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Continuous estimation of product concentration with calorimetry and gas analysis during anaerobic fermentations of Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Albers, E; Larsson, C; Lidén, Gunnar LU ; Niklasson, C and Gustafsson, L (2002) In Thermochimica Acta 394(1-2). p.185-190
Abstract
Product concentrations may be estimated from gas analysis or calorimetric measurements. These techniques of analysis are fast, simple, and provide a continuous output. To check the accuracy of these estimations, the anaerobic ethanol formation of an industrial strain of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae was selected as a test system. Cultivations were carried out as batch cultures with different nitrogen sources (ammonium, glutamate and a mixture of amino acids) and 20 g/l of glucose as the carbon and energy source. The results showed that there was a good agreement between measured and calculated ethanol values. However, especially when using heat data the results are very sensitive to small changes in the stoichiometry of the catabolic... (More)
Product concentrations may be estimated from gas analysis or calorimetric measurements. These techniques of analysis are fast, simple, and provide a continuous output. To check the accuracy of these estimations, the anaerobic ethanol formation of an industrial strain of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae was selected as a test system. Cultivations were carried out as batch cultures with different nitrogen sources (ammonium, glutamate and a mixture of amino acids) and 20 g/l of glucose as the carbon and energy source. The results showed that there was a good agreement between measured and calculated ethanol values. However, especially when using heat data the results are very sensitive to small changes in the stoichiometry of the catabolic reaction, i.e. ethanol is not the only product but there are also minor amounts of glycerol and acetate. The problems generated by these products when using heat data to calculate ethanol concentrations are discussed in detail. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
ethanol estimation, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, anaerobic growth, calorimetry, gas analysis
in
Thermochimica Acta
volume
394
issue
1-2
pages
185 - 190
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000178635200024
  • scopus:0037136996
ISSN
0040-6031
DOI
10.1016/S0040-6031(02)00249-6
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
be93034f-c59a-4132-abd4-39b29f51f5b1 (old id 325118)
date added to LUP
2007-08-06 14:22:54
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:26:39
@article{be93034f-c59a-4132-abd4-39b29f51f5b1,
  abstract     = {Product concentrations may be estimated from gas analysis or calorimetric measurements. These techniques of analysis are fast, simple, and provide a continuous output. To check the accuracy of these estimations, the anaerobic ethanol formation of an industrial strain of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae was selected as a test system. Cultivations were carried out as batch cultures with different nitrogen sources (ammonium, glutamate and a mixture of amino acids) and 20 g/l of glucose as the carbon and energy source. The results showed that there was a good agreement between measured and calculated ethanol values. However, especially when using heat data the results are very sensitive to small changes in the stoichiometry of the catabolic reaction, i.e. ethanol is not the only product but there are also minor amounts of glycerol and acetate. The problems generated by these products when using heat data to calculate ethanol concentrations are discussed in detail. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Albers, E and Larsson, C and Lidén, Gunnar and Niklasson, C and Gustafsson, L},
  issn         = {0040-6031},
  keyword      = {ethanol estimation,Saccharomyces cerevisiae,anaerobic growth,calorimetry,gas analysis},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-2},
  pages        = {185--190},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Thermochimica Acta},
  title        = {Continuous estimation of product concentration with calorimetry and gas analysis during anaerobic fermentations of Saccharomyces cerevisiae},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0040-6031(02)00249-6},
  volume       = {394},
  year         = {2002},
}