems
volume
67
issue
2
pages
129 - 138
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:84859793122
ISSN
1939-8115
DOI
10.1007/s11265-010-0516-3
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
97c3d8ef-331c-4dea-bd41-f8b25f798b2a (old id 3241755)
date added to LUP
2012-12-13 15:22:12
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:04:14
@article{97c3d8ef-331c-4dea-bd41-f8b25f798b2a,
  abstract     = {Cooperative diversity using distributed space-time codes has been recently proposed to form virtual antennas in order to achieve diversity gain. In this paper, we consider a multi-relay network operating in amplify-and-forward (AAF) mode. Motivated by protocol III presented in (Nabar et al. 2004), we propose a cooperative diversity protocol implementing space–time coding for an arbitrary number of relay nodes when the source-destination link contributes in the second phase. We consider the use of real-orthogonal and quasi-orthogonal designs of space–time codes as they give better performance than random linear-dispersion codes. The pairwise error probability (PEP) has been derived and the theoretical analysis demonstrates that the proposed protocol achieves a diversity of order N + 1, where N is the number of relay nodes. No instantaneous channel state information is required at the relay nodes. The optimum power allocation that minimizes the PEP is obtained with numerical and theoretical analysis. The aggregate system power constraint is considered in the optimization. Simulation results demonstrate an improvement over the existing orthogonal protocols for different source-destination channel conditions. The results also show that the proposed scheme is robust to the channel estimation errors},
  author       = {Al-nahari, Azzam and Dessouky, M. I. and Abd El-Samie, F. E.},
  issn         = {1939-8115},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {129--138},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Journal of Signal Processing Systems},
  title        = {Cooperative space time coding with amplify and forward relaying},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11265-010-0516-3},
  volume       = {67},
  year         = {2012},
}