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What Type of Knowledge Rules Where? Legally regulated participation in a large-scale mobile infrastructure planning in Sweden

Larsson, Stefan LU (2014) In Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 32(1). p.163-183
Abstract
I investigate the field of tension between the national and the local level in spatial planning from a decision-making perspective. In doing so, I analyse the legal regulation for a large-scale 3G mobile infrastructure development in Sweden with a focus on how participation is expressed both in terms of the ‘law in books’ as well as empirically, ‘in action’. Theoretically, a model of decision making is elaborated, based on two axes: one concerning the decision level on a central or national to local scale, and one concerning what type of knowledge is regarded as the most legitimate in terms of a calculating approach versus a communicative approach. These two issues or approaches to decision making—who decides and based on what... (More)
I investigate the field of tension between the national and the local level in spatial planning from a decision-making perspective. In doing so, I analyse the legal regulation for a large-scale 3G mobile infrastructure development in Sweden with a focus on how participation is expressed both in terms of the ‘law in books’ as well as empirically, ‘in action’. Theoretically, a model of decision making is elaborated, based on two axes: one concerning the decision level on a central or national to local scale, and one concerning what type of knowledge is regarded as the most legitimate in terms of a calculating approach versus a communicative approach. These two issues or approaches to decision making—who decides and based on what knowledge—are of direct importance for understanding the frameworks as well as the practical outcomes of public participation. The case of 3G in Sweden demonstrates how different types of knowledge are perceived as legitimate at different levels in the planning system. For example, appeals against building permits rarely change the outcome of permits issued, and appeals based on fear of electromagnetic radiation are always rejected. The juridification of a given mast conflict meant a development from a deliberative approach, where any concern is heard, to a calculating and expert-based one, where the general stance on a particular topic (such as whether or not the electromagnetic radiation from mobile masts is hazardous) is applied. This means that what knowledge is legitimate depends on where in the permit process it is presented. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
UMTS, electromagnetic radiation, 3G infrastructure, law in action, law in books, communicative, calculating, public participation, spatial planning
in
Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy
volume
32
issue
1
pages
163 - 183
publisher
Pion Ltd
external identifiers
  • wos:000331615000010
  • scopus:84893381626
ISSN
1472-3425
DOI
10.1068/c11305
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
beea7925-3063-44a0-85c8-022c3d718e94 (old id 3242855)
alternative location
http://www.envplan.com/epc/fulltext/c32/c11305.pdf
date added to LUP
2012-12-18 08:08:36
date last changed
2017-07-09 03:20:51
@article{beea7925-3063-44a0-85c8-022c3d718e94,
  abstract     = {I investigate the field of tension between the national and the local level in spatial planning from a decision-making perspective. In doing so, I analyse the legal regulation for a large-scale 3G mobile infrastructure development in Sweden with a focus on how participation is expressed both in terms of the ‘law in books’ as well as empirically, ‘in action’. Theoretically, a model of decision making is elaborated, based on two axes: one concerning the decision level on a central or national to local scale, and one concerning what type of knowledge is regarded as the most legitimate in terms of a calculating approach versus a communicative approach. These two issues or approaches to decision making—who decides and based on what knowledge—are of direct importance for understanding the frameworks as well as the practical outcomes of public participation. The case of 3G in Sweden demonstrates how different types of knowledge are perceived as legitimate at different levels in the planning system. For example, appeals against building permits rarely change the outcome of permits issued, and appeals based on fear of electromagnetic radiation are always rejected. The juridification of a given mast conflict meant a development from a deliberative approach, where any concern is heard, to a calculating and expert-based one, where the general stance on a particular topic (such as whether or not the electromagnetic radiation from mobile masts is hazardous) is applied. This means that what knowledge is legitimate depends on where in the permit process it is presented.},
  author       = {Larsson, Stefan},
  issn         = {1472-3425},
  keyword      = {UMTS,electromagnetic radiation,3G infrastructure,law in action,law in books,communicative,calculating,public participation,spatial planning},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {163--183},
  publisher    = {Pion Ltd},
  series       = {Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy},
  title        = {What Type of Knowledge Rules Where? Legally regulated participation in a large-scale mobile infrastructure planning in Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/c11305},
  volume       = {32},
  year         = {2014},
}