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The association between perceived relationship discord at childbirth and parental postpartum depressive symptoms: a comparison of mothers and fathers in Sweden

Kerstis, Birgitta; Engstrom, Gabriella; Sundquist, Kristina LU ; Widarsson, Margareta and Rosenblad, Andreas (2012) In Uppsala Journal of Medical Sciences 117(4). p.430-438
Abstract
Aim. To examine whether mothers' and fathers' levels of perceived relationship discord at childbirth were associated with postpartum depressive symptoms when the child was 3 months old. Another aim was to examine parents' levels of self-reported depressive symptoms. The hypothesis was that parents with high levels of perceived relationship discord have higher levels of postpartum depressive symptoms than parents with low levels of perceived relationship discord. Method. One week after childbirth, 305 couples' perceived level of relationship discord was measured using the Dyadic Consensus Subscale (DCS) of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS). At 3 months postpartum, the same couples answered the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)... (More)
Aim. To examine whether mothers' and fathers' levels of perceived relationship discord at childbirth were associated with postpartum depressive symptoms when the child was 3 months old. Another aim was to examine parents' levels of self-reported depressive symptoms. The hypothesis was that parents with high levels of perceived relationship discord have higher levels of postpartum depressive symptoms than parents with low levels of perceived relationship discord. Method. One week after childbirth, 305 couples' perceived level of relationship discord was measured using the Dyadic Consensus Subscale (DCS) of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS). At 3 months postpartum, the same couples answered the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) questionnaire. The relations between perceived level of relationship discord and postpartum depressive symptoms were analysed using standard non-parametric statistical methods. Results. The mothers and fathers partly differed regarding which areas of their relationship they perceived that they disagreed with their partners about. Furthermore, 16.5% of the mothers and 8.7% of the fathers reported postpartum depressive symptoms, and there was a moderate level of correlation between the DCS and EPDS scores. Conclusion. These results may be useful for professionals in antenatal care and child health centres as well as for family caregivers who need to be aware that mothers and fathers may have different views on relationship discord and of the high level of depressive symptoms in recent parents. Further research is needed to examine perceived relationship discord and the development of depressive symptoms postpartum over a longer term. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Depression postpartum, family, family relations, fathers, mothers
in
Uppsala Journal of Medical Sciences
volume
117
issue
4
pages
430 - 438
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • wos:000310372800011
  • scopus:84868217737
ISSN
0300-9734
DOI
10.3109/03009734.2012.684805
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0eba403c-51ef-4275-8306-a2eea62f7cd8 (old id 3283750)
date added to LUP
2013-01-07 09:41:57
date last changed
2017-09-17 03:00:34
@article{0eba403c-51ef-4275-8306-a2eea62f7cd8,
  abstract     = {Aim. To examine whether mothers' and fathers' levels of perceived relationship discord at childbirth were associated with postpartum depressive symptoms when the child was 3 months old. Another aim was to examine parents' levels of self-reported depressive symptoms. The hypothesis was that parents with high levels of perceived relationship discord have higher levels of postpartum depressive symptoms than parents with low levels of perceived relationship discord. Method. One week after childbirth, 305 couples' perceived level of relationship discord was measured using the Dyadic Consensus Subscale (DCS) of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS). At 3 months postpartum, the same couples answered the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) questionnaire. The relations between perceived level of relationship discord and postpartum depressive symptoms were analysed using standard non-parametric statistical methods. Results. The mothers and fathers partly differed regarding which areas of their relationship they perceived that they disagreed with their partners about. Furthermore, 16.5% of the mothers and 8.7% of the fathers reported postpartum depressive symptoms, and there was a moderate level of correlation between the DCS and EPDS scores. Conclusion. These results may be useful for professionals in antenatal care and child health centres as well as for family caregivers who need to be aware that mothers and fathers may have different views on relationship discord and of the high level of depressive symptoms in recent parents. Further research is needed to examine perceived relationship discord and the development of depressive symptoms postpartum over a longer term.},
  author       = {Kerstis, Birgitta and Engstrom, Gabriella and Sundquist, Kristina and Widarsson, Margareta and Rosenblad, Andreas},
  issn         = {0300-9734},
  keyword      = {Depression postpartum,family,family relations,fathers,mothers},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {430--438},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Uppsala Journal of Medical Sciences},
  title        = {The association between perceived relationship discord at childbirth and parental postpartum depressive symptoms: a comparison of mothers and fathers in Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/03009734.2012.684805},
  volume       = {117},
  year         = {2012},
}